|Alma mater||Haverford College and University of New Mexico|
|Known for||Power law, Community structure|
|Awards||Erdös-Rényi Prize in Network Science|
|Fields||Computer Science and Physics|
|Institutions||University of Colorado Boulder and Santa Fe Institute|
|Doctoral advisor||Cristopher Moore|
Aaron Clauset is an American computer scientist who works in the areas of Network Science, Machine Learning, and Complex Systems. He is currently a professor of Computer Science at the University of Colorado Boulder and is external faculty at the Santa Fe Institute.
Clauset completed his undergraduate studies in Physics and Computer Science at Haverford College in 2001. He earned his Ph.D. in Computer Science in 2006 from the University of New Mexico under the supervision of Cristopher Moore. He was then an Omidyar Fellow at the Santa Fe Institute until 2010.
In 2010, he joined the University of Colorado Boulder as an Assistant Professor, with primary appointments in the Computer Science Department and the BioFrontiers Institute, an interdisciplinary institute focused on quantitative systems biology. He joined the founding editorial board of Science Advances as an Associate Editor in 2014, and became the Deputy Editor responsible for social and interdisciplinary sciences in 2017. In 2018, he was award tenure and promoted to Associate Professor at the University of Colorado Boulder.
Clauset is best known for work done with Cosma Shalizi and Mark Newman on developing rigorous statistics tests for the presence of a power law pattern in empirical data, and for showing that many distributions that were claimed to be power laws actually were not. He is also known for his work on developing algorithms for detecting community structure in complex networks, particularly a model of hierarchical clustering in networks developed with Cristopher Moore and Mark Newman. In other work, Clauset is known for his specific discovery, with Maxwell Young and Kristian Skrede Gleditsch, that the frequency and severity of terrorist events worldwide follows a power-law distribution. This discovery was summarized by Nate Silver in his popular science book The Signal and the Noise.
Awards and honors
In 2015, Clauset received a prestigious CAREER Award from the National Science Foundation to develop and evaluate new methods for characterizing the structure of networks. In 2016, Clauset received the Erdös-Rényi Prize in Network Science from the Network Science Society his contributions to the study of network structure, including Internet mapping, inference of missing links, and community structure, and for his provocative analyses of human conflicts and social stratification.
Aaron Clauset was a contestant on the fourth season of the NBC reality television show Average Joe: The Joe Strikes Back, which aired in 2005. Since 2002, he has written a blog Structure+Strangeness on science, complex systems, and computation.
- Clauset, Aaron; Newman, M. E. J.; Moore, Cristopher (2004), "Finding community structure in very large networks" (PDF), Physical Review E, 70 (6): 066111, arXiv:cond-mat/0408187, Bibcode:2004PhRvE..70f6111C, doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.70.066111.
- Achlioptas, Dimitris; Clauset, Aaron; Kempe, David; Moore, Cristopher (2005), "On the bias of traceroute sampling: or, power-law degree distributions in regular graphs", Proceedings of the 37th ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing (STOC '05), pp. 694–703, arXiv:cond-mat/0503087, doi:10.1145/1060590.1060693.
- Clauset, Aaron; Young, Maxwell; Gleditsch, Kristian S. (2007), "On the frequency of severe terrorist attacks", Journal of Conflict Resolution, 51 (1): 58–88, arXiv:physics/0606007, doi:10.1177/0022002706296157.
- Clauset, Aaron; Moore, Cristopher; Newman, M. E. J. (2008), "Hierarchical structure and the prediction of missing links in networks" (PDF), Nature, 453 (7191): 98–101, arXiv:0811.0484, Bibcode:2008Natur.453...98C, doi:10.1038/nature06830, PMID 18451861.
- Clauset, Aaron; Erwin, Douglas H. (2008), "The evolution and distribution of species body size", Science, 321: 399–401, arXiv:0901.0251, Bibcode:2008Sci...321..399C, doi:10.1126/science.1157534.
- Clauset, Aaron; Shalizi, Cosma R.; Newman, M. E. J. (2009), "Power-law distributions in empirical data", SIAM Review, 51 (4): 661–703, arXiv:0706.1062, doi:10.1137/070710111.
- Clauset, Aaron; Arbesman, Samuel; Larremore, Daniel B. (2015), "Systematic inequality and hierarchy in faculty hiring networks", Science Advances, 1 (1): e1400005, Bibcode:2015SciA....1E0005S, doi:10.1126/sciadv.1400005.