Aast, Pyrénées-Atlantiques

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Aast
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Aast
Coat of arms
Location of Aast
Aast is located in France
Aast
Aast
Aast is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Aast
Aast
Coordinates: 43°17′25″N 0°05′21″W / 43.2903°N 0.0892°W / 43.2903; -0.0892Coordinates: 43°17′25″N 0°05′21″W / 43.2903°N 0.0892°W / 43.2903; -0.0892
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentPyrénées-Atlantiques
ArrondissementPau
CantonVallées de l'Ousse et du Lagoin
IntercommunalityNord-Est Béarn
Government
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Romain Morlanne
Area
1
4.75 km2 (1.83 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
177
 • Density37/km2 (97/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
64001 /64460
Elevation367–393 m (1,204–1,289 ft)
(avg. 390 m or 1,280 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Aast is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France.

The inhabitants are known as Aastais.[1]

The local pronunciation is aas with a highly nasalised 'a' and a silent 't'.[2]

Geography[edit]

Aast Drinking Trough

Location[edit]

The village is situated on the plateau of Ger and is composed of a dozen scattered houses. Aast is 20 km east of Pau and 20 km north of Lourdes. Access to the commune is by road D70 then D311 north-east from Gardères, road D64 north-west from Ger, and road D311 when coming south from Ponson-Dessus. Other country roads can also be used to access the commune.[3]

Hydrography[edit]

Located in the Drainage basin of the Adour, Aast is traversed[4] by the Carbouère stream, a tributary of the Louet river.

Localities and hamlets[5][edit]

  • Aast
  • Bayet
  • Bidou
  • Cadet
  • France
  • Gachau
  • Hourcade
  • Lasbordes
  • Lasserre
  • Lassus
  • Lescloupe
  • Mouly
  • Pouquet
  • Rémy
  • Toulou

Neighbouring communes and villages[edit]

Toponymy[edit]

Aast is the first French commune in alphabetical order. Previously, Aas, another commune in the Lower Pyrenees, came first until 1861, when it merged with the commune of Assouste to form the new commune of Eaux-Bonnes.

The commune's Béarnais name is also Aast.

According to Dauzat and Rostaing Aast comes from the Basque ast ("rock"). This seems unlikely given the physical setting. Michel Grosclaude[2] suggests that the name of the town derives from an anthroponym composed of Aner + Aster. Brigitte Jobbé-Duval[6] recalls that in 1429, Aast appeared as Hast, which means lance, and therefore advanced the theory that Aast could refer to a battle that occurred there.

The following table details the origins of the commune name.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Aast Hast 1429 Raymond
1
Census Village
Ast 1544 Raymond
1
Reformation
Aast 1750 Cassini

Sources:

Origins:

  • Census: Census of Montaner[9]
  • Reformation: Reformation of Béarn[10]

History[edit]

There was a Lay Abbey in Aast which was abolished in 1791. The Lordship of Aast was owned by the Day family from 1674 until the French Revolution. In 1678, Jérome de Day, adviser to the king, bought the abbey and tithes with rights of patronage: he was to provide a priest and entitled to receive a portion of the tithe, to sit in the choir, to be first to receive the blessed bread, and to be buried in the church.[citation needed]

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Aast
Blazon:

Argent, two halberds sable saltirewise with an inescutcheon gules with two cows collared and belled in Or passing one over the other debruised in fess point overall.[11][12]



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors of Aast[13]

Mayors from the French Revolution to 1942
From To Name Party Position
1800 1802 Jean Poublan
1802 1806 Matthieu Tisné
1806 1820 Jean Bidou
1820 1822 Michel Naude
1822 1824 Alexis Lassus
1824 1828 Michel Naude
1828 1835 Pierre Capdevielle
1835 1837 Alexis Lassus
1837 1852 Pierre Picourlat
1852 1865 Barthélémy Lassus
1865 1871 Jean Lassus (fils)
1871 1881 Jacques Tisné Daban
1881 1889 Jean Lasserre
1889 1892 Pierre Tisné Daban
1892 1904 Jean Lasserre
1904 1919 Jean Sarthou
1919 1942 Jacques Louis Lasserre
The Aast War Memorial
Mayors from 1942
From To Name Party Position
1942 1944 Dominique Picourlat
1944 1945 Célestin Tisné Daban
1945 1945 Jean Sylvain Lascassies
1945 1949 Célestin Tisné Daban
1949 1983 Jean Lassus
1983 2008 Jean-Noël Lacourrège RPR then UMP General Counsel
2008 Current Romain Morlanne DVD

