Abbey Rader

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Abbey Rader
Abbey Rader - PAX Concert 10-31-2012.jpg
Background information
Born (1943-10-14)October 14, 1943
New Brunswick, New Jersey, U.S.
Genres Avant-garde jazz, free jazz, spiritual
Occupation(s) Musician
Instruments Drums
Years active 1961–present
Labels Abray
Website www.abbeyrader.com

Abbey Rader (October 14, 1943) is an American avant-garde jazz drummer. Throughout his childhood and his early career, he worked in the New York City, where the loft jazz,[1] bebop, and free jazz movement formed his musical expressions. He later played and taught across Europe in the 1970s and 1980s, and then returned to North America to create music that combines his free jazz, martial arts, and Buddhist spiritual roots. He has recorded over 25 albums as a leader/composer thus far in his career, and has worked with Dave Liebman, John Handy, Billy Bang, Dr. L. Subramaniam, and Mal Waldron in a career spanning over four decades.[2][3][4]

Rader's album, First Gathering was named one of the "Best of 2015".[5] It's the first album from his West Coast Quartet with Peter Kuhn, Kyle Motl and Drew Ceccato. His album, Reunion, was released on July 23, 2016[6] and is a recording of his live October 31, 2012 performance at PAX: Performing Arts Exchange in Miami, FL. This was a fully improvised performance including Kidd Jordan, John McMinn, Kyle Motl, and Noah Brandmark.[7] The Message, was released in August 2014[8] and is a recording of his live January 2014 radio performance on Evenin' Jazz with the Real Tracy Fields at WLRN Miami.[9] The Message was named one of the "Best of 2014" by Avant Music News.[10] Prior to this, his quartet featuring John McMinn, Noah Brandmark and Kyle Motl released their second recording, Reach for the Skies a runner-up for Album of Year in 2013.[11][12][13] Their first effort, Live at PAX, was named one of the "Best of 2012".[14] In 1999, Abbey Rader's Ballistics of Yin and Yang, was awarded as one of the year's best jazz albums, "providing a glimmer of hope that the art form will live on into the next millennium".[15]

Biography[edit]

Early education[edit]

Abbey Rader was born in New Brunswick, New Jersey and raised in the Bronx where he moved when he was six months old. His introduction to drumming began early, as his father was a band leader and drummer. Rader started playing traditional jazz gigs in the early 1960s, typically piano/bass/drum or saxophone/organ/drum trios, which exposed him to a variety of musicians that subtly influenced his style.

His education went beyond musicality into spirituality. Rader met drummer Clarence "Scoby" Strohman while playing opposite the Marin Rivers trio. Strohman introduced Rader to books like Light on the Path by Mabel Collins and Paramahansa Yogananda's The Autobiography of a Yogi, which helped begin Rader's spiritual journey. Rader recalls an anecdote that touched his confidence as well. "My music reading skills were not very good, but Scoby had lots of faith in me. He stood behind me on the bandstand one night as I started to play acts with lots of music to read. Scoby said, "That's not a problem for you. That's nothing for you." I played remarkably well that night. I said to Scoby, "Did you see those difficult charts I read?", and he said he couldn't read a note. So I learned something else about the spiritual power and the power of the mind."[16]

Rader recalls that hearing John Coltrane's quartet with Elvin Jones at the Half Note Club was a moment that changed his musical expression to improvisation and searching for the union between mind, spirit, and body.[17]

Living in Europe[edit]

The free jazz in style at the time influenced Rader. He started playing in the mid-70s loft jazz movement, which led him to create his first album as a band leader, a recording entitled The Thing. He decided that to continue to play his free style of music, moving to Europe would provide opportunities not available in the U.S. With nothing but a drum set and $500, he traveled to London and later published The Thing for Atmosphere Records while in Paris.[18]

From France, he moved to Germany, initially playing with Bob Lenox in Lenox's rock and funk pieces. His desire to continue playing free jazz brought Rader to drumming with George Bishop in improvised duet performances. In the 1980s, he worked with alto saxophonist, John Handy; violinist, L. Subramaniam; and bassist, Sigi Busch. Handy encouraged Rader to play powerfully, asking him to play drum solos behind his saxophone as they toured Europe. Later, Rader spent five years in the Gunter Hampel Big Band that included Jeanne Lee and Marion Brown. Rader's next lesson came from playing with Mal Waldron and Marc Levin, a NYC friend, on trumpet. As Rader described, Mal often helped Rader put life's tribulations in perspective and encouraged him to play freely, to transform the energy he might be feeling by channeling it into his drumming.[17]

