Abbey Wood railway station
|Local authority||London Borough of Bexley and Royal Borough of Greenwich|
|Managed by||Elizabeth line|
|Number of platforms||4|
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|Original company||South Eastern Railway|
|Pre-grouping||South Eastern and Chatham Railway|
|30 July 1849||Opened|
|2 March 2016||Crossrail station opened, South Eastern only|
|24 May 2022||Elizabeth line opened|
|WGS84||51°29′28″N 0°07′17″E / 51.4910°N 0.1214°ECoordinates: 51°29′28″N 0°07′17″E / 51.4910°N 0.1214°E|
|London transport portal|
Abbey Wood is a National Rail station in Abbey Wood in southeast London, England. It is between Plumstead and Belvedere stations on the North Kent Line. It is 11 miles 43 chains (18.6 km) measured from London Charing Cross, with services to central London routed via Greenwich or Lewisham, and Elizabeth line services to Paddington via Canary Wharf and Liverpool Street. The station is managed by Transport for London with passenger services provided by Southeastern, Thameslink and the Elizabeth line. It is the closest railway station to the suburb of Thamesmead, which is connected to the station by local buses. The station platforms are located in the Royal Borough of Greenwich with the station entrance in the London Borough of Bexley.
It was opened on 30 July 1849 by the South Eastern Railway, whose operations were handed over to the South Eastern and Chatham Railway in 1899. It became part of the Southern Railway under the grouping of 1923. The line then passed on to the Southern Region of British Railways on nationalisation in 1948. When BR was divided into sectors in the 1980s the station was served by Network SouthEast until the privatisation of British Railways.
During the 1860s William Morris famously used a decorated wagon to commute between this station and his new home at Red House, Bexleyheath, occasionally with his eccentric and artistic house guests.
The ticket office at Abbey Wood was APTIS-equipped by November 1986, making it one of the first stations with the ticketing system which was eventually found across the UK at all staffed British Rail stations by the end of the 1980s.
The station was to be served by the proposed Greenwich Waterfront Transit, however the project was cancelled by Mayor of London Boris Johnson owing to lack of funds.
Abbey Wood is the terminus of one of two eastern branches of the Elizabeth Line and offers interchange between terminating Elizabeth Line services (at 12 trains per hour on new line) and existing Southeastern and Thameslink services.
The Elizabeth Line provides a link north west to ExCeL London and Canary Wharf, then onwards to the city centre, Heathrow Airport and Reading.
The first station opened with the line in 1849 and was a typical South Eastern Railway brick building with metal platform shelters.
The station has been rebuilt twice over the past 50 years to cater for the changing nature of the area. In 1987 a new station was constructed which, in 2014, was replaced by Network Rail with an interim station whilst the new Crossrail station was constructed. The new station opened on 23 October 2017. It was designed by architects Fereday Pollard and includes step free interchange between platforms and bus connections with the Harrow Manorway, a dual carriageway which runs next to the ticket hall.
Services at Abbey Wood are operated by Southeastern and Thameslink using Class 376, 465, 466, 700 and 707 EMUs.
The typical off-peak service in trains per hour is:
- 4 tph to London Cannon Street (2 of these run via Greenwich and 2 run via Lewisham)
- 2 tph to Luton via Greenwich
- 2 tph to Barnehurst, returning to London Cannon Street via Bexleyheath and Lewisham
- 2 tph to Gravesend
- 2 tph to Rainham via Chatham
During the peak hours, the station is served by an additional half-hourly circular service to and from London Cannon Street via Sidcup and Lewisham in the clockwise direction and via Greenwich in the anticlockwise direction.
Elizabeth line services began calling at Abbey Wood on 24 May 2022 and all services are operated using Class 345 EMUs.
The typical off-peak service in trains per hour is:
- 2 tph to Heathrow Terminal 4
- 2 tph to Heathrow Terminal 5
- 4 tph to Maidenhead of which 2 continue to Reading
The Elizabeth line did not not initially run on Sundays, but a Sunday service was introduced on 6 November 2022.
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|
|Preceding station||Elizabeth line||Following station|
towards Reading or Heathrow Airport Terminal 4 or Terminal 5
|South Eastern and Chatham Railway|
London Buses routes 180, 229, 244, 301, 469, 472, B11, school routes 602, 669 and night route N1 serve the station.
