A Woman of Paris
|A Woman of Paris|
US DVD cover
|Directed by||Charlie Chaplin|
|Produced by||Charlie Chaplin|
|Written by||Charlie Chaplin|
Charles K. French
|Music by||Louis F. Gottschalk (original score)
Charlie Chaplin (1976 release)
|Distributed by||United Artists (1923 release)
MK2 Diffusion (2001) (World-wide)
Allied Artists (1923) (UK)
Cinegate (1978) (UK) (theatrical re-release)
Cinal S.A. (1980) (Spain) (theatrical re-release)
Fox Video (1992) (USA) (VHS)
Warner Home Video (2004 DVD)
Cinegate (1984) (UK) (theatrical)
Continental Home Vídeo (Brazil) (VHS)
Image Entertainment (USA) (DVD)
|Box office||$634,000 (US/Canada)|
A Woman of Paris is a feature-length American silent film that debuted in 1923. The film, an atypical drama film for its creator, was written, directed, produced and later scored by Charlie Chaplin. It is also known as A Woman of Paris: A Drama of Fate.
Marie St. Clair and her beau, aspiring artist Jean Millet, plan to leave their small French village for Paris, where they will marry. On the night before their scheduled departure, Marie climbs down from her second-floor bedroom for a rendezvous with Jean. Her stepfather sees them strolling down a lane and locks her out of the house. When the couple returns, Jean furiously knocks on the front door and reminds the older man that he's locked out his daughter. The stepfather dismisses Jean's complaint and tells Marie, "Perhaps (Jean) will give you a bed for the night."
Jean does invite Marie to his home, but he makes it clear that he lives with his parents and that his mother will fix a bed for Marie. It turns out that Jean's parents are not thrilled with their son's romance with Marie, either. Marie goes to the train station, with Jean promising to follow her. But Jean's father has died while sitting in his chair in front of the fireplace; and, when Jean telephones Marie at the station to tell her he can't go with her to Paris, she gets on the train and makes the trip alone.
In Paris, Marie enjoys a life of luxury as the mistress of wealthy businessman Pierre Revel. One night when Marie is alone in the apartment Revel has provided for her, a friend calls and invites her to a raucous party in the Latin Quarter. The friend gives Marie the address but admits that she can't remember whether the apartment is in the building on the right or the left. Marie, arriving by taxi, enters the wrong building and is surprised to be greeted by Jean Millet. Marie tells Jean she would like for him to paint her portrait and gives him a card with her address.
Jean calls on Marie at her apartment to begin the painting. Marie notices he is wearing a black armband and asks why he is in mourning. Jean tells her his father has died. Marie asks when, and Jean replies, "The night you left."
Marie and Jean revive their romance, and Marie begins to distance herself from Pierre Revel. Pierre knows about Jean but also realizes that Marie has become fond of the luxuries she enjoys as his mistress.
Jean finishes Marie's portrait; but, instead of painting her wearing the elegant outfit she chose for the sitting, he outfits her in the simple dress she wore on the night she left for Paris.
Jean proposes to Marie. Marie tells Pierre she'll be leaving soon, but Pierre isn't so sure.
Jean's mother, with whom he shares the simple Paris apartment, argues with him about marrying Marie. Jean starts to leave in anger but, after opening the door, leaves the door ajar as he goes to apologize to his mother. He tells his mother the proposal was spur-of-the-moment and not serious. Marie happens to arrive unexpectedly outside Jean's apartment at that moment. A chastened Marie returns to Pierre Revel.
Jean fails to convince Marie he didn't mean what she overheard him say to his mother only to appease the older woman. One night, Jean slips a gun into his coat pocket and goes to the exclusive restaurant where Marie and Pierre are dining. Jean asks the maitre d' to give Marie a note asking her to meet him one last time. Pierre sees the note and invites Jean to join them. Jean and Pierre get into a scuffle, and Jean is ejected from the dining room. Jean stands by the fountain in the restaurant's foyer, pulls out the gun and fatally shoots himself.
The police carry Jean's body to his apartment. Jean's mother retrieves the gun and goes to Marie's apartment. Marie's maid tells her that Marie has gone to her son's studio. Jean's mother returns to the apartment and finds Marie kneeling by Jean's body and sobbing.
Jean's mother is touched by Marie's display of grief. The two women reconcile and return to the French countryside, where they open a home for orphans in a country cottage.
One morning, Marie and one of the girls in her care walk down the lane to get a pail of milk. Marie and the girl meet a group of sharecroppers with a horse-drawn wagon, who offer them a ride back in the wagon. At the same time, Pierre Revel and another gentleman are riding through the French countryside in a chauffeur-driven automobile. Pierre's companion asks him, "What ever happened to that Marie St. Clair?" Pierre replies that he doesn't know. Pierre's automobile and the horse-drawn wagon then pass each other, heading in opposite directions.