During this time, Rader started his Abbey Rader's Right Time band. He recorded several times with this band and established record label Abray Productions.[19][20] He also became a touring clinician for Sonor and Tosco (later Sabian, see: UFIP) cymbals, and taught at multiple universities in Germany. During his teaching, he frequently featured improvisational artists he worked with to teach how to improvise on music tracks a band may play.[21]

Returning to America[edit]

Rader met his wife and raised two sons in Germany, and then moved to South Florida in 1989. In the 1990s and 2000s he recorded with David Liebman, putting out four CDs together. He then spent nearly five years with violinist Billy Bang in the Jazz Doctors. In this group, Rader replaced recently deceased Dennis Charles; other band members included Frank Lowe on saxophone and bass player Ed Schuller. While doing a sound check for the Vision Festival in memory of Dennis Charles, Rader had the fortune of meeting Billy Higgins. Higgins was getting the stage ready for a drum choir and encouraged Rader to get his drum set, after which they began an impromptu drum performance. Later, Rader recorded "One for Jazz" with Bang and Lowe in Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn, NY. He spent much of his time touring the East Coast of the U.S, including Charleston, South Carolina, Atlanta, Georgia, and the Zeitgeist Art Center in New Orleans, Louisiana.[22]

Most recently, Rader has been performing with John McMinn, Noah Brandmark, Kyle Motl, and Kidd Jordan.[23][24]

These experiences, and his current performances, continue to influence Abbey Rader's style of music. He draws on his traditional jazz roots to create a "circular feeling...[with] a lot of polyrythmn between cymbals, bass drum, and snare drum", which he employs to play with other musicians to free himself from the original way of drumming and ultimately himself.[16][25]

Rader has recorded and performed with Laurindo Almeida, Billy Bang, George Bishop, Marion Brown, Cameron Brown, Sigi Busch, Marty Cook, Roy Cumming, Herman Foster, Joe Gallivan, Philip Gelb, Rainer Glas, Mack Goldsbury, Gunter Hampel, John Handy, Luc Houtkamp, Leonard Jones, Kidd Jordan, Peter Kuhn, Jeanne Lee, Bob Lenox, Marc Levin, David Liebman, Frank Lowe, Keshavan Maslak, Ron McClure, Kim Mikkelson, Peck Morrison, Peter Ponzol, Ed Schuller, Ken Simon, Dr. L. Subramaniam, Mal Waldron, David Wertman, Joerg Widmoser, Leszek Zadlo, and Joe Zeytoonian.[26]

Spiritual influence[edit]

In 1975, Rader met the venerable Reverend Sheng-yen, who would become his lifetime teacher and recurring influence in all aspects of his life. Through his Buddhist studies under Sheng-yen, Rader received Dharma name Guo Hsing, meaning "fruit of good fortune".[27] Rader's practice involved many week-long retreats both at the Temple of Enlightenment in Queens, New York and as one of 130 on November 19, 2006 at Dharma Drum Retreat Center, both founded by Sheng-yen. His studies included Ch'an meditation that is focused on clearing the mind and embracing impermanence.

Rader incorporated these practices in his style of improvised music. As explained by Rader, in an Avant Music News interview, "in music, if you have the technique well built...and want to improvise freely, you must empty your mind to...interplay spontaneously with the other musicians and allow the music to come through you. This to me is the correlation between the freer music and the Buddhist empty mind practice."[16]

Martial arts influence[edit]

In New York City's East Village in 1964, Rader started studying Nisei Goju Ryu an Okinawan form of Karate at the University of the Streets. His teachers were grandmaster Frank Ruiz and John Giordano. Lessons included vow making, bowing and traditional meditation practices to focus the mind. By the early 1970s, Rader achieved a black-belt level, and started studying under Rick "The Fireman" Joslin (a frequent performer at "The World of Martial Arts" show put on by Aaron Banks). His training then took on a "street-style" of self-defense without the use of traditional uniforms or colored belt achievements.[27]

In the early 2000s, Rader started practicing Qigong and Taiji under the tutelage of Wei Zhong Foo and Dororthy Chong. He then continued his studies at the International Buddhist Progress Society Temple under Robert Cheng. Rader later took over teaching at this Temple after Cheng departed.

