A World Transformed

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A World Transformed
A World Transformed.jpg
AuthorGeorge H. W. Bush
Brent Scowcroft
CountryUnited States
Publication date
September 14, 1998

A World Transformed is a 1998 book (ISBN 0-679-43248-5) by former U.S. President George H. W. Bush and Brent Scowcroft, Bush's National Security Advisor, documenting foreign relations during the Bush administration.[1]

Former President George H. W. Bush and Brent Scowcroft, explaining in 1998 why they didn't go onto Baghdad and remove Saddam Hussein's government from power in 1991 during the Persian Gulf War:

While we hoped that popular revolt or coup would topple Saddam, neither the U.S. nor the countries of the region wished to see the breakup of the Iraqi state. We were concerned about the long-term balance of power at the head of the Persian Gulf. Trying to eliminate Saddam, extending the ground war into an occupation of Iraq, would have violated our guideline about not changing objectives in midstream, engaging in "mission creep," and would have incurred incalculable human and political costs. Apprehending him was probably impossible. We had been unable to find Noriega in Panama, which we knew intimately. We would have been forced to occupy Baghdad and, in effect, rule Iraq. The coalition would instantly have collapsed, the Arabs deserting it in anger and other allies pulling out as well. Under those circumstances, furthermore, we had been self-consciously trying to set a pattern for handling aggression in the post-cold war world. Going in and occupying Iraq, thus unilaterally exceeding the U.N.'s mandate, would have destroyed the precedent of international response to aggression we hoped to establish. Had we gone the invasion route, the U.S. could conceivably still be an occupying power in a bitterly hostile land. It would have been a dramatically different--and perhaps barren--outcome.



  1. ^ Bartholomew Sparrow, The Strategist: Brent Scowcroft and the Call of National Security (2015), passim.
  2. ^ George H.W. Bush, and Brent Scowcroft. "Why we didn’t remove Saddam." Time Magazine (1998).

Further reading[edit]

  • Hybel, Alex Roberto; Justin Matthew Kaufman (2013). The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein: Deciding on Conflict. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 118.
  • Sparrow, Bartholomew H. "Realism's Practitioner: Brent Scowcroft and the Making of the New World Order, 1989–1993." Diplomatic History 34.1 (2010): 141–175. online
  • Sparrow, Bartholomew. The Strategist: Brent Scowcroft and the Call of National Security (2015).

External links[edit]