Abarema cochliocarpos

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Abarema cochliocarpos
Abarema cochliacarpos (Gomes) Barneby & J.W.Grimes.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Abarema
Species: A. cochliocarpos
Binomial name
Abarema cochliocarpos
(Gomes) Barneby & J.W.Grimes
Synonyms

Inga nandinaefolia
Mimosa cochliocarpos
Mimosa vago
Pithecellobium avaremotemo
Pithecolobium cochliocarpum[2]

Abarema cochliocarpos is a species of tree in the legume family, Fabaceae. Its common name is barbatimão.[3] It is endemic to Brazil, where it ocurs in Alagoas, Bahia, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte and São Paulo.[1]

There is a coastal form and an inland form of this species. The coastal form can exceed 10 meters in height. The inland form is up to 4 meters tall and has smaller leaflets which are tougher in texture. In coastal areas this tree grows in woodland habitat on sandy substrates. Inland it can be found in scrub, savanna, and disturbed habitat types.[1]

Threats to the species include habitat loss to agriculture and open-pit iron mining; however, the tree occurs in several protected areas and it is relatively widespread.[1]

Extracts of the bark of this native plant is used in Brazilian traditional medicine as an antiseptic, antiinflammatory, and painkiller, and to treat wounds.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Watkinson, G. 2012. Abarema cochliocarpos. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. Downloaded on 26 March 2015.
  2. ^ Abarema cochliocarpos Synonyms. Kew.org
  3. ^ Santos, S. C., et al. (2007). In vitro antimicrobial activity of the extract of Abarema cochliocarpos (Gomes) Barneby & Grimes. Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia 17(2), 215-19.
  4. ^ Silva, N. C., et al. (2009). Antinociceptive effects of Abarema cochliacarpos (B.A. Gomes) Barneby & J.W. Grimes (Mimosaceae). Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia 19(1A), 46-50.