Rader's next teacher was Chen Ji Fan and after years under his instruction and at his encouragement, Rader began teaching Yang-style T'ai chi ch'uan, standing (Zhan Zhuang) meditation, and sitting meditation, starting his Fearless Mind School.[28] Rader states that he is inspired by these practices to enter a state of "empty mind", which allow him to embrace spontaneity in life and music.[17][29]

Teaching[edit]

Rader taught the first jazz drumming course at several universities in Germany during the 1980s. His teaching concentrated on rudiments to enable students to develop the facility to independently move their hands and feet. Each class had at least two drum sets where Rader and the students would play together, trading fours and eights, learning about song form and melodic playing. Rader exposed students to other forms of music (like blues and his experience with jazz and lounge bands), often introducing them to saxophone or trumpet players he's worked with, to expand their musical knowledge and fidelity.[1]

He has taught at Detmold Hochschule, Einbeck Musikhochschule, TU Göttingen, and TU Braunschweig.[30]

Discography[edit]

A chronological list of released records and CDs featuring Abbey Rader:[31][32][33][34][35]

2000–present[edit]

  • It's Time
    • Peter Ponzol, Abbey Rader
    • ABRAY Productions, 2016
  • Reunion
    • Abbey Rader Quartet with Kidd Jordan
    • ABRAY Productions, 2016
  • First Gathering
    • Abbey Rader West Coast Quartet
    • ABRAY Productions, 2015
  • The Message[8]
    • John McMinn, Noah Brandmark, Abbey Rader
    • ABRAY Productions, 2014
  • Reach for the Skies[12]
    • John McMinn, Noah Brandmark, Kyle Motl, Abbey Rader
    • ABRAY Productions, 2013
  • Live at PAX
    • John McMinn, Noah Brandmark, Kyle Motl, Abbey Rader
    • ABRAY Productions, 2012
  • Suite Rhythm
    • John McMinn, Harold Staples, Joe Zeytoonian, Abbey Rader
    • ABRAY Productions, 2004
  • Cosmos[36]
  • One for Jazz
  • Open Friends
    • Noah Brandmark, Abbey Rader
    • ABRAY Productions, 2001
  • Space Between Worlds
  • Inner Voices Live[36]
  • Soundscapes
    • Peter Ponzol, Marilynn Seits, Abbey Rader
    • CMR Jazz Records, 2000

1990–1999[edit]

  • Echoes
  • The Ballistics of Yin and Yang
  • The Spirit Inside Us
  • Inner Voices
  • Mystic Journey
    • Philip Gelb, Abbey Rader
    • ABRAY Productions, 1997
  • The Ferryman’s Release
    • Richard Brookens, Michael Moses, Abbey Rader
    • Rivers of Time Productions, 1997
  • Southern Arrival
    • Joe Zeytoonian, Myriam Eli, Kenny Millions, Abbey Rader
    • Third Stream Music, 1995
  • Suburban Utopic
  • Homecoming

1978–1989[edit]

  • Brush Off
    • Magic Cube Europe, 1987
  • Live at the Holstebro Jazz Festival
    • "Abbey Rader’s Right Time"
    • ABRAY Productions, 1983
  • The Last Retreat
    • Ken Simon, Abbey Rader
    • ABRAY Productions, 1983
  • Songs of Street and Spirit
    • Marc Levin, Abbey Rader
    • Sweet Dragon Records, 1982
  • European Childbirth
    • Sweet Dragon Records, 1981
  • Call on Blue
    • Omnibus, 1979
  • The Thing
    • IRI, 1978
  • Prism
    • Peter Ponzol, Joe Gallivan, Abbey Rader
    • Vinyl Records, 1978