- Edna Purviance - Marie St. Clair
- Clarence Geldart - Marie's Father
- Carl Miller - Jean Millet
- Lydia Knott - Jean's Mother
- Charles K. French - Jean's Father
- Adolphe Menjou - Pierre Revel
- Betty Morrissey - Fifi
- Malvina Polo - Paulette
- Henry Bergman (uncredited) - Head Waiter
- Charles Chaplin (uncredited) - Porter
Several things set this film apart from Chaplin's other work. The first, most obvious, is that he does not appear in the film, at least not in his traditional role of the tramp. He has a brief cameo as a porter in a train station. This role was supposed to be inconspicuous and he is not even listed in the credits for it (though he precedes the film with a title card which explains that he does not appear). Most people seeing the film will not realize that it is actually Chaplin; this was intended. The other major difference between this and most of Chaplin's other work is that the film is a serious drama.
Edna Purviance plays the lead as Marie St. Clair. Chaplin had several reasons for producing this film, and one of these reasons was to help Purviance gain recognition as an actress without Chaplin at her side. Another was because he wanted to try staying behind the camera and attempt his first real drama. Despite this attempt, Edna Purviance was never able to achieve the level of success that she had in films with Chaplin's Tramp at her side. However, the film did help Adolphe Menjou gain some recognition.
The film was largely inspired by Chaplin's brief 1922 romance with Peggy Hopkins Joyce, whose stories of her romantic adventures in Europe provided the framework of the screenplay.
The public did not receive A Woman of Paris very well. Chaplin was very popular at this time, and many went to the film expecting to see Chaplin in his traditional role. There were two efforts made to help "ease" the public into the idea of Chaplin doing a movie without his starring. On the night the film premiered, Chaplin had flyers given to those in line which essentially stated that A Woman in Paris was a deviation from his normal work, and that he hoped the public would find such deviations enjoyable. Additionally, there is a message at the film's beginning stating Chaplin does not appear in the film that follows. Some[who?] film historians have speculated that A Woman in Paris may have been received differently if the public had not known of Chaplin's absence from the cast.
Critical response to the film, on the other hand, was very positive; the film has since been credited with influencing later filmmakers. In particular, the motivations and personalities of its characters had a complexity that was unconventional in the context of early 1920's cinema. Chaplin biographer Jeffrey Vance champions A Woman of Paris and writes of the film's importance at length in Chaplin: Genius of the Cinema. Vance notes,
"Most examinations of A Woman of Paris select a key scene such as Marie on the train platform or Pierre removing a handkerchief from Marie’s dresser drawer, or the natural and simple approach to performance as the basis of the film’s critical laurels, while overlooking Chaplin’s overall construction of the visual narrative. However, the film’s greatness is not limited to a few isolated scenes. Chaplin’s directorial skill and the film’s power are demonstrated in the careful and direct way that Chaplin tells a simple story. Chaplin achieved his purpose of conveying 'psychology by subtle action' throughout the visual narrative by imbuing the décor with symbolism, by using objects for their metaphoric and metonymic value, and by parallel storytelling and editing."
Some[who?] consider it to be the first true Chaplin feature, since it is the first feature done under the company he co-founded United Artists. Mary Pickford named it a favorite. "Woman of Paris allows us to think for ourselves and does not constantly underestimate our intelligence. It is a gripping human story throughout and the director allows the situations to play themselves. The actors simply react the emotions of the audience." "Charlie Chaplin is the greatest director of the screen," she said on another occasion. "He's a pioneer. How he knows women!—oh, how he knows women! I do not cry easily when seeing a picture, but after seeing Charlie's A Woman of Paris I was all choked up—I wanted to go out in the garden and have it out by myself."
The film's box office failure was painful for Chaplin, and after its initial release it was not seen by the public for over fifty years. Chaplin reissued the edited film with a new musical score—replacing the original score by Louis F. Gottschalk—in 1976, a year before his death. In fact, the score he composed is credited as being the final completed work of his 75-year career.
- Balio, Tino (2009). United Artists: The Company Built by the Stars. University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 978-0-299-23004-3. p45
- Progressive Silent Film List: A Woman of Paris at silentera.com
- The AFI Catalog of Feature Films: A Woman of Paris
- Vance, Jeffrey (2003). Chaplin: Genius of the Cinema. New York: Harry N. Abrams, pg. 146. ISBN 0-8109-4532-0.
- Howe, Herbert (January 1924). "Mary Pickford's Favorite Stars and Films". Photoplay (New York: Photoplay Publishing Company). Retrieved September 4, 2015.
- A Woman of Paris at the Internet Movie Database
- A Woman of Paris at the TCM Movie Database
- A Woman of Paris at the American Film Institute Catalog
- Lantern slide, lobby card, and stills at silenthollywood.com