Abbeys and priories in Hampshire

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Abbeys and priories in Hampshire lists abbeys, priories, friaries or other monastic religious houses in Hampshire, England.

Overview[edit]

Hampshire, and especially the city of Winchester had many important and influential monasteries, especially those Benedictine houses of royal foundation such as the Priory of St Swithun and Newminster. The county was also rich in alien priories, probably because the county was readily accessible from the continent and Normandy. The Cistercians considered the New Forest remote enough for a foundation at Beaulieu and its daughter house at Netley. In addition, all four orders of the mendicant friars established houses in Winchester, one of only a handful of cities where all four orders were present. There were six houses of Austin Canons but only one of Premonstratensian Canons. The Carthusians and Gilbertines had no presence in the county. The Knights Templar owned property but had no establishments, and the Knights Hospitaller had only one preceptory at North Baddesley.

There were hospitals for the accommodation and relief of poor wayfarers, the sick and infirm at Winchester, Southampton, Portsmouth, Basingstoke and Fordingbridge. And colleges at Marwell, Winchester and Basingstoke.

The main table includes abbeys, priories and friaries, including alien houses, monastic granges, cells, and camerae[disambiguation needed] of the military orders of monks (Templars and Hospitallers). Hospitals and colleges are listed separately.

Locations[edit]

Abbeys and priories in Hampshire is located in Hampshire
Winchester
Winchester
Southampton
Southampton
Andover Priory
Andover Priory
Andwell Priory
Andwell Priory
Baddesley Preceptory
Baddesley Preceptory
Beaulieu Abbey
Beaulieu Abbey
Breamore Priory
Breamore Priory
Christchurch Priory
Christchurch Priory
Ellingham Priory
Ellingham Priory
Godsfield Preceptory
Godsfield Preceptory
Hamble Priory
Hamble Priory
Hayling Priory
Hayling Priory
Mottisfont Abbey
Mottisfont Abbey
Netley Abbey
Netley Abbey
Pamber Priory
Pamber Priory
Portchester Priory
Portchester Priory
Romsey Abbey
Romsey Abbey
Selborne Priory
Selborne Priory
Southwick Priory
Southwick Priory
Titchfield Abbey
Titchfield Abbey
Wherwell Abbey
Wherwell Abbey
Wintney Priory
Wintney Priory
Map of the locations of the pre-dissolution abbeys and priories in Hampshire, England

Map key[edit]

Thick lined square.svg Towns with more than one order
Green pog.svg Benedictine
Blue pog.svg Augustinian Canons
Red pog.svg Cistercian
Orange pog.svg Tironensian
White pog.svg Premonstratensian Canons
Purple pog.svg Knights Hospitaller
Black pog.svg Other

Winchester[edit]

  • Black pog.svg Austin Friary
  • Black pog.svg Dominican Friary
  • Black pog.svg Carmelite Friary
  • Black pog.svg Franciscan Friary
  • Green pog.svg Winchester Cathedral Priory
  • Green pog.svg Hyde Abbey
  • Green pog.svg St Mary's Abbey

Southampton[edit]

  • Black pog.svg Franciscan Friary
  • Blue pog.svg Southampton Priory

Abbeys, Priories and Friaries[edit]

Description of table[edit]

Foundations are listed alphabetically.

Communities/provenance: shows the status and communities existing at each establishment, together with such dates as have been established as well as the fate of the establishment after dissolution, and the current status of the site.

Alt. Name: some of the establishments have had alternative names over the course of time. In order to assist in text-searching such alternatives in name or spelling have been provided.

Formal Name/dedication: shows the formal name of the establishment or the person in whose name the church is dedicated, where known.

References: presents links to online references to the particular establishment in addition to the general printed and online references given at the foot of this article. Establishments for which online references have not been specified are referred to within the printed references listed.

Location: provides a link to the geographical position of the site of the foundation where established. Where the location has been established the location is pinpointed (dependent on the available resolution of the map data), otherwise the general location is given in italic.


Foundation Image Communities & Provenance Formal Name or Dedication
& Alternative Names
Appuldurcombe House Historical county location. See entry under Isle of Wight
Alton Abbey * Alton Abbey - geograph.org.uk - 98814.jpg Anglican Benedictine monks
founded 1895; extant
The Abbey of Our Lady and Saint John
Andover Priory Benedictine monks
alien house: dependent on St-Florent-de-Saumur;
founded before 1087, church of St Mary granted to St-Florent by William the Conqueror, confirmed by the Pope 1146;
dissolved c.1414;
alienated to Winchester College
St Peter

