Location of Abangares Canton in Guanacaste Province
|• Total||675.76 km2 (260.91 sq mi)|
|• Density||28/km2 (72/sq mi)|
The canton begins on the coastline of the Gulf of Nicoya north of the mouth of the Río Abangares. It widens between the Río Lajas on the northwest and Río Lagartos on the east as it reaches up into the Cordillera de Tilarán.
The canton of Abangares is subdivided into four districts (distritos):
The canton was established by law on June 4, 1915.
The Abangares canton is home to the oldest gold mining tradition in Costa Rica, dating back over a century. The first major mining operation was Abangares Mining Company, founded in the Tilarán mountains by U.S. railroad, fruit, and shipping magnate Minor C. Keith.
One of the canton's major modern producers of gold, with silver as a by-product, has been the Tres Hermanos mine, which for many years was operated by El Valiente Ascari S.A., a subsidiary of Ariel Resources Ltd. of Vancouver, Canada. That company filed for insolvency in 2001 and abandoned the operation while still owing its workers two months worth of wages. More than 300 families continue to earn a meager living working through an independent local collective that now operates the mine.
A mining museum at La Sierra de Abangares with artifacts from the boom times of Costa Rican gold mining is a major tourist attraction of the canton.
- Instituto Geográfico Nacional (IGN), 2001.
- Estadísticas Vitales 2013 - INEC
- Löding, Torge; Beiersdorf (translator), Dirk M. "Not All Glitters: Corporate gold fever breeds resistance in Central America.". Voces Nuestras. Archived from the original on September 16, 2007. Retrieved September 8, 2007.[dead link]
- Costa Rica Nature Adventures. "Costa Rica History: Post Independence History". To Enjoy Nature. com. Retrieved September 8, 2007.
- Doan, David B. (1996). "THE MINERAL INDUSTRY OF COSTA RICA" (PDF). U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY—MINERALS INFORMATION. U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved 2007-09-08.
- Hutchison, Peter (2001). Costa Rica Handbook: The Travel Guide, First edition. Bath, England: Footprint Handbooks Ltd. p. 223. ISBN 1-903471-06-0.
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