|City of Abbeville|
|Founded by||Père Antoine Désiré Mégret|
|Elevation||4.9 m (16 ft)|
|• Estimate (2013)||12,440|
|• Density||805.2/km2 (2,027.7/sq mi)|
|ZIP code||70510, 70511|
- For other communities of the same name, see Abbeville (disambiguation).
Abbeville is a small city in and the parish seat of Vermilion Parish, Louisiana, United States, 150 miles (240 km) west of New Orleans and 60 miles (97 km) southwest of Baton Rouge. It is the principal city of the Abbeville Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Vermilion Parish. It is also part of the larger Lafayette–Acadiana Combined Statistical Area. The population was 12,257 at the 2010 census.
Formerly called La Chapelle, the land that was to become Abbeville was purchased by founding father Père Antoine Désiré Mégret (Père is French for 'Father'), a Capuchin missionary, on July 25, 1843, for $900. There are two theories as to how the town was named. The theory that was generally accepted as correct states that Mégret named the town after his home in France. The second theory that cannot be discounted states that it was a combination of "Abbe" for Abbé Mégret and "ville" the French word for town – thus Abbé's town. Some support for the second theory could be found in the fact that the town in France is pronounced "Abbville" by its denizens. However, in 1995, Fr. Jean Desobry discovered in the diocesan archives of Amiens the proof of Mégret's birthplace. In the archive was found the dossier of Fr. Antoine Jacques Désiré Mégret, and that he was born on May 23, 1797, at Abbeville and was to become founder of Abbeville in Louisiana. Dr Mary-Theresa MacCarthy states in her article Un Autre Abbeville in the 1996 edition of Bulletin de la Société des Antiquaires de Picardie (translation by Father Herbert),
On February 12, 1844, the pastor gave to his American town the name of the town of his birth. The residents find this name especially fitting because of the French word abbé which means father [or priest] added to the French word ville [which means town]. Their Abbeville is truly la ville de l'abbé [the priest's town].
The residents that settled the town were descendants of the Acadians from Nova Scotia that had moved to the area around 1766 to 1775. It was incorporated in 1850. There were two people living on the land at that time, Joseph LeBlanc and his wife Isabelle Broussard, whose former home Father Megret converted into a chapel. The chapel burned in 1854, and St. Mary Magdalen Catholic Church now stands at the same location.[better source needed]
Father Megret modeled his original plan for the village after a French Provincial village. In a map he made in 1846, the town was 38 to 40 acres (160,000 m2) in size. It was bounded on the north by St. Victor Boulevard, on the south by Lafayette Boulevard, on the east by "the Sisters of Charity," and on the west by Bayou Vermilion. At this point in time the town was called “Abbville”.
At the center of downtown is Magdalen Square, which is accented by large oak trees, a fountain, and gazebo. A statue in memory of Father Megret stands in the square. Megret's Chapel was destroyed by fire in 1854, and in its place, in 1910, was built St. Mary Magdalen Church. In 1856, the Last Island Hurricane destroyed every building in the town.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 5.7 square miles (14.7629 km2), of which, 5.7 square miles (15 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (0.53%) is water.
Abbeville is the southern terminus of U.S. Highway 167. Abbeville Municipal Airport is in the eastern part of the town. The Vermilion River runs through downtown, and numerous canals and coulies go through other parts of Abbeville.
Abbeville is an agricultural trade and processing center for rice, sugarcane, dairy products, and seafood, in particular crawfish, alligator, and crab. The oil and natural gas fields off the coast in the Gulf of Mexico are serviced by companies throughout the region, Abbeville included. Chemical products and some consumer goods are manufactured locally. It also is an important producer of the aforementioned sugarcane and rice, along with cotton and locally sold corn. Within the city is a large open-kettle sugarcane syrup mill.
|Climate data for Abbeville, Louisiana|
|Average high °F (°C)||63.9
|Average low °F (°C)||43.2
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||5.1
|Source: Weatherbase |
As of the census of 2000, there were 11,887 people, 4,698 households, and 3,014 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,027.7 people per square mile (805.2/km²). There were 5,257 housing units at an average density of 907.3 per square mile (350.2/km²).
The ethnic makeup of the Abbeville was 54.29% White, 38.56% African American, 0.19% Native American, 5.50% Asian, 0.39% from other races, and 1.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.93% of the population. In 2000, 76.0% of the population over the age of five spoke English at home, 16.5% of the population spoke French or Cajun, and 5.5% spoke Vietnamese.
