Abalá Municipality

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Abalá
Municipality
Church of Abalá, Yucatán
Church of Abalá, Yucatán
Region 2 Noroeste #001
Region 2 Noroeste #001
Abalá is located in Mexico
Abalá
Abalá
Location of the Municipality in Mexico
Coordinates: 20°38′48″N 89°40′47″W / 20.64667°N 89.67972°W / 20.64667; -89.67972Coordinates: 20°38′48″N 89°40′47″W / 20.64667°N 89.67972°W / 20.64667; -89.67972
Country Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
State Flag of Yucatan.svg Yucatán
Government
 • Type PAN logo (Mexico).svg 2012–2015[1]
 • Municipal President Jose Candelario Ac Canche[2]
Area
 • Total 301.45 km2 (116.39 sq mi)
  [1]
Elevation[1] 6 m (20 ft)
Population (2005 [3][4])
 • Total 5,976
Time zone UTC-6 (Central Standard Time)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (Central Daylight Time)
INEGI Code 001
Major Airport Merida (Manuel Crescencio Rejón) International Airport
IATA Code MID
ICAO Code MMMD
Website Official Website

Abalá Municipality (In the Yucatec Maya Language: “Place of the plum juice”) is one of the 106 municipalities in the Mexican state of Yucatán containing (301.45 km2) of land and located roughly 50 km south of the city of Mérida.

History[edit]

After the conquest, during the colonial period, the Municipality of Abalá was founded as an encomienda first for Francisco de Montejo the Younger in 1549 and then in 1607 for Juan de Montejo Maldonado. The right to press the natives into labor then passed in 1632 to Conde-Duque of San Lucas, in 1633 to the Countess of Olivares, in 1699 to Mariana de Guzmán Duchess of Medina Cidoña, and in 1727 to Doña Josefa Díaz Bolio who had control of 211 Indians.[1]

In the modern era, the haciendas Maxal y Kambriche became part of the Muna Municipality on 18 April 1902.

On 20 January 1926, the cocoa farm and ranch Yaxcopoil are incorporated into the town of Umán but a decade later on 17 January 1936, the cocoa farm was restored to Abalá municipality.[1]

Governance[edit]

The municipal president is elected for a three-year term. Four aldermen—Secretary, public works, nomenclature, and ecology—also serve on the town council.[5]

Communities[edit]

The municipality is made up of 7 communities:

Community Population
Entire Municipality (2010) 6,356[6]
Abalá 1797 in 2005[7]
Cacao 261 in 2005[8]
Mucuyché 454 in 2005[9]
Peba 275 in 2005[10]
Sihunchén 336 in 2005[11]
Temozón 716 in 2005[12]
Uayalceh 2122 in 2005[13]

Local festivals[edit]

Every year from 10 to 17 May, Abalá holds a fiesta celebrating the Virgin Mary.[1]

Tourist attractions[edit]

  • Cave/Cenote Kankirixché
  • Hacienda Nuestra Señora de la Soledad Pebá
  • Hacienda San Pedro Ochil
  • Hacienda Temozón Sur
  • Hacienda Uayalceh
  • Hacienda Cacao

Notables[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Municipios de Yucatán » Abalá". Archived from the original on March 23, 2015. Retrieved 6 May 2015.
  2. ^ "Priistas agradecidos" (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: Diario de Yucatán. 12 July 2012. Retrieved 6 May 2015.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "Encyclopedia of the Municipalities of Mexico: Yucatan". Archived from the original on 20 November 2008. Retrieved 1 November 2009.
  4. ^ Census Results by Locality, 2005 Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine. INEGI.
  5. ^ "Abalá". inafed (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: Enciclopedia de Los Municipios y Delegaciones de México. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  6. ^ "Mexico In Figures: Abalá, Yucatán". INEGI (in Spanish and English). Aguascalientes, México: Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI). Archived from the original on 6 May 2015. Retrieved 6 May 2015.
  7. ^ "Abalá". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 6 May 2015.
  8. ^ "Cacao". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 6 May 2015.
  9. ^ "Mucuyché". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 6 May 2015.
  10. ^ "Peba". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 6 May 2015.
  11. ^ "Sihunchén". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 6 May 2015.
  12. ^ "Temozón". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 6 May 2015.
  13. ^ "Uayalceh". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 6 May 2015.