Abbasabad (fortress)

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Abbasabad was a fortress of strategic importance for the defense of the Nakhichevan khanate.[1]

The attack plan on the Abbasabad Fortress by General Paskevich in 1827

It was built with the help of French engineers by Abbas Mirza in 1810.[2] He appointed Ehsan Khan Kangarlu as commander of the fortress in 1827, during the Russo-Persian War of 1826-1828.[1] During a siege by the Russians, Ehsan Khan secretly arranged for the gates of the fortress to be opened to the Russian commander General Paskevich on 22 July 1827.[1]

During the Russian rule the fortress was abandoned and fell into ruin. The ruins remained until 1970s, when they were buried under the water during construction of the Aras water reservoir.[3]


  1. ^ a b c Ekbal, Kamran. "ABBĀSĀBĀD Fortress". Encyclopedia Iranica. Archived from the original on 29 April 2011. Retrieved 1 February 2009. 
  2. ^ Essence of Abbasabad
  3. ^ (in Azerbaijani) Azadliq. Naxçıvanın Araza gömülən «fransız» qalası

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