Abbot House, Dunfermline

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Abbot House seen from the grounds of Dunfermline Abbey

Abbot House is a heritage centre located on the Maygate in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland. It lies in the shadow of Dunfermline's great abbey church. Located in a building with a 16th-century core,[1] Abbot House offers a view of Scotland's history from early beginnings through the 19th century, provided to visitors by guided tour. The heritage centre closed in August 2015 after attempts, by Abbot House Heritage Centre Trust, to find alternative funding for the centre failed.[2]

In March 2016 it was announced that the Carnegie Dunfermline Trust had taken over ownership of Abbot House, and that they intend to re-open the building to the public.[3] In November 2016 it was announced that Fire Station Creative had been earmarked as the preferred operator, although plans had yet to be finalised and no indication of a possible re-opening date was given.[4] In May 2017 it was reported that a re-opened Abbot House would provide a cafe, restaurant, meeting rooms and suites, and that it was the intention to re-open the cafe "as soon as possible".[5]

In July 2018 the Carnegie Dunfermline Trust provided an update which stated that 70% of the funding for reopening Abbot House had been secured.[6]

History[edit]

As the oldest surviving building within Dunfermline town, and a survivor of the Great Fire of Dunfermline in 1624,[7] the building is indicative of the changing styles of Scottish architecture from the 16th to the 20th centuries.

The earliest phase of the house was a two-story rectangular block of at least two storeys, built into the existing precinct wall. This house incorporated a small Z-plan tower house. The tour of the house reveals many early features of the changing form of the house, including crow-stepped gabling from an early exterior wall within the 'Industrial Room', and a number of excavated fireplaces and ranges now within the cafe area.

Highlights include a frescoed wall painting, dated to 1571, which may depict scenes from a middle-Scots translation of Virgil,[8][page needed] in the principal room of the first floor of the house, as well as a 14th-century tracery window.

Trial excavations were begun in the garden of the house in 1988, followed by further work in 1992, and again in 1993 and 1994, excavating eleven separate areas in total.[9] Excavations within the garden in the 1990s revealed various finds, including a very large dog, likely a deer or wolfhound, that measured approximately 86 cm at the shoulder.[10] Other finds included a selection of medieval glazed and unglazed pottery sherds, costume fittings and personal accessories, and ironwork. Two ceramic 'counters', associated with medieval and early modern games and gambling, and a selection of clay pipes, were found on site. Early coinage, from the 14th to the 17th century, was also discovered.[11]

Motto[edit]

Motto 'Sen vord is thrall' on front of Abbot House

The front of the house bears the motto 'Sen vord is thrall and thocht is fre : Keip veill thy tonge I coinsell the' (Since word is enthrallment and thought is freedom : keep well thy tongue I counsel thee) (see illustration).

The motto was set there for Robert Pitcairn, Commendator of Dunfermline (d 1584).[12]

Facilities[edit]

Abbot House closed to the public in 2015. Facilities in Abbot House previously included a shop and a cafe, together with interactive activities for children and families. It is intended that Abbot House reopen with a cafe, restaurant, meeting rooms and suites. No date has been set for its reopening.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Site Record for Dunfermline Abbey, 21 Maygate, Abbot's House Abbot Street; Dunfermline Heritage Centre; Abbot House Details
  2. ^ "End of an era as Abbot House closes". Dunfermline Press. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  3. ^ "Abbot House set to reopen after Carnegie Dunfermline Trust regains ownership". Dunfermline Press. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
  4. ^ "Abbot House could be turned into restaurant, deli, artists' space and accommodation under new proposals from Fire Station Creative". Dunfermline Press. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
  5. ^ "Doors open to new future for Dunfermline heritage hub". The Courier.co.uk. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
  6. ^ "Plans for the historic Dunfermline site 'in good hands'". Dunfermline Press. 27 July 2018. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  7. ^ Russel Coleman, 'Excavations at the Abbot's House, Maygate, Dunfermline', Tayside and Fife Archaeological Journal (vol 2: 1996), p.70
  8. ^ Bath, Michael (2003). Renaissance decorative painting in Scotland. National Museums of Scotland. ISBN 978-1-901663-60-0.
  9. ^ Russel Coleman, 'Excavations at the Abbot's House, Maygate, Dunfermline', Tayside and Fife Archaeological Journal (vol 2: 1996), p.75
  10. ^ Russel Coleman, 'Excavations at the Abbot's House, Maygate, Dunfermline', Tayside and Fife Archaeological Journal (vol 2: 1996), p.87
  11. ^ Nicholas M McQ Holmes, 'Excavations at the Abbot's House, Maygate, Dunfermline: Coins and a Jeton', Tayside and Fife Archaeological Journal (vol 2: 1996), p.102
  12. ^ Johnson, Norman M. (December 2007). "A Brief Guide to Dunfermline Abbey". David's Nave, Interior. Scot Sites. Archived from the original on 14 December 2013. Retrieved 29 September 2012.

External links[edit]

56°04′13″N 3°27′47″W / 56.070395°N 3.463143°W / 56.070395; -3.463143