Abbasid dynasty

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Banu Abbas
(Arabic: بنو العباس‎)
Banu Hashim of the Quraysh
Banu Abbas.png
A family tree depicting the ancestry of the Abbasid dynasty.
NisbaAbbasi
Descended fromAbbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib, uncle of the Islamic prophet Muhammad
ReligionIslam

The Abbasid dynasty (Arabic: بنو العباس‎, romanizedBanu Abbas) were an Arab clan descended from Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib, that became the ruling family of the Abbasid Caliphate, and thus the nominal religious heads of the Sunni Muslim world between 750–1258 and 1261–1517.

Ancestry[edit]

The Abbasids are descended from Abd Allah ibn Abbas, one of Muhammad's companions (as well as his cousin) and one of the early Qur'an scholars.[1] Therefore, their roots trace back to Hashim ibn 'Abd Manaf and also Adnan in the following line: Abd Allah ibn Al-‘Abbas ibn Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim ibn Abd Manaf ibn Qusai[2] ibn Kilab ibn Murrah ibn Ka'b ibn Lu'ay ibn Ghalib ibn Fihr ibn Malik ibn An-Nadr ibn Kinanah ibn Khuzaima ibn Mudrikah ibn Ilyas ibn Mudar ibn Nizar ibn Ma'add ibn Adnan.[3]

Notable members[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "'Abd Allah ibn al-'Abbas". Encyclopædia Britannica. I: A-Ak - Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, Illinois: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2010. pp. 16. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8.
  2. ^ Armstrong, Karen (2001). Muhammad: A Biography of the Prophet. Phoenix. p. 66. ISBN 0946621330.
  3. ^ Ibn Ishaq; Guillaume (1955). The Life of Muhammad: A Translation of Ibn Isḥāq's sīrat. London. p. 3. ISBN 0195778286. The Paternal Ancestral Lineage of Prophet Muhammad
  4. ^ Axworthy, Michael (2008). A History of Iran. Basic Books. p. 81. ISBN 978-0-465-00888-9. Archived from the original on 2016-03-07. Retrieved 2015-08-08.