Abadir and Iraja

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Abadir and Iraja (Ter and Erai)
Died Roman era
Venerated in Coptic Church
Major shrine Osjut, Egypt
Feast September 25 (Gregorian Calendar), October 8 (Julian Calendar)

Abadir and Iraja are saints in the Coptic Church.

They are reported to have been children of the sister of Basilides, the father of kings. According to their legendstory, Abadir and Iraja fled from Antioch to Alexandria, were arrested there, brought to Antinoe, and beheaded there with 3,685 companions. These included the following priests:

  • Cluthus, a priest and physician of Antinoe;
  • Apa Paphnutius of Tentyra
  • Apa Isaac of Tiphre
  • Apa Shamul of Taraphia
  • Apa Simon of Tapcho
  • Sissinus of Tantatho
  • Theodore of Chotep
  • Moses of Psammaniu
  • Philotheus of Pemdje
  • Macarius of Fayum
  • Maximus of Vuchim
  • Macroni of Thoni
  • Senuthius of Buasti
  • Simeon of Thou
  • Ptolemaeus, son of the Eparch, and
  • Thomas of Tanphot.

Abadir and Iraja had a church dedicated to them in Osjut in Egypt. Their feast day is on September 25 (Gregorian Calendar) and October 8 (Julian Calendar). The text of their Passion exists in both Sahidic and Bohairic Coptic and fragments can be found at the National Library, Vienna, Wiener Papyrussammlung, K2563 a-l, ed. Orlandi, 1974, the National Library, Paris, Copte 129.16.104 and the Vatican Library, Rome, Copti 63, fols. 1-65, ed. Hyvernat, 1886-1887.[1]

A summary of their lives, commemorated on Tout 28 (October 8), can be found in the Copto-Arabic Synaxarion: http://www.copticchurch.net/synaxarium/1_28.html .


  • Holweck, F. G. A Biographical Dictionary of the Saints. St. Louis, MO: B. Herder Book Co. 1924.

Orlandi, T. "Ter and Erai, Saints." Claremont Coptic Encyclopedia. Claremont: Claremont Colleges. 1991 http://ccdl.libraries.claremont.edu/cdm/ref/collection/cce/id/1818