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A picture of Abbottabad city taken in 1907
|• Total||1,967 km2 (759 sq mi)|
|• Density||450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PKT (UTC+5)|
|Number of Union Councils||51|
|Number of Tehsils||2|
|Languages (1981)||92.32% Hindko
Abbottabad District (Urdu: ضلع ایبٹ آباد) also spelled Abbotabad is in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. The district covers an area of 1,969 km2 with the city of Abbottabad being the principal town. Neighbouring districts are Mansehra to the north, Muzaffarabad to the east, Haripur to the west, and Rawalpindi to the south.
Origin of name
In 1822 Ranjit Singh sent a large force under General Amar Singh Majithia, to subdue the troublesome tribes of Hazara, which was defeated by the Karlals, killing Amar Singh. From 1822 to 1845 the Karlal tribe fought many battles with Sikhs and was able to retain its independence throughout the Sikh period. In 1844 Lahore Darbar sent a large force under Diwan Mulraj and Hari Singh to subdue the Karlal country. Taking advantage of the terrain, the Karlals were able to defeat the Sikh army at Nah, killing more than 150 Sikh soldiers. Despite of the Sikh Empire holding parts of lower Hazara, including some Karlal territory, the Karlal tribe paid no tribute to the Sikh Empire and remained Independent.
During British rule Abbottabad became the capital of Hazara division, which was named after and contained the Hazara valley, a small valley in the outermost Himalayas, between the Indus in the west and Kashmir in the east.
The current Abbottabad District was originally a tehsil of Hazara, the Imperial Gazetteer of India described it as follows:
|“||Tahsīl of Hazāra District, North-West Frontier Province, lying between 33°49' and 34° 22' N. and 72°55' and 73° 31' E., with an area of 715 square miles (1,850 km2). It is bounded on the east by the Jhelum, which divides it from Pūnch and the Punjab District of Rawalpindi; and it comprises part of the mountain valleys drained by the Dor and Harroh rivers, together with the hill country eastward. The hill-sides to the north and north-east are covered with timber forest. The population in 1901 was 194,632, compared with 175,735 in 1891. It contains the towns of ABBOTTABAD (population, 7,764), the tahsil and District headquarters, and NAWASHAHR (4,114); and 359 villages. The land revenue and cesses amounted in 1903-4 to Rs. 97,000.||”|
The population counted in 1998 census was 881,000. According to an estimate this had risen to 1.05 million in 2008. according to the old Hazara gazetteers the main tribes here are the Karlal(Sardar) Turks ,Dhunds Tanolis, Awans, Jadoons, (a section of the Dhund-Abbasi), Qureshi, Mughals, Gujjars, Syed and Satti.
According to the 1981 census data for Abbottabad tehsil, 95% of the population have Hindko as their first language, while Punjabi and Urdu account for 1.7% and 0.9% respectively. The local variety of Hindko is Kaghani.
Parks and protected areas
Under the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Wildlife (Protection, Preservation, Conservation and Management) Act of 1975, two areas have been designated with the district: Ayubia National Park and Qalanderabad game reserve. Both areas cover only 6% of the landed area of the district.
The Ayubia National Park was established in 1984, this park covers an area of over 3,312 ha.
The Qalanderabad game reserve was established in 1980 with an area of 8,940ha.
Abbottabad district is divided into two tehsils, Abbottabad and Havelian as well as one urban administration area – Nawanshehr. There are fifty-one Union Councils in the district, 35 in Abbottabad tehsil and 16 in Havelian.
Abbottabad was the centre of the Sooba Hazara movement that started after national assembly passed 18th amendment to change the name of province from North West Frontier Province (NWFP) to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The former governor of the province has been vocal in this opposition to the new name
According to the Alif Ailaan Pakistan District Education Rankings 2015, Abbottabad is ranked 31 out of 148 districts in terms of education. For facilities and infrastructure, the district is ranked 72 out of 148.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Abbottabad District.|
- "Abbottabad District at a Glance". Islamabad: Population Census Organization. Archived from the original on January 2, 2012. Retrieved 3 March 2012.
- Stephen P. Cohen (2004). The Idea of Pakistan. Brookings Institution Press. p. 202. ISBN 0815797613.
- Geography of District Abbottabad Archived November 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- IUCN Pakistan (2004). Abbottabad – State of the environment and Development. IUCN Pakistan and Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa: Karachi, p. 2.
- Hazara – Nordisk familjebok
- Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 5, p. 1
- District Profile: Northern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa – Abbottabad Archived May 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- ELECTIONS 2002 (Hazara Division) – Daily times Pakistan Archived June 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
- 1981 District Census report of Abbottabad. District Census Report. 24. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 1983. p. 76. The data for "mother tongues" (defined as the language of communication between parents and children) was collected at the level of the household.
- IUCN Pakistan (2004). Abbottabad – State of the environment and Development. IUCN Pakistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: Karachi, p. 50.
- 2008 Elections – ELECTION COMMISSION OF PAKISTAN
- Election campaign starts in Abbottabad – Associated press of Pakistan
- Complete strike on riots anniversary: Hazara to get separate identity soon: Baba
- PF-48 (Abbottabad-V) Result: Announced
- "Individual district profile link, 2015". Alif Ailaan. Retrieved 2015-05-07.