Abbasid dynasty

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(Arabic: بنو العباس‎)
Banu Hashim of the Quraysh
Banu Abbas.png
A family tree depicting the ancestry of the Abbasid dynasty.
Descended fromAbbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib, uncle of the Islamic prophet Muhammad

The Abbasid dynasty or Abbasids (Arabic: بنو العباس‎, romanizedBanu Abbas) were an Arab clan descended from Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib, that became the ruling family of the Abbasid Caliphate, and thus the nominal religious heads of the Sunni Muslim world between 750–1258 and 1261–1517.


The Abbasids are descended from Abd Allah ibn Abbas, one of Muhammad's companions (as well as his uncle) and one of the early Qur'an scholars.[1] Therefore, their roots trace back to Hashim ibn 'Abd Manaf and also Adnan in the following line: Abd Allah ibn Al-‘Abbas ibn Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim ibn Abd Manaf ibn Qusai[2] ibn Kilab ibn Murrah ibn Ka'b ibn Lu'ay ibn Ghalib ibn Fihr ibn Malik ibn An-Nadr ibn Kinanah ibn Khuzaima ibn Mudrikah ibn Ilyas ibn Mudar ibn Nizar ibn Ma'add ibn Adnan.[3]

Notable members[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "'Abd Allah ibn al-'Abbas". Encyclopædia Britannica. I: A-Ak - Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, Illinois: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2010. pp. 16. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8.
  2. ^ Armstrong, Karen (2001). Muhammad: A Biography of the Prophet. Phoenix. p. 66. ISBN 0946621330.
  3. ^ Ibn Ishaq; Guillaume (1955). The Life of Muhammad: A Translation of Ibn Isḥāq's sīrat. London. p. 3. ISBN 0195778286. The Paternal Ancestral Lineage of Prophet Muhammad
  4. ^ Axworthy, Michael (2008). A History of Iran. Basic Books. p. 81. ISBN 978-0-465-00888-9. Archived from the original on 2016-03-07. Retrieved 2015-08-08.