Abbans-Dessous

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Abbans-Dessous
The Town Hall
The Town Hall
Location of Abbans-Dessous
Abbans-Dessous is located in France
Abbans-Dessous
Abbans-Dessous
Abbans-Dessous is located in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Abbans-Dessous
Abbans-Dessous
Coordinates: 47°08′03″N 5°52′31″E / 47.1342°N 5.8753°E / 47.1342; 5.8753Coordinates: 47°08′03″N 5°52′31″E / 47.1342°N 5.8753°E / 47.1342; 5.8753
CountryFrance
RegionBourgogne-Franche-Comté
DepartmentDoubs
ArrondissementBesançon
CantonSaint-Vit
IntercommunalityLoue-Lison
Government
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Chantal Viprey
Area
1
3.2 km2 (1.2 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
264
 • Density83/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
25001 /25320
Elevation220–315 m (722–1,033 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Abbans-Dessous is a French commune in the Doubs department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region of eastern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Abbanais or Abbanaises.[1]

Note that this commune is not the same as Abbans-Dessus.

Geography[edit]

Abbans-Dessous is located some 20 km south-west of Besançon and 2 km south-east of Osselle. Access to the commune is by road D105 from Byans-sur-Doubs in the south-east passing through the commune and the village and continuing north-east to Boussières. The D466 road goes south-east from the village then north-east to join the D107 at the north-eastern corner of the commune. The commune is mixed forest and farmland.[2]

The commune is situated on the south bank of Le Doubs River where it loops south after flowing from the Jura mountains in Switzerland in a U-shaped course through Besançon before passing along the northern border of Abbans-Dessous then feeding into the Saône River at Verdun-sur-le-Doubs.

Neighbouring Communes and Villages[2][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

Abbans appears in the forms:[3]

  • Habens in 1148;
  • Abans in 1182;
  • Abbans in 1250;
  • Abbans villa in 1252;
  • Abens-la-Ville in 1278;
  • Abbantum in 1297;
  • Abbans in 1368;
  • Abbans-la-Ville in 1629

The name is based on a German man's name Abbo with the Germanic suffix -ing.

History[edit]

The history of Abbans-Dessous (previously called Abbans-la-Ville) can not be separated from that of Abbans-Dessus (previously called Abbans-le-Château). At the lower end is a church surrounded by a cemetery, the priory of Lieu-Dieu, a mill on the Doubs river; at the upper end are the two châteaux - Front and Rear - which preceded their respective villages.[4]

Administration[edit]

A street in Abbans-Dessous

List of Successive Mayors of Abbans-Dessous[5]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2014 Claude Vuaillat
2014 Current Chantel Viprey

(Not all data is known)

Intercommunality[edit]

Abbans-Dessous is a member of the Community of communes of Val-Saint-Vitois which was created on 14 December 2001.[6] It comprises 16 communes namely:

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
2005232—    
2006239+3.0%
2007241+0.8%
2008239−0.8%
2009237−0.8%
2010235−0.8%
2011236+0.4%
2012234−0.8%
2013244+4.3%
2014253+3.7%
2015263+4.0%
2016264+0.4%
Population change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
229 233 238 225 219 226 212 211 199
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
202 191 217 193 202 182 208 210 206
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
186 193 170 128 147 149 136 135 158
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
130 132 112 138 151 174 239 235 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Abbans-Dessous War Memorial

Sites and monuments[edit]

The Priory of Lieu-Dieu
  • The Priory of Lieu-Dieu (11th century) is listed as a historical monument.Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7] The church contains the Tombstone of Jean d'Abbans (knight) (14th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg which is listed as a historical object.[8]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Doubs (in French)
  2. ^ a b Google Maps
  3. ^ Jean COURTIEU, Dictionary of communes in the department of Doubs, CÊTRE, BESANÇON, 1987, Vol. 6 (in French)
  4. ^ Jean COURTIEU, Dictionary of communes in the department of Doubs, CÊTRE, BESANÇON, 1987, Vol. 1 (in French)
  5. ^ List of Mayors of France (in French)
  6. ^ Val-St-Vitois Archived 2013-05-29 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00101434 Priory of Lieu-Dieu (in French)Camera aabb.svg
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM25000001 Tombstone of Jean d'Abbans (in French)