There were 4,698 households out of which 60.34% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.35% were married couples living together, 24.44% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.72% were non-families. 31.55% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.32% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.20.
The population was 28.74% under the age of 18, 9.55% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.57% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.6 years. For every 100 females there were 86.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.98 males. The median household income was $29,202, and the median family income was $37,197. Males had a median income of $33,985 versus $19,258 for females. The per capita income was $17,546. About 23.0% of families and 24.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.7% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over.
In 2010 Abbeville had a population of 12,257. The racial and ethnic makeup of the population was 50.4% non-Hispanic white, 41.0% black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 5.2% Asian, 1.5% non-Hispanic of some other race, 2.0% reporting two or more races and 3.1% Hispanic or Latino.
- Elementary Schools
- Eaton Park Elementary
- Herod Elementary
- Mount Carmel Elementary School (Parochial) (Grades PK–8)
- Middle Schools
- J.H.Williams Middle School
- High Schools
- Abbeville High School
- Vermilion Catholic High School (Parochial)
- Lighthouse Christian Prep. (Parochial)
Abbeville is the home of HHC (headquarters company), 2nd Battalion, 156th Infantry (mech.), of the Louisiana Army National Guard. The 2nd Battalion served with the 256th Infantry Brigade ("The Tiger Brigade") during Operation Iraqi Freedom in 2004–2005.
Abbeville is home to multiple festivals:
- Daylily Festival and Garden Show
- Giant Omelette Celebration
- Les Lumieres du Village d'Abbeville
- Louisiana Cattle Festival
- Vermilion Carousel of Arts
Avery Island, which contains a bird sanctuary and a salt dome, is 24 kilometres (15 mi) southeast of town. Just east of town in Erath, is the Acadian Museum, and the Abbey Players' Theater is located in town.
Abbeville is home to numerous historic buildings that have been periodically added to the National Historic Register. Starting in 1987, the Abbeville Commercial Historic District, in the area surrounded by Concord, State, Lafayette, and Jefferson Streets, was added to the register. That same year, the Abbeville Residentail Historic District was created between W. Oak, State, Cherry, and the Vermilion River. St. Mary Magdalen Church, Rectory, and the Cemetery were added the following year. In the 1990s, the Ovide Broussard House, Chauviere House, Gordy House, Lyons House, and the Caldwell House were all added, in addition to the Downtown Abbeville Historic District, which is bounded by State, 1st, Pere Megret, and Concord St and the Vermilion Bayou. Finally, just before the turn of the century, the Richard Cattle Auction Barn and the St. Mary Congregational Church were both added. In the vicinity, just north of town is A La Bonne Veillee which was added back in 1984.
- Robert Angers (1919–1988), journalist born in Abbeville, founded Acadiana Profile magazine.
- Allen Bares (1936–2008), represented Lafayette Parish in both houses of the Louisiana State Legislature from 1972 to 1992; Vermilion Parish native.
- George A. Caldwell (1892–1966), building contractor convicted in the Louisiana Hayride scandals of 1939-1940; born in Abbeville.
- Bobby Duhon, (born 1946), professional American football player.
- Bobby Charles Guidry (1938–2010), songwriter and musician, wrote See You Later Alligator & Walking to New Orleans; born in Abbeville.
- Sammy Kershaw, (born 1958), a Country music artist, born in nearby Kaplan, resides in Abbeville.
- Dudley J. LeBlanc, (1894-1971), businessman and politician who made a fortune in the 1950s in the patent medicine Hadacol, lived most of his life and died in Abbeville.
- Anthony Levine, (born 1987), professional American football player; born in Abbeville.
- Gerald Long, (born 1944), state senator from Natchitoches; formerly resided in Abbeville
- Charlton Lyons, (1894-1973), considered the "Father of the Republican Party in Louisiana", born near Abbeville.
- Brandon Mitchell, (born 1975), former professional American football player; born in Abbeville.
- George Petty (1894–1975), pin-up artist; born in Abbeville.
- Deb Richard, (born 1963), golfer, winner of five LPGA Tour tournaments.
- Roy R. Theriot (1914–1973), born in nearby Erath; Mayor of Abbeville (1954–1960); Louisiana state comptroller (1960–1973); founder of the Dairy Festival (now known as the Cattle Festival).
- Sam H. Theriot (born 1954), member of the Louisiana House of Representatives from 1979 to 1996; former Vermilion Parish clerk of court; educator and Abbeville native.
