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The Aalto Theatre (in German officially Aalto-Musiktheater Essen) is an opera house and major performing arts venue in Essen, Germany. It was opened on 25 September 1988 with Richard Wagner's opera Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg. The building is mainly used for opera and ballet performances; it also serves for concerts and gala events.
The design by the Finnish architect Alvar Aalto was the unanimous winner in a competition in 1959, but the building was begun only in 1983, seven years after Aalto's death. A feature of the auditorium's design is its asymmetrical layout and the indigo blue colour of the seats.
Following a survey of 50 critics in 2008, the magazine Opernwelt declared the Aalto Theatre to be the best opera house in the German-speaking countries and awarded the title Opera House of the Year 2008.
- Dietmar N. Schmidt (ed.): Das Theater von Alvar Aalto in Essen. Baedeker, Essen 1988, ISBN 3-920138-03-1
- Klaus Umbach: "Musiktheater – In Rausch und Bogen" in: Der Spiegel Nr. 13/2007, Hamburg, 26 March 2007; pp. 158–159 (in German)
Media related to Aalto-Theater (Essen) at Wikimedia Commons
- Aalto Theatre homepage (in German)
- Image gallery (in German)
- "Gesamtkonzept Theater – Das Aalto-Theater Essen" by Eckhard Gropp (in German)
- Models, architectural drawings, bibliography (in Spanish)
- Aalto Theater, Essen on Architectuul