A Time to Love and a Time to Die
|A Time to Love and a Time to Die|
|Directed by||Douglas Sirk|
|Produced by||Robert Arthur|
|Written by||Orin Jannings|
Erich Maria Remarque
|Based on||novel by Erich Maria Remarque|
|Music by||Miklós Rózsa|
|Edited by||Ted J. Kent|
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures|
|Box office||2.8 million admissions (France)|
A Time to Love and a Time to Die is a 1958 Eastmancolor CinemaScope drama war film directed by Douglas Sirk and starring John Gavin and Liselotte Pulver. It is based on the book by German author Erich Maria Remarque, set on the Eastern Front and in Nazi Germany. With a nod to Remarque's better-known All Quiet on the Western Front, this film has been referred to as All Quiet on the Eastern Front.
Ernst Graeber is a German soldier stationed on the Eastern Front during the war's last days. Fellow soldiers Steinbrenner and Hirschland and he are ordered to kill Russian civilians, but Hirschland commits suicide, instead.
Given his first furlough in two years, Ernst returns home to find his village bombed and parents gone. Elizabeth Kruse, daughter of his mother's doctor, tells him that her father is being held by the Gestapo. Constant air raids interrupt any peaceful moments while Ernst and Elizabeth enjoy their love.
An old friend, Binding, a wealthy Nazi, welcomes Ernst to his home and prepares a feast for the newlywed couple, while a sympathetic professor, Pohlmann, offers his help, should they decide to flee the country.
Ernst is ordered back to the front, where he finds Steinbrenner about to shoot arrested Russian civilians. To prevent their shooting, Ernst himself shoots Steinbrenner and frees them. One of the prisoners untouched by such sentimentality in a total war retrieves Steinbrenner's rifle and then shoots Graeber. He dies while reading a letter from Elizabeth, telling him that she is expecting their child.
- John Gavin as Ernst Graeber
- Liselotte Pulver as Elizabeth Kruse, married Graeber
- Jock Mahoney as Immerman
- Don DeFore as Hermann Boettcher
- Keenan Wynn as Reuter
- Erich Maria Remarque as Professor Pohlmann
- Dieter Borsche as Captain Rahe
- Barbara Rütting as Woman Guerrilla
- Thayer David as Oscar Binding
- Charles Régnier as Joseph
- Dorothea Wieck as Frau Lieser
- Kurt Meisel as Heini
- Agnes Windeck as Frau Witte
- Clancy Cooper as Sauer
- John van Dreelen as Political Officer
- Klaus Kinski as Gestapo Lieutenant
- Alice Treff as Frau Langer
- Alexander Engel as Mad Air Raid Warden
- Jim Hutton as Hirschland (as Dana J. Hutton)
- Bengt Lindström as Steinbrenner
Remarque met Sirk in 1954 and the director persuaded the writer to adapt his own novel for the screen. ("I found him an extraordinarily understanding and capable man", said Remarque. "He knew what he wanted to do with my book.") Sirk's own son, actor Klaus Detlef Sierck (1925–1944), died in the Ukraine as a soldier of the Panzer-Grenadier-Division Großdeutschland when he was 18 years old.
Universal decided to cast two relative unknowns in the lead. As studio executive Al Daff said:
We could have put two well-known personalities in it and proceeded on the basis of making a star vehicle. Or we could, as we decided to do, cast the story for inevitability and put into the lead roles talented, fresh performers who would not have to overcome the handicap of personality identification and could be accepted as a young Nazi officer and his sweetheart.
Filming took place in West Berlin, which Sirk had fled over 20 years before and the US Army Europe training area at Grafenwöhr. Interiors were shot at CCC Film's Spandau Studios in Berlin. The film's sets were designed by the art directors Alexander Golitzen and Alfred Sweeney. Gavin was accompanied by his wife who he had just married and they used the movie as an opportunity to honeymoon.
Universal sent a screen test of Gavin to critics in advance of the film's release. Hedda Hopper saw a preview and predicted that Gavin will "take the public by storm and so will the picture, which should also put its co-star, Lilo Pulver in the top ten."
The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:
- Academy Award: Best Sound Recording (Leslie I. Carey) (1959)
- Berlin Film Festival: Golden Bear (1958)
- Myers, Harold (July 2, 1958). "Political Tensions, No U.S. Stars Mark Opening Of Berlin Film Fest". Variety. p. 2. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
- French box office of 1959 at Box Office Story
- Crowther, Bosley (2008). "A Time to Love and a Time to Die". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. Baseline & All Movie Guide. Archived from the original on January 30, 2008. Retrieved October 19, 2008.
- Scheuer, Philip K. (July 21, 1957). "A Town Called Hollywood: Remarque Enjoys Adapting Own Novel Into Screenplay". Los Angeles Times. p. E2.
- Scheuer, Philip K. (April 20, 1958). "RECALLS WORLD WAR I 'ALL QUIET': Remarque's 'Time to Love Has Few Faults, Rates as Memorable Film A TOWN CALLED HOLLYWOOD Remarque's 'Time to Love' Vivid, at Times Shocking". Los Angeles Times. p. E1.
- "Portrait of the actor Klaus-Detlef Sierck by Thomas Staedeli". www.cyranos.ch. Retrieved November 19, 2020.
- THOMAS M. PRYOR (August 11, 1957). "HOLLYWOOD IDEAS: Newcomers Face Stardom at Universal --'South Pacific' on the Horizon Appraisal "Pacific" Launching Movie Slant". New York Times. p. 89.
- THOMAS M. PRYOR (July 31, 1957). "MOVIE DIRECTORS SET UP 2 GRANTS: Guild Offers Scholarships for Coast Students--Bells Are Ringing' Rings the Bell Paramount Eyes Musical". The New York Times. p. 26.
- FREDERICK BANKER (November 3, 1957). "CAMERAS CAPTURE LOVE AND DEATH IN BERLIN: Ubiquitous Fans Shooting the Works Vote of Confidence". New York Times. p. 143.
- Hopper, Hedda (July 20, 1958). "HE NEVER LEFT HOME: Los Angeles Native John Gavin Wanted No Part of Pictures, So Producers Beat a Path to His Door". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. f12.
- Tinee, Mae (January 19, 1958). "A Sneak Look Via Film Test of New Actor". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. e9.
- Hopper, Hedda (April 16, 1958). "José Ferrer to Produce Broadway Play in Fall". Chicago Daily Tribune.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved August 20, 2016.
- Billings, Josh (December 18, 1958). "Others in the Money". Kinematograph Weekly. p. 7.
- "The 31st Academy Awards (1959) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved August 21, 2011.
- "IMDB.com: Awards for A Time to Love and a Time to Die". imdb.com. Retrieved December 31, 2009.
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