(Not all data is known)

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
2006182—    
2007181−0.5%
2008181+0.0%
2009193+6.6%
2010192−0.5%
2011188−2.1%
2012183−2.7%
2013178−2.7%
2014177−0.6%
2015173−2.3%
2016177+2.3%
Population change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
140 138 140 173 168 175 167 188 206
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
220 237 209 213 199 190 183 200 214
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
186 191 183 160 167 145 140 126 140
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2007 2008
140 203 115 140 163 190 182 181 181
2009 2010 - - - - - - -
193 192 - - - - - - -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

A Wayside Cross in Aast

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections 2nd Round [14][edit]

Election Winning Candidate Party %
2017 Emmanuel Macron EM 77.97
2012 Nicolas Sarkozy UMP 53.08
2007 Nicolas Sarkozy UMP 53.52
2002 Jacques Chirac RPR 84.83

Economy[edit]

The 2006 classification by INSEE, indicating the median household incomes for each commune with more than 50 households (30,687 out of the total of 36,681 communes identified)[15] ranked Aast at 5274, with an average annual income of €18,858.

Culture and Heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The town has a number of old farmhouses:

  • The Fray Farmhouse (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[16]
  • A Farmhouse at Bayet (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[17]
  • Houses and Farms (18th and 19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[18]

Religious Heritage[edit]

The Church of Saint Martin

The Church of Saint Martin (1854)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[19] dedicated to Saint Martin of Tours was built under Napoleon III during the administration of Mayor Bartholomew Lassus. Recently renovated by the artist Villarubias, there are many objects in the church registered as historical objects:

  • A Processional Lantern (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[20]
  • A Thurible (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[21]
  • A Pail for holy water (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[22]
  • A Painting: Christ on the cross with the Virgin, Saint Madeleine and Saint Martin (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[23]
  • 2 Paintings: Saint Martin Bishop, and the Charity of St. Martin (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[24]
  • Statue: Saint Joseph (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[25]
  • Altar Pulpit (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[26]
  • A Pulpit (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[27]
  • 2 Altars and Tabernacles (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[28]
  • The Main Altar (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[29]
  • 5 stained glass windows by Henri Gesta (1927)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[30]
  • The Furniture in the ChurchLogo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[31]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques Archived 2014-09-24 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymical Dictionary of communes, Béarn, ed. Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006 ISBN 2-35068-005-3, page 201 (in French)
  3. ^ Google Maps
  4. ^ SANDRE notice on Aast, consulted on 3 March 2009[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ Géoportail Archived 2014-05-04 at the Wayback Machine, IGN, consulted on 14 October 2011 (in French)
  6. ^ Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of place names - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, ed. Archives and Culture ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (in French)
  7. ^ Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees Archived 2014-07-05 at the Wayback Machine, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (in French)
  8. ^ Cassini Map 1750 – Aast Archived 2014-05-04 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Manuscript from 1429 in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  10. ^ Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  11. ^ Arms of France Archived 2013-11-09 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ Website for the Commune of Aast Archived 2013-02-10 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ List of Mayors of France Archived 2014-08-14 at the Wayback Machine (in French)
  14. ^ http://www.lemonde.fr/data/france/presidentielle-2017/
  15. ^ "Statistical Summary by commune, département, and area of employment website of INSEE consulted on 9 September 2009". Archived from the original on 2012-06-04. Retrieved 2013-04-23.
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027123 Fray Farmhouse (in French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027122 Farmhouse at Bayet (in French)Camera aabb.svg
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027121 Houses and Farms (in French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027125 Church of Saint Martin (in French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000012 Processional Lantern (in French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000011 Thurible (in French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000010 Pail for holy water (in French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000009 Painting: Christ on the cross with the Virgin, Saint Madeleine and Saint Martin (in French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000008 2 Paintings: Saint Martin Bishop, and the Charity of St. Martin (in French)
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000007 Statue: Saint Joseph (in French)
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000006 Altar Pulpit (in French)
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000005 Pulpit (in French)
  28. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000004 2 Altars and Tabernacles (in French)
  29. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000003 Main Altar (in French)
  30. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000002 5 stained glass windows by Henri Gesta (in French)
  31. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000001 Furniture in the Church (in French)

External links[edit]