The Town Hall
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Claude Mareschal|
|Area1||4.43 km2 (1.71 sq mi)|
|• Density||69/km2 (180/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||25002 / 25440|
|Elevation||268–470 m (879–1,542 ft)|
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Abbanais or Abbanaises.
Note that this commune is not the same as Abbans-Dessous.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Heraldry and Genealogy of the Squires of Abbans
- 4 Administration
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Sites and monuments
- 7 Notable people linked to the commune
- 8 See also
- 9 Notes and references
Abbans-Dessus is located some 20 km south-west of Besançon and 3 km north of Quingey on the hills between Le Doubs River to the north-west and the Loue river to the south-east in the west of the Doubs department. The D13 road from Byans-sur-Doubs to Chouzelot passes through the south of the commune. Access to the village is by the D107 which branches off the D13 and goes north to the village continuing north to join the D105 north-east of Abbans-Dessous. The commune is long and narrow oriented north-east with bands of forest lining the long borders and the rest of the commune is farmland.
An unnamed stream rises in the south of the commune and flows north to join the Doubs river to join the Doubs river north-east of Abbans-Dessous. Abbans-Dessus is located midway between the Loue and Doubs rivers although it does not border on either river but overlooks the Doubs river.
Neighbouring Communes and Villages
The name Abbans is based on a German man's name Abbo with the Germanic suffix -ing.
The village is built on a rocky outcrop overlooking the forest of Chaux and the Doubs valley. It is likely, in view of its strategic location, that it was a Gallo-Roman oppidum. Abbans-Dessus has a highly visible castle that is well known as the Keep where the Marquis Jouffroy d'Abbans, the inventor of the steamboat, largely conceived his work. There is mention made of the building in 1091. It belonged to the Lords of Abbans, important figures in the region's history. When, at the end of the 13th century, the sons of Philippe d'Abbans inherited the lordship, they created a "Front-Village" and a "Back-Village" The "Back Castle" passed to William and Richard built the "Front Castle" nearby. In 1290 Richard's daughter chose to sell the Front Castle to John I of Chalon-Arlay and in 1297 he granted Abbans a franchise charter.
Abbans-Dessus was a cereal crops and livestock farming area. Viticulture was established in the commune until the 19th century when it was totally eradicated by phylloxera.
Heraldry and Genealogy of the Squires of Abbans
|The House of Abbans (or Habens) took its name from a castle in the Bailiwick of Quingey. It was one of four houses that had right of burial in the Church of Saint-Etienne in the town.
Humbert Abbans (? - after 1134). Marriage and succession: His wife is unknown, he had two sons:
Hubald of Abbans (? - after 1143), Squire and Lord of Abbans.
He was mentioned in a charter of 1143, in which the Pope Lucius II confirmed the rights of the Church of Saint-Madeleine in Besançon: "Dimidium Mansum, in castris Toragii vestre terre, quod expugnastis duello, contra Hubaldum of Habens".
Marriage and succession: His wife is unknown, he had two sons:
- Louis I of Abbans
- Olivier d'Abbans, knight, benefactor of the Cherlieu Abbey in the diocese of Besançon, father of Louis II.
Louis I of Abbans (? - after 1157), Lord of Abbans, knight and squire, he donated to the Abbey Notre-Dame of Billon and was confirmed in 1156. Marriage and succession: His wife is unknown, he had four sons:
- Humbert II
- Thiebaud, (? - before 1190)
- Olivier, abbot of the Monastery of Luxeuil from 1189 to 1201, Vicar-General of the diocese of Besançon in the absence of the Archbishop Thierry II of Montfaucon who left for the Third Crusade during which he died of the plague in 1191
- Otto, who died childless.
Humbert II of Abbans (? - after 1182), Squire and Knight, Lord of Abbans, Purgerot, and Augicour. Marriage and succession: His wife is unknown, he had one son and one daughter:
- Louis II
- Julienne, she married Lambert of Cicon.
Louis II of Abbans (? - after 1235), squire and knight, Lord of Abbans. His seal attached to a deed of gift to the Cherlieu Abbey, of a horse, armed and with a banner in his arms. Marriage and succession: His wife is unknown, he had 3 sons and 3 daughters:
- Richard (? - 1281), Knight, Lord of Abbans, Villers-Saint-Georges, and Noironte.
- Guillaume, a Knight
Philippe of Abbans knight, Lord of Abbans. In 1224 he joined a number of hostages that the Count of Chalon gave to Besancon to guarantee a treaty he had concluded with them. Marriage and succession: He married Richarde, daughter of Richard of Chay and Agnes of Arguel, by whom he had 1 son and 1 daughter:
- Guillemette, the first wife of Henri de Conflandey and her second husband was Hugh de Montferrand.
Guillaume of Abbans (? - before 1336), Squire and Knight, Lord of Abbans. Marriage and succession: He married Isabella (? - after 1300), daughter of Pons of Cicon and Agnes of Pelousey, with whom he had one son:
Amiet of Abbans (? - August 1314), Squire, Lord of Abbans. Marriage and succession: He married Isabella by whom he had that 1 daughter and 1 son:
- Jeanne, she married Henry de Saint-Aubin (circa 1310 - ?), knight
- Jean (? - 1370), Knight and Squire, Lord of Noironte and Châtillon-le-Duc, he married Marguerite, daughter of Thiebaud Belvoir III and Jeanne de Montfaucon, by whom he had a daughter who passed the chateau of Abbans to Guillaume of Arbon. By inheritance the chateau passed to the Joux family, then the Grammonts and the Jouffroys.
List of Successive Mayors of Abbans-Dessus
(Not all data is known)
In 2010 the commune had 307 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1] [Note 2]
Sites and monuments
- The Chateau de Jouffroy d'Abbans (15th and 18th centuries) is best known for its dungeon, where Claude-François-Dorothée, marquis de Jouffroy d'Abbans (1751-1832) devised the first steamboat with paddlewheels.
- Church of the Assumption
- Street with walls covered in flowers
- Lavoir (Public Laundry)
- Genealogical History of the Lords of Salins, Jean-Baptiste Guillaume, Jean-Antoine Vieille, Besancon, 1757, 39 pages (French)
- Roglo, Lord of Abbans (French)
- Communes of the Doubs department
- Community of communes of Val-St-Vitois (French)
- Abbans-Dessus on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
- Abans desous on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Abbans-Dessus on the INSEE website (French)
- INSEE (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- In the census table and the graph, by convention in Wikipedia, and to allow a fair comparison between five yearly censuses, the principle has been retained for subsequent legal populations since 1999 displayed in the census table and the graph that shows populations for the years 2006, 2011, 2016, etc., as well as the latest legal population published by INSEE
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