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Fish, Scott K (January 1984). "Portraits: Abbey Rader". Modern Drummer. 8 (1): 56, 58. 
  2. ^ "Artist Biography - Abbey Rader". Zildjian. Retrieved August 6, 2014. 
  3. ^ Weinberg, Bob (April 10, 2012). "Generations Quartet: Under the radar, under the overpass". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved August 6, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Abbey Rader- Biography". abbeyrader.com. Retrieved August 6, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Avant Music News Best of 2015". Avant Music News. July 8, 2015. Retrieved July 27, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Abbey Rader from New York". Artist Trove. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  7. ^ Malagodi, Stephen (November 17, 2012). "Abbey Rader Quartet with Kidd Jordan - Live in Miami". You Tube. Retrieved 27 Jul 2016. 
  8. ^ a b Attarian, Hrayr (August 26, 2014). "Abbey Rader: The Message (2014)". All About Jazz. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  9. ^ Fields, Tracy. "Evenin' Jazz with Tracy Fields". WLRN.org. WLRN Miami. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  10. ^ "Avant Music News Best of 2014". Avant Music News. December 15, 2014. Retrieved July 27, 2016. 
  11. ^ "Avant Music News Best of 2013". Avant Music News. December 17, 2013. Retrieved August 24, 2014. 
  12. ^ a b Attarian, Hrayr (December 24, 2013). "Abbey Rader: Reach for the Skies (2013)". All About Jazz. Retrieved August 15, 2014. 
  13. ^ Corroto, Mark (December 18, 2013). "Abbey Rader: Reach for the Skies (2013)". All About Jazz. Retrieved August 15, 2014. 
  14. ^ Borella, Mike (December 3, 2012). "Avant Music News Best of 2012". Avant Music News. Retrieved August 6, 2014. 
  15. ^ Weinberg, Bob (December 22, 1999). "Countdown to Ecstasy - Tipping a Cap to the Century with the Year's Best Jazz CDs". 
  16. ^ a b c Borella, Mike (October 25, 2013). "AMN Interviews: Abbey Rader". Avant Music News. Retrieved August 6, 2014. 
  17. ^ a b c "Abbey Rader: Get Free, A Documentary Film". Retrieved October 26, 2014. 
  18. ^ "Interview: Abbey Rader". Drums and Percussion Magazine. June 1982. 
  19. ^ Weiland, Chris (February 1993). "International Experience Helps Drummer Give Jazz a New Spin". Sun Sentinel. 
  20. ^ "Abray Productions - Abbey Rader". Retrieved August 17, 2014. 
  21. ^ Balthorn, Angela (June 1999). "The Drum is a World". Jazzthetik. 
  22. ^ Weinberg, Bob (December 1, 1999). "Below the Radar: Drummer Abbey Rader has to Keep Moving to Keep Moving". City Link. 
  23. ^ "Abbey Rader's Generations Quartet with Kidd Jordan". All About Jazz. Retrieved 24 August 2014. 
  24. ^ "Kidd Jordan Abbey Rader Quartet". Miami Herald. Retrieved 24 August 2014. 
  25. ^ Getterlman, Parry (November 1997). "Mystic Journey has Serene Spiritual Quality". Orlando Sentinel. 
  26. ^ "ProMark". promark.com. Retrieved 6 August 2014. 
  27. ^ a b "Biography: Martial Arts & Buddhism - Abbey Rader". Retrieved August 15, 2014. 
  28. ^ "Fearless Mind School". abbeyrader.com. Retrieved August 6, 2014. 
  29. ^ Feller, Stephen (August 11, 2010). "Jazz drummer, martial artist leads Fearless Minds" (PDF). The Forum. 31 (32). p. 1. Retrieved July 31, 2014. 
  30. ^ "Marco Minnemann". drumsontheweb.com. Retrieved August 6, 2014. 
  31. ^ "Discography - Abbey Rader". AllMusic. Retrieved August 6, 2014. 
  32. ^ "Discography". abbeyrader.com. Retrieved August 6, 2014. 
  33. ^ "Abbey Rader". CD Baby. Retrieved August 6, 2014. 
  34. ^ "Abbey Rader". Discogs. Retrieved August 6, 2014. 
  35. ^ "Abbey Rader West Coast Quartet". Retrieved July 20, 2015. 
  36. ^ a b "DVDS". daveliebman.com. Retrieved August 6, 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Preira, Matt (August 10, 2011). "Free-Jazz Gurus Abbey Rader and John McMinn Get Wild at PAX August 24". Miami New Times. 
  • Minsker, Mark (April 25, 2011). "Special Feature: Remembering a Moment in D.C with the Late Billy Bang, a Fiery Jazz Violin Master". CapitalBop.com. Retrieved July 30, 2014. 
  • Weinberg, Bob (January 2, 2002). "In the Moment". City Link. 
  • Rader, Abbey (2000). "Playing Free". Modern Drummer. 24 (7-12): 118.  Abbey Rader on playing improvised music
  • Bettine, Michael (September 1999). "Abbey Rader: Freemaster". Modern Drummer. 
  • Jazzpodium   (June 1999)
  • "Rader-Schwartz Interview". Jazzthing. April 1999. 
  • Die Welt   (February 25, 1999)
  • Berliner Morgenpost   (February 23, 1999)
  • Weinberg, Bob (September 1997). "And the Beat Goes On". City Link. 
  • New Times Magazine   (February 1993)
  • "Billboard Limited". Jazz Journal. 1992. 
  • Jazzpodium   (July 1982)
  • Radio Station Appearances and Interviews: WPRK/FM, Orlando – November 23, 1997; WLRN Radio, Miami – October, 1997; KDSU/FM, North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota – September, 1997; WUSB/FM, SUNY Stonybrook, New York – September 11, 1997