Abbottabad District

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Abbottabad District
ایبٹ آباد
District
A picture of Abbottabad city taken in 1907
A picture of Abbottabad city taken in 1907
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Districts AbbotAbad.svg
Coordinates: 34°00′N 73°00′E / 34.000°N 73.000°E / 34.000; 73.000Coordinates: 34°00′N 73°00′E / 34.000°N 73.000°E / 34.000; 73.000
CountryPakistan Pakistan
ProvinceKhyber Pakhtunkhwa
HeadquartersAbbottabad
Area[1]
 • Total1,967 km2 (759 sq mi)
Population (2017)[2]
 • Total1,332,912
 • Density680/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PKT)
Number of union councils51
Number of Tehsils2
Websitewww.abbottabad.gov.pk

Abbottabad District (Urdu: ایبٹ آباد‎) is located in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. The district covers an area of 1,969 km2, with the city of Abbottabad being the principal town.[3] Neighbouring districts are Mansehra to the north, Muzaffarabad to the east, Haripur to the west, and Rawalpindi to the south.[4]

History[edit]

Origin of name[edit]

The district is named after Major James Abbott, the first deputy commissioner of Hazara (1849–1853).[4]

Hazara[edit]

During British rule Abbottabad became the capital of Hazara division, which was named after and contained the Hazara valley, a small valley in the outermost Himalayas, between the Indus in the west and Kashmir in the east.[5]

The current Abbottabad District was originally a tehsil of Hazara, the Imperial Gazetteer of India described it as follows:

In 1976 the tehsils of Mansehra and Battagram were separated into the new Mansehra District, while the tehsil of Haripur became a separate district in 1991.[7]:8

Demography[edit]

The population counted in 1998 census was 881,000.[1] According to an estimate this had risen to 1.05 million in 2008.[8]

The major language of the area is Hindko, which in the 1981 census was the mother tongue of 95% of households.[9] The variety spoken in the city of Abbottabad has formed the basis of a literary language.[10] It is very close to the Hindko varieties of Mansehra: the two share 86% of their basic vocabulary.[11] In the Galliat region in the southeast of the district, the language is still known as Hindko but becomes more distinct and gradually transitions into the dialects of Pahari.[12] Other languages are overall more common in urban areas: in the 1998 census, 2.3% of the population reported their language as Punjabi (rising to 10.8% in urban areas), while the share of Pashto was 2.2% (8.4% in urban areas) and that of Urdu – 1.1% (5.1% in urban areas).[7]:18

Parks and protected areas[edit]

Under the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Wildlife (Protection, Preservation, Conservation and Management) Act of 1975, two areas have been designated with the district: Ayubia National Park and Qalanderabad game reserve.[13] Both areas cover only 6% of the landed area of the district.[13]

The Ayubia National Park was established in 1984, this park covers an area of over 3,312 ha.[13]

The Qalanderabad game reserve was established in 1980 with an area of 8,940ha.[13]

Subdivisions[edit]

Map showing the administrative subdivisions of Abbottabad District, the Union Councils of Havelian Tehsil are highlighted in green, whilst those of Abbottabad Tehsil are highlighted in red (the names neighbouring districts to Abbottabad are also shown).

Abbottabad district is divided into two tehsils, Abbottabad Tehsil and Havelian Tehsil as well as one urban administration area – Nawanshehr. There are fifty-one Union Councils in the district, 38 in Abbottabad tehsil and 13 in Havelian.

Election 2008[edit]

With the announcement by the Election commission of Pakistan that elections would be held on 8 January 2008[14] more than a dozen candidates filed their nomination papers in Abbottabad.[15]

Political campaigns[edit]

Abbottabad was the centre of the Sooba Hazara movement that started after national assembly passed 18th amendment to change the name of province from North West Frontier Province (NWFP) to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The former governor of the province has been vocal in this opposition to the new name[16]

Provincial assembly[edit]

The district is represented in the provincial assembly by four elected MPAs (PK-36 to PK-39):[17]

Education[edit]

According to the Alif Ailaan Pakistan District Education Rankings 2015, Abbottabad is ranked 31 out of 148 districts in terms of education. For facilities and infrastructure, the district is ranked 72 out of 148.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Abbottabad District at a Glance". Islamabad: Population Census Organization. Archived from the original on January 2, 2012. Retrieved 3 March 2012.
  2. ^ "DISTRICT WISE CENSUS RESULTS CENSUS 2017" (PDF). www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-08-29. Retrieved 2017-09-01.
  3. ^ Geography of District Abbottabad Archived November 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ a b IUCN Pakistan (2004). Abbottabad – State of the environment and Development. IUCN Pakistan and Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa: Karachi, p. 2.
  5. ^ Hazara – Nordisk familjebok
  6. ^ Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 5, p. 1
  7. ^ a b 1998 District census report of Abbottabad. Census publication. 32. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 1999.
  8. ^ District Profile: Northern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa – Abbottabad Archived May 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ 1981 District Census report of Abbottabad. District Census Report. 24. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 1983. p. 76. The data is specifically for Abbottabad Tehsil; the only other tehsil of the district has since been promoted into the separate district of Haripur.
  10. ^ Rahman, Tariq (1996). Language and politics in Pakistan. Oxford University Press. pp. 211–14. ISBN 978-0-19-577692-8.
  11. ^ The figure is from: The relative homogeneity of the Hindko dialects of Abbottabad and Manshehra is mentioned in:
    • Rensch, Calvin R. (1992). "The Language Environment of Hindko-Speaking People". In O'Leary, Clare F.; Rensch, Calvin R.; Hallberg, Calinda E. Hindko and Gujari. Sociolinguistic Survey of Northern Pakistan. Islamabad: National Institute of Pakistan Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University and Summer Institute of Linguistics. p. 56. ISBN 969-8023-13-5.
  12. ^ Lothers & Lothers 2010, pp. 2, 5, 24ff.
  13. ^ a b c d IUCN Pakistan (2004). Abbottabad – State of the environment and Development. IUCN Pakistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: Karachi, p. 50.
  14. ^ 2008 Elections – ELECTION COMMISSION OF PAKISTAN Archived 2008-01-17 at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ Election campaign starts in Abbottabad – Associated press of Pakistan
  16. ^ Complete strike on riots anniversary: Hazara to get separate identity soon: Baba
  17. ^ PF-48 (Abbottabad-V) Result: Announced Archived 2012-11-15 at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ "Individual district profile link, 2015". Alif Ailaan. Archived from the original on 2016-01-08. Retrieved 2015-05-07.