- Donald Trahan (born 1950), member of the Louisiana House of Representatives from 2004 to 2008 for Lafayette and Vermilion parishes; born in Abbeville
- Koryn Hawthorne (born 1997), contestant and finalist on the Season 8 of the hit reality competition The Voice (U.S. TV series). Hawthorne would make it to the finale coming in 4th place on May 19, 2015.
Abbeville is one of the main locations in the TV Series True Detective.
- U. S. Census Bureau 2015a
- Anon 2014
- Hoiberg 2010, p. 11
- Johnston 1997, p. 8
- Anon 2015
- Theall 1996
- Lawson 2015
- U. S. Census Bureau 2015
- Anon 2015a
- Cohen 1998, p. 3
- Lagassé et al. 2000, p. 2
- Anon 2015b Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- U. S. Census Bureau 2012, pp. 44–45
- U. S. Census Bureau 2012, p. 173
- U. S. Census Bureau 2012, p. 284
- Anon 2000
- U. S. Census Bureau 2014
- U. S. Census Bureau 2012, pp. 104–105
- Anon 2010a
- Anon 2011a
- Anon 2011
- Anon 2015c
- Anon (2015). "Abbeville (city), Louisiana". quickfacts.census.gov. US Department of Commerce. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
- Anon (April 1, 2015a). "All States 20150401" (Text). United States Board on Geographic Names. United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
- Anon (2015b). "Abbeville, Louisiana". Weatherbase. Great Falls, VA: Canty Media. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
- Anon (2015c). "Donald Trahan's Biography". Vote Smart. Project Vote Smart. Archived from the original on May 21, 2015. Retrieved May 20, 2015.
- Anon (2014). "Vermilion Parish, LA". National Association of Counties. Washington, DC: National Association of Counties. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
- Anon (2011). "Bobby Duhon". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Football Encyclopedia of Players. Philadelphia, PA: Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
- Anon (2011a). "Listed Properties as of October 1, 2011" (XLS). National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Archived from the original on May 10, 2015. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
- Anon (2010). "Census of Population and Housing". United States Census Bureau. U.S. Department of Commerce. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
- Anon (2010a). "Vermilion Parish School District 2014-2015" (PDF). Vermilion Parish Schools. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
- Anon (2000). "Abbeville, Louisiana". Modern Language Association. MLA Language Map Data Center. Modern Language Association. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
- Cohen, Saul B., ed. (1998). "Abbeville". The Columbia Gazetteer of the World. 1: A to G. New York, NY: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-11040-5. LCCN 98071262.
- Hoiberg, Dale H., ed. (2010). "Abbeville". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1: A-ak Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, IL: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. ISBN 978-1-5933-9837-8. LCCN 2008934270.
- Hudson, George Donald, ed. (1959). Encyclopædia Britannica World Atlas. Chicago, IL: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
- Johnston, Bernard, ed. (1997). "Abbeville". Collier's Encyclopedia. I: A to Ameland (1st ed.). New York, NY: P. F. Collier. LCCN 96084127.
- Lagassé, Paul; Goldman, Lora; Hobson, Archie; Norton, Susan R., eds. (2000). "Abbeville". The Columbia Encyclopedia (6th ed.). New York, NY: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-7876-5015-3. LCCN 00-027927.
- Lawson, Bill (2015). "Abbeville City Historical Markers". Stopping Points. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved May 11, 2015.[better source needed]
- Theall, Gary E. (1996). www.vermilionhistorical.com "The Naming of Abbeville" Check
|url=scheme (help). Vermilion Historical Society. Topics in History. Abbeville, LA: Vermilion Historical Society. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
- U. S. Census Bureau (March 24, 2015). "National Places Gazetteer Files (2014)" (Text). United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 10, 2015. Retrieved May 10, 2015.
- U. S. Census Bureau (2015a). city, Louisiana/POPULATION/PEP_EST "Community Facts: Abbeville City, Louisiana" Check
|url=scheme (help). American FactFinder. U. S. Department of Commerce. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
- U. S. Census Bureau (2014). "Selected Economic Characteristics: Abbeville City, Louisiana". American FactFinder. U. S. Department of Commerce. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
- U. S. Census Bureau (July 2012). Louisiana: 2010: Summary Population and Housing Characteristics, CPH-1-20 (PDF). Washington, DC: U. S. Government Printing Office.
- City of Abbeville, Louisiana
- Abbeville Walking Tour on Louisiana Main Street
- Vermilion Parish Tourist Commission
- Vermilion Historical Society
- Abbeville Cultural and Historical Alliance