Abu Dawood

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Sulaymān ibn al-Ash‘ath ibn Isḥāq al-Azdī, Abū Dā’ūd al-Sijistānī
أبو داود السجستاني.png
Abu Dawud's name in the style of Arabic calligraphy
Personal
Born817–18 CE
Sistan (Al-Sijistān), Iran
Died889 CE
ReligionIslam
EthnicityPersian
EraIslamic golden age
DenominationSunni Islam
JurisprudenceHanbali
Main interest(s)ḥadīth and fiqh
Notable work(s)Sunan Abī Dāwūd
Occupationmuhaddith
Muslim leader

Abū Dā’ūd Sulaymān ibn al-Ash‘ath ibn Isḥāq al-Azdī al-Sijistānī Arabic: أبو داود سليمان بن الأشعث الأزدي السجستاني‎), commonly known simply as Abu Dawud, was a Persian scholar of prophetic hadith who compiled the third of the six "canonical" hadith collections recognized by Sunni Muslims, the Sunan Abu Dāwūd.

Biography[edit]

Abū Dā’ūd was born in Sijistān,[n 1] and died in 889 in Basra, Iraq. Many scholars believe he was born in Baluchistan, now part of Iran and Pakistan, and later moved to Khurāsān. He traveled widely collecting ḥadīth (traditions) from scholars in Iraq, Egypt, Syria, Hijaz, Tihamah, Nishapur, and Merv among other places. His focus on legal ḥadīth arose from a particular interest in fiqh (law). His collection included 4,800 ḥadīth, selected from some 500,000. His son, Abū Bakr ‘Abd Allāh ibn Abī Dā’ūd (d. 928/929), was a well known ḥāfiẓ and author of Kitāb al-Masābīh, whose famous pupil was Abū 'Abd Allāh al-Marzubānī.[2][3]

School of thought and Quotes[edit]

Imam Abu Dawud was a follower of Hanbali although some have consider him Shafi.[4]

Imam Abu Dawud himself has stated: "From this book of mine four (4) Hadith are sufficient for an intelligent and insightful person.[5] They are:

  • Deeds are to be judged only by intentions.[6]
  • Part of a man's good observance of Islam is that he leaves alone that which does not concern him.
  • None of you can be a believer unless you love for your brother that which you love for yourself.
  • The permitted (halal) is clear, and the forbidden (haram) is clear, between these two are doubtful matters. Whosoever abstains from these doubtful matters has saved his religion."

Works[edit]

Principal among his twenty-one works:

  • Sunan Abu Dāwūd; contains 4,800 hadith – mostly sahih (authenticated), some marked ḍaʿīf (unauthenticated) – usually numbered after the edition of Muhammad Muhyi al-Din `Abd al-Hamid (Cairo: Matba`at Mustafa Muhammad, 1354/1935), where 5,274 are distinguished. Islamic scholar Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani), and some others, believe a number of the unmarked hadith are ḍaʿīf.
  • Kitab al-Marāsīl, lists 600 extensively investigated sahih mursal hadith.
  • Risālat Abu Dāwūd ilā Ahli Makkah; letter to the people of Makkah describing his Sunan Abu Dāwūd.[7]

Early Islam scholars[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ His biographer Ibn Khallikan tells us that 'Sijistān' may refer to Sistan, a province in eastern Iran, or Sijistāna, a village located in a dependency of Basra, Iraq.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Al-Bastawī, ʻAbd al-ʻAlīm ʻAbd al-ʻAẓīm (1990). Al-Imām al-Jūzajānī wa-manhajuhu fi al-jarḥ wa-al-taʻdīl. Maktabat Dār al-Ṭaḥāwī. p. 9.
  2. ^ Nadīm (al-) 1970, pp. 164-6.
  3. ^ Khallikān (Ibn) 1843, p. 590, I.
  4. ^ http://www.islamicencyclopedia.org/islamic-pedia-topic.php?id=54
  5. ^ "Imam Abu Dawud". www.sunnah.org. Retrieved 2016-02-21.
  6. ^ Shahih Al Bukhari, Imam Al Bukthari, Vol.1 Book 1 Hadith 1
  7. ^ Translation of the Risālah by Abū Dāwūd Archived August 19, 2009, at the Wayback Machine

Bibliography[edit]

External Links[edit]