An extension of the London Overground Gospel Oak to Barking line from Barking across the river to Thamesmead and Abbey Wood was proposed in August 2015. The section from Barking to Barking Riverside opened in summer 2022, but there are no current plans to extend the line further towards Abbey Wood. Rather than this, in 2019 Transport for London and City Hall proposed an extension of the Docklands Light Railway (DLR) to serve Thamesmead as part of the proposed Thamesmead and Abbey Wood OAPF (Opportunity Area Planning Framework). A DLR extension was chosen due to lower connectivity benefits of an Overground extension, the low frequency (4 trains an hour) of the Gospel Oak to Barking line, and — most significantly — a construction cost twice as much as the DLR, as the gradients required to cross the River Thames would require large scale tunnelling works when compared to the DLR. Despite making this recommendation, the consultation also noted that an extension of the Gospel Oak to Barking line could provide good orbital transport links in the long term.
As of 2021 there were proposals to extend some Elizabeth Line services further east to Gravesend and Hoo Junction; the route is safeguarded and would use one of the two terminating tracks at Abbey Wood onto either existing National Rail tracks (upgraded for AC) or a separate 4-track line. Another proposal is continuing Elizabeth line services to Ebbsfleet International along existing tracks, although those lines are congested and may delay the Elizabeth line services.
Alphabetically, it is the first National Rail station in the UK, with the last being Ystrad Rhondda railway station in south Wales.
- ^ "London and South East" (PDF). National Rail. September 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 March 2009.
- ^ a b c d e "Estimates of station usage". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
- ^ "Crossrail: Elizabeth line due to open on 24 May". BBC News. 4 May 2022.
- ^ "Boris Spins Another Cancellation". Boris Watch. 31 March 2009. Retrieved 8 June 2012.
- ^ David Glasspool (2007). "Abbey Wood". Kent Rail. Retrieved 29 March 2007.
- ^ "Abbey Wood's New Station Building Is Now Open". Crossrail Press Office. 23 October 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
- ^ "Abbey Wood Station + Crossrail South East Spur". Retrieved 29 April 2022.
- ^ Table 200, 201 National Rail timetable, December 2022
- ^ "Elizabeth line to open on 24 May 2022". Crossrail Ltd. 4 May 2022.
- ^ "Elizabeth Line Timetable" (PDF). Transport for London. Retrieved 6 November 2022.
- ^ "Buses from Abbey Wood" (PDF). TfL. 14 May 2022. Retrieved 14 May 2022.
- ^ "Thamesmead & Abbey Wood Extension". 11 August 2015. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
- ^ "Barking Riverside extension".
- ^ "Improvements and Projects - Barking Riverside extension". Transport for London. Retrieved 12 October 2021.
- ^ "Workshops about the future of Thamesmead and Abbey Wood opened to public". News Shopper. Retrieved 17 April 2020.
- ^ "Thamesmead and Abbey Wood OAPF - OAPF Transport Strategy - December 2019 Draft" (PDF). Greater London Authority. December 2019. Retrieved 17 April 2020.
- ^ "Abbey Wood to Hoo Junction". Crossrail. Retrieved 8 June 2012.
- ^ "Crossrail, London". Railway Technology. 15 June 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2012.
- ^ Dave Arquati. "Crossrail". alwaystouchout.com. Archived from the original on 10 April 2010. Retrieved 8 June 2012.
- Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7.
- Jowett, A. (2000). Jowett's Nationalised Railway Atlas. Atlantic Publishing. ISBN 978-0-906899-99-1.
- Train times and station information for Abbey Wood railway station from National Rail
- The remodelled exterior of Abbey Wood station Image at Crossrail, London
- fereday pollard
- marks barfield
- Abbey Wood station on navigable O.S. map
- Rail transport stations in London fare zone 4
- DfT Category C2 stations
- Railway stations in the London Borough of Bexley
- Railway stations in the Royal Borough of Greenwich
- Former South Eastern Railway (UK) stations
- Railway stations in Great Britain opened in 1849
- Railway stations served by Southeastern
- Railway stations served by the Elizabeth line
- 1849 establishments in England
- Railway stations served by Govia Thameslink Railway