The Town Hall
|• Mayor (2014-2020)||Chantal Viprey|
|3.2 km2 (1.2 sq mi)|
|• Density||83/km2 (210/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||220–315 m (722–1,033 ft)|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Abbanais or Abbanaises.
Note that this commune is not the same as Abbans-Dessus.
Abbans-Dessous is located some 20 km south-west of Besançon and 2 km south-east of Osselle. Access to the commune is by road D105 from Byans-sur-Doubs in the south-east passing through the commune and the village and continuing north-east to Boussières. The D466 road goes south-east from the village then north-east to join the D107 at the north-eastern corner of the commune. The commune is mixed forest and farmland.
The commune is situated on the south bank of Le Doubs River where it loops south after flowing from the Jura mountains in Switzerland in a U-shaped course through Besançon before passing along the northern border of Abbans-Dessous then feeding into the Saône River at Verdun-sur-le-Doubs.
Abbans appears in the forms:
- Habens in 1148;
- Abans in 1182;
- Abbans in 1250;
- Abbans villa in 1252;
- Abens-la-Ville in 1278;
- Abbantum in 1297;
- Abbans in 1368;
- Abbans-la-Ville in 1629
The name is based on a German man's name Abbo with the Germanic suffix -ing.
The history of Abbans-Dessous (previously called Abbans-la-Ville) can not be separated from that of Abbans-Dessus (previously called Abbans-le-Château). At the lower end is a church surrounded by a cemetery, the priory of Lieu-Dieu, a mill on the Doubs river; at the upper end are the two châteaux - Front and Rear - which preceded their respective villages.
List of Successive Mayors of Abbans-Dessous
(Not all data is known)
Sites and monuments
- The Priory of Lieu-Dieu (11th century) is listed as a historical monument. The church contains the Tombstone of Jean d'Abbans (knight) (14th century) which is listed as a historical object.
- Community of Communes of Val-St-Vitois (in French)
- Abbans-Dessous on Lion1906
- Abbans-Dessous on Google Maps
- Abbans-Dessous on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (in French)
- Abans-deßous on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Abbans-Dessous on the INSEE website (in French)
- INSEE (in French)
Notes and references
- Inhabitants of Doubs (in French)
- Google Maps
- Jean COURTIEU, Dictionary of communes in the department of Doubs, CÊTRE, BESANÇON, 1987, Vol. 6 (in French)
- Jean COURTIEU, Dictionary of communes in the department of Doubs, CÊTRE, BESANÇON, 1987, Vol. 1 (in French)
- List of Mayors of France (in French)
- Val-St-Vitois Archived 2013-05-29 at the Wayback Machine
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00101434 Priory of Lieu-Dieu (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM25000001 Tombstone of Jean d'Abbans (in French)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Abbans-Dessous.|