Blessed Virgin Mary
Andwell Priory Tironensian monks
alien house: daughter of Tiron
founded between 1100 and 1135 (during the reign of Henry I) by Adam de Port of Maplederwell;
dedicated 1215/38 by John, Bishop of Ardfert (officiating for Peter des Roches, Bishop of Winchester);
dissolved 1391; granted to Winchester College
The Blessed Virgin Mary (or St John the Baptist?)
Baddesley Preceptory # Knights Hospitaller
transferred from Godsfield;
Hospitallers manor and estate of Godsfield here before 1167; transferred here before/c.1355;
dissolved 1540; granted to Sir Nicolas Trockmorton 1539/40;
house named 'Baddesley Manor' built on site
North Baddesley Preceptory;
South Badeisley Preceptory
Barton Priory Historical county location. See entry under Isle of Wight
Beaulieu Abbey ^ BeaulieuAbbey.jpg Cistercian monks
transferred from Faringdon, Berkshire
daughter of Citeaux;
founded 2 November 1203 (1204) by John;
dissolved 1538; granted to Thomas Wriothesley Esq. 1538/9;
now part of Beaulieu Palace, in private ownership with public access
The Abbey Church of Saint Mary, Beaulieu
____________________
Bellus Locus Regis;
De Bello Loco Regis;
(Royal Beaulieu);
abbatia quae vocitatur Bellus Locus
Breamore Priory Augustinian Canons Regular
founded 1128-33 by Baldwin de Reveriis and his uncle Hugh;
dissolved 1536; granted to Henry, Marquis of Exeter 1536/7;
Elizabethan manor house (1536) on site
The Priory Church of the Holy Trinity, Saint Mary and Saint Michael, Breamore
____________________
Bromere Priory
Breamore Minster ? large pre-Conquest church suggested to have been a minster 10th century — evidence lacking St Mary
Carisbrook — St Mary's Priory Historical county location. See entry under Isle of Wight
Christchurch Priory Historical county location. See entry under List of monastic houses in Dorset
Damerham Monastery Saxon monastery
founded before 880-5; community mentioned in Alfred's will;
land granted to Glastonbury, Wessex (Somerset) after 944-6
Eling Monastery ? possible site of ancient monastery under Abbot Cimberth (Cynebert), (alternatively at Redbridge);
founded c.680; strong evidence that the current Parish Church of St Mary, substantially restored 1863, was the pre-conquest minster, possibly Reodford/Redbridge
possibly Reodford Monastery;
possibly Nursling Monastery
Ellingham Priory Benedictine monks
alien house: cell, dependent on of St-Sauveur-le-Vicomte
founded 1160, church of St Mary and land granted by William de Solariis to build a cell;
dissolved 1414; granted to Eton College 1462
Church of Saint Mary

