|Area (% of the state)||0,14%|
|Pop. density:||45.2 inh./km²|
|Official Day:||September 4|
|Name meaning:||Homem Ilustre
|Distance from capital:||508 km|
|Official saint:||Sacred Heart of Jesus
Abaiara is a city in the region of the Cariri, in the state of Ceará, Brazil.
The estimated population in 2010 was 10849 people.
The city was first named, in 1873, "Distrito de São Pedro", as a tribute to the brazilian emperor D.Pedro II. In 1938 the name was changed to "Pedro Segundo". In 1943 the city received it's current name, "Abaiara", this name in tupi means "the lord of men", (still as a reference and tribute to D. Pedro II).
Its history goes back to the 19th century, when two farmers, José Leite da Cunha and José Júlio Sampaio, settled in the area.
The first political event occurred just after the creation of the Distrito da Paz on March 27, 1873. Abaiara was first elevated to the condition of Vila on December 20, 1938 under the name of Pedro Segundo. The name was not very popular with the inhabitants and was soon replaced with the current name on December 30, 1943. Abaiara was elevated to the category of City on March 25, 1957.
The first non-indigenous religious event took place when Father José Antônio de Araújo erected the first church which later became the central point in the city. With the growth of the city and the natural degradation of the first church, it become obvious that a new church was necessary. This second was built next to the first one (to avoid hurting the feelings of the population). The second church was dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of Mary and was made possible due to the actions of José Júlio Sampaio. However the official saint remained Sacred Heart of Jesus.
warm tropical and semi-arid with rainfall of 669 milimeters and concentrated rains between january and april. The mid tempeature are between 30 °C e 18 °C.