Abbad II al-Mu'tadid

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Abbad II al-Mu'tadid
Dinar almotadid 21881.jpg
Gold dinar issued by Al-Mu'tadid in A.H. 438
Emir of the Seville Taifa
Reign1042–1069
PredecessorAbu al-Qasim Muhammad ibn Abbad
SuccessorAl-Mu'tamid ibn Abbad
BornAl-Andalus
Died28 February 1069
Al-Andalus
Burial
Al-Andalus
ChildrenMu'tamid (son)
Names
Abu ʿAmr ʿAbbad II al-Muʿtadid
(Arabic: المعتضد بالله أبو عمرو عبَّاد)
DynastyAbbadid
FatherMuhammad ibn Abbad
ReligionSunni Islam
Billon dirham of Abbad II al-Mu'tadid, dated AH 439 (AD 1047/48).

Abu ʿAmr ʿAbbad II al-Muʿtadid (Arabic: المعتضد بالله أبو عمرو عبَّاد; died 28 February 1069), a member of the Abbadid dynasty, was the second independent emir of Seville (reigned 1042–1069) in Al-Andalus. His father, Abu al-Qasim Muhammad ibn Abbad, had established the taifa of Seville, and Abbad became its emir when Abu al-Qasim died in 1042. He initially had amicable relations with his neighbour Ferdinand I, Count of Castile and King of León, and tolerated the Christian faith in his own lands. Among other acts of friendship, he authorized the transfer of Saint Isidore's relics from Seville to the Basilica of San Isidoro of León.

ʿAbbad II al-Muʿtadid expanded his territory by conquering numerous Islamic taifas (independent principalities), including those of Mértola (1044–45), Huelva (1051), Algeciras (1055), Ronda (1065) and Arcos (1069). In 1053, he invited a number of minor Berber princes from the south to his palace in Seville, suffocating them to death by treating them to an open steam bath, having first sealed up all of the openings in the bathhouse.[1] He also fought against the Zirids of Granada and the Aftasids of Badajoz, but with no conclusive results. In 1063, when Ferdinand I appeared with an army on the outskirts of Seville, ʿAbbad II al-Muʿtadid was forced to acknowledge his suzerainty and to pay him tribute.

ʿAbbad II al-Muʿtadid died in 1069 and was succeeded by his son, al-Mu'tamid ibn Abbad.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Axelrod, Alan (1995). Dictators and tyrants : absolute rulers and would-be rulers in world history. Facts on File. ISBN 0816028664. OCLC 243807376.

Sources[edit]

  • Ulrich Haarmann, Heinz Halm, ed. (2001). Geschichte der Arabischen Welt. Munich: C.H. Beck.
Preceded by Abbadid emir of Seville
1042–1069
Succeeded by