The Aalto Vase, also known as the Savoy Vase, is a piece of glassware created by Alvar Aalto and his wife Aino that has become an internationally known iconic piece of Finnish design. It became known as the Savoy Vase because it was one of a range of custom furnishings and fixtures created by Alvar and Aino Aalto for the luxury Savoy restaurant in Helsinki that opened in 1937.
The vase was also designed as an entry in a design competition for the Ahlström owned Karhula-Iittala glassworks factory in 1936. The design was inspired by the dress of a Sami woman. Called Eskimåkvinnans skinnbyxa (the Eskimo woman's leather breech), the design consisted of a series of crayon drawings on cardboard and scratch paper. Aalto created initial prototypes by blowing glass in the middle of a composition of wooden sticks stuck into the ground, letting the molten glass swell on only some sides and creating a wavy outline. The initial manufacture of the vase was not without problems and the original idea of using molds made of thin steel sheets forced together to form closed sinuous shapes had to be abandoned. The vase was originally manufactured by the glassworks factory using a wood mold which was slowly burned away.
Aalto never made money with the vase, because the design belonged to the factory for which the design competition entry was produced.
The vase has been manufactured in nearly a full spectrum of colours. The simplicity of the vase continues to be popular in the 21st century. Smaller versions of the vase, just as Aalto designed them with the seams visible and a slight curve at the base, are still produced by glasspressing at the Iittala glass factory in Iittala, Finland. Larger versions are made using Aalto's design, but without seams.
- Mara Vorhees (2 November 2012). "An Alvar Aalto tour of Finland". BBC Travel, Lonely Planet. Retrieved 22 December 2013.
His curvaceous Savoy vase is still an icon of Finnish design 75 years after its creation. But these internationally known pieces are not the basis for Aalto's title as the father of Modernism.
- Hauffe, Thomas (1996). Design. Oslo: Cappelen. p. 126. ISBN 9788202159863.
"Vasen vant internasjonal berømmelse etter krigen, ..." (The vase won international fame after the war ..)
- "Eskimonaisen nahkahousut eli Savoy-maljakko täyttää 70 vuotta". formin.finland.fi (in Finnish). Retrieved 19 December 2011.
- "Alvar Aalto's Savoy Vase Continues to Inspire Designers". Finnish Design Blog. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
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- "The Identity & Para Identity of Tobi Wong". Guy Keulemans: design research and objects. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
- Alvar Aalto: The Complete Catalogue of Architecture, Design and Art. Göran Schildt. New York: Rizzoli International, 1994.