Church of All Saints
Farnborough Abbey * FarnboroughAbbey.JPG Premonstratensian Canons
cell founded 1887;
French Benedictine 1895;
raised to abbey status 1903;
English Benedictine
cell of Prinknash, Gloucestershire 1947;
priory 1969;
independent community 1980;
extant
The Abbey Church of Saint Michael the Archangel, Farnborough
Fordingbridge Preceptory ? St Mary the Virgin, Fordingbridge - geograph.org.uk - 30922.jpg Knights Templar
built 12th century on site of Saxon church;
church owned by Templars, possible preceptory — lacking positive identification;
transferred to Knights Hospitallers 1308-12;
intact non-parochial chapel incorporated into present parochial church
Godsfield Preceptory Knights Hospitaller
founded before/c.1171;
transferred to North Baddesley 1355; chapel on site c.1360-70
Hamble Priory Tironensian monks
alien house: daughter of Tiron
founded between 1109 and 1140 by William Giffard, Bishop of Winchester;
dissolved 1391; granted to Winchester College
Priory of St Andrew, Hamble
____________________
Hamble-en-le-rys;
Hamblerice;
Hamble-le-Rice
Hayling Priory Benedictine monks
alien house: daughter of Jumièges
founded after/c.1067 ("by King William, and afterwards by King Henry I"), land granted by William the Conqueror;
part of estate (possibly including church and conventual buildings) inundated by the sea 1324-5 and 1340;
dissolved 1413; granted to Arundel College 1541/2; granted to the Carthusians at Sheen, Surrey (Greater London);
site is now beneath the sea — a number of locations suggested as being the main site
Halling Priory;
Hailing Priory
Marwell 'Priory' Augustinian Canons Regular
founded 13th century by Henry de Blois, Bishop of Winchester;
secular college for four priests, of whom one was titled 'prior';
dissolved after 1540; granted to Sir Henry Seymore 1551
SS Stephen, Laurence, Vincent and Quintin, Martyrs
____________________
Merewell Priory;
Merewelle Priory
Mottisfont Abbey ^ Mottisfont Abbey, Hampshire.jpg Augustinian Canons Regular
founded 1201 (13th century) by William Brimere
dissolved 1536; granted to William, Lord Sandys 1536/7;
remains now incorporated into a mansion named 'Mottisfont Abbey' built 1538-40
The Priory Church of the Holy Trinity, Mottisfont
____________________
Mottisfont Priory;
Motisfont Priory
Netley Abbey NetleyAbbey.jpg Cistercian monks
daughter of Beaulieu
founded 25 July 1239, projected by Peter des Roches, Bishop of Winchester on land granted by him before 1238; co-founder with Henry III;
dissolved 1536; granted to Sir William Paulet 1536/7;
(EH)
The Abbey Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint Edward the Confessor, Netley
____________________
Locus Sancti Edwardi
(Lieu-Saint-Edward);
Nettely Abbey
Nursling Monastery ? Benedictine monks
founded 8th century by St Boniface;
destroyed in raids by the Danes c.878;
'The Walls' reputedly the site of monastery;
although argued that the monastery was at Romsey;
inconclusive evidence of pre-Conquest foundation from excavations during 1982
possibly Redford Monastery;
Reodford Monastery
Pamber Priory + Priory Church, Pamber - geograph.org.uk - 146956.jpg Benedictine monks
alien house: daughter of St Vigor, Cerisy (Cerisy-le-Forêt);
founded 1100 (c.1120-30);
dissolved 1135;
dissolved 1414; granted to St Julian's Hospital, Southampton;
granted to Queen's College, Oxford 1446 and continues in that ownership;
priory church extant
St Mary and St John the Baptist
____________________
Monk Sherborne Priory;
Sherborne Priory
Portchester Priory + Church within Portchester Castle.jpg Augustinian Canons Regular
founded 1128-9(1133), by William de Pont de l'Arche(d'Arch), chamberlain and sheriff of Hampshire, with the assistance of Henry I within the walls of the castle;
site soon proved unsuitable;
transferred to Southwick c.1145;
dissolved 7 April 1538; granted to John White 1538/9;
priory church in parochial use as the Parish Church of St Mary
St Mary
____________________
Porchester Priory
Portsmouth Blackfriars projected house for Dominican Friars (1225) establishment never implemented
Quarr Abbey, medieval Historical county location. See entry under Isle of Wight
Quarr Abbey Historical county location. See entry under Isle of Wight
Redbridge Monastery founded c.680; possible site of ancient monastery under Abbot Cimberth (Cynebert), though more likely at Eling Reodford Monastery
Romsey Abbey + RomseyAbbey.jpg nuns
probably founded c.907 by Edward the Elder or by Ethelwold, Saxon nobleman
Benedictine nuns
refounded 967 by King Edgar;
dissolved 1539; granted to John Bellow and R. Pigot 1546/7;
church now in parochial use
The Abbey Church of Saint Mary and Saint Elfleda, Romsey
____________________
Rumesey Abbey
Ryde — St Cecilia's Abbey Historical county location. See entry under Isle of Wight
St Cross Priory Historical county location. See entry under Isle of Wight
St Helen's Priory Historical county location. See entry under Isle of Wight
Sapalanda Monastery possible monastery, possibly from Winchester Cathedral Priory
Selborne Priory Augustinian Canons Regular
founded 1233–34 by Peter des Roches, Bishop of Winchester (charter dated 20 January 1233/4, confirmed by Pope Gregory IX September 1235);
dissolved 1484: house financially and physically dilapidated;
annexed by Magdalen College, Oxford 11 September 1484 (confirmed 1485)
Priory Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Southampton — Greyfriars Franciscan Friars
founded before 1235;
Observant Franciscan Friars
refounded 1498;
dissolved 1534;
Augustinian Friars
founded 1534;
dissolved 1538; granted to John Pollard 1544/5; granted to Arthur Darcy 1551
Southampton Austin Friars
Southampton — St Denys's Priory St Denys Priory, remnants on Priory Avenue.jpg Augustinian Canons Regular
founded 1127 (1124) by Henry I;
dissolved 1536; granted to Francis Dawtrey 1538/9
St Denis Priory;
St Denys by Southampton Priory
St Leonard's Grange Cistercian monks
grange and chapel dependent on Beaulieu;
founded 13th century
Southwick Priory Church within Portchester Castle.jpg Augustinian Canons Regular
(community founded at Portchester c.1128-9 (or 1133));
transferred here 1145, built 1145-53 (indulgences granted by the Archbishop of Canterbury to establish the canons at Southwick);
dissolved 7 April 1538
Our Lady of Southwick
Temple Southington Preceptory Knights Templar
founded before 1240;
dissolved before 1308
Temple Preceptory;
Sotherington Preceptory
Titchfield Abbey Titchfield Abbey.jpg Premonstratensian Canons — from Halesowen, Worcestershire (West Midlands)
daughter of Halesowen;
founded 1232-3 by Peter des Roches (Peter de Rupibis), Bishop of Winchester;
dissolved December 1537; granted to Thomas Wriothesley 1537;
converted into a mansion named 'Palace House' by 1542, much of which demolished 1781; (EH)
The Abbey Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint John the Evangelist, Titchfield
____________________
Tychfield Abbey
Ventnor Priory Historical county location. See entry under Isle of Wight
Wherwell Abbey # Benedictine nuns
founded c.986 by Elfrida, widow of King Edgar, probably on site of Saxon minster;
dissolved 21 November 1539;
country house named 'The Priory' built on site mid-18th century, immediately to the south-east of the abbey church
The Abbey Church of the Holy Cross and Saint Peter, Wherwell
____________________
Whrewell Abbey
Winchester — St Augustine's Friary, possible earlier site ~ Augustinian Friars (under the Limit of Oxford)
founded before 1300 possibly on a site outside the city wall; in 1342 the Pope instructed the Bishop of Winchester to allow the friars to move from their premises to a site they had procured within the city wall 1341; the Pope sanctioned the move in 1346 (see immediately below)
Winchester — St Augustine's Friary ~ Augustinian Friars (under the Limit of Oxford)
(community founded before 1300 possibly on a site outside the city wall (see immediately above))
transfer sanctioned by the Pope 1346;
dissolved 1538;
house named 'The Friary' built in the vicinity of the site
Winchester Blackfriars Dominican Friars (under the Visitation of London)
founded c.1231 (before 1235);
dissolved 1538
Winchester Greyfriars Franciscan Friars (under the Custody of London)
founded 1237;
dissolved 1538; granted 1543/4
St Francis
Winchester Whitefriars Carmelite Friars
founded before 1268 (1278) by Peter, rector of St Helen's, Winchester;
dissolved 1538
Winchester — Hyde Abbey HydeAbbey.jpg Benedictine monks
(community founded at New Minster 901);
transferred from New Minster, (see immediately below), 1110 (1109);
dissolved 30 April 1539; granted to Richard Bethel 1545/6
New Minster
Winchester — New Minster secular canons
founded 901 by Edward the Elder, site granted by Alfred the Great;
Benedictine monks
refounded 964;
transferred to new site at Hyde (see immediately above) 1110 (1109)
The New Minster
Winchester — Nunnaminster Abbey # StMary'sAbbeyWinchester.jpg Benedictine nuns
founded c.902 (c.900 / 9th century) by Alfred the Great and his queen Ealhswith; completed before 908 by Edward the Elder
refounded and rededicated 963 by Bishop Ethelwold;
rededicated 1108;
destroyed in the siege of Winchester;
rebuilt 1141;
dissolved 15 November 1539; granted to John Bello and John Broxholme 1546/7
St Mary
____________________
Nunnaminster Abbey;
St Mary's Abbey
Winchester — St Swithun's Priory WinchesterOldMinster.jpg fictitious accounts of very early foundation;
Saxon monastery
built before 642-3 by King Cenwealh;
Benedictine monks
founded 648;
episcopal diocesan cathedral
founded c.662/3: see split from Dorchester;
damaged in raids by the Danes 860 and 879;
repaired;
demolished 1093-4 when the East end of the new cathedral church was completed (see immediately below)
The Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity, Saint Peter and Saint Paul in Winchester

The Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity, Saint Peter, Saint Paul and Saint Swithun in Winchester
____________________
Old Minster
Winchester Cathedral Priory + WinchesterCathedral-west-wyrdlight.jpg secular canons
founded c.942–1064: built 1079-1094 by Wakelin, Bishop of Winchester;
Benedictine monks
founded 964;
dissolved 1539;
episcopal diocesan cathedral
founded 8 April 1093; extant
The Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity, Saint Peter, Saint Paul and Saint Swithun in Winchester
Wintney Priory Cistercian nuns
founded before 1200 (during the reign of William the Conqueror) by the son of Peter Jeffrey;
dissolved 1536; granted to Richard Hill, Esq., Sergeant of the King's Cellar 1538/9;
18th-century Wintney Farmhouse on site
Priory of the Blessed Virgin and St Mary Magdalene, Wintney
____________________
Winteney Priory

Abbreviations and key[edit]

The sites listed are ruins unless indicated thus:-
* indicates current monastic function
+ indicates current non-monastic ecclesiastic function
^ indicates current non-ecclesiastic function
# indicates no identifiable trace of the monastic foundation remains
~ indicates exact site of monastic foundation unknown
Trusteeship denoted as follows:-
NT National Trust
EH English Heritage
LT Landmark Trust
Other abbreviations
trns transferred
rmv removed
c. circa (about)
ante before
post after
fd. founded
dis. dissolved

Hospitals[edit]

Colleges and collegiate churches[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]