Abbottabad District

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Abbottabad District
District
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa's location in the Pakistan
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa's location in the Pakistan
Country Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Headquarters Abbottabad
Area
 • Total 1,969 km2 (760 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total 1,182,000
 • Density 600/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Number of Union Councils 51
Number of Tehsils 2
Website http://www.abbottabad.gov.pk

Abbottabad (Urdu: ضلع ایبٹ آباد‎) also spelled Abbotabad is a district in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. The district covers an area of 1,969 km2 with the city of Abbottabad being the principal town.[1] Neighbouring districts are Mansehra to the north, Muzaffarabad to the east, Haripur to the west, and Rawalpindi to the south.[2]

History[edit]

A picture of Abbottabad city taken in 1907.

Origin of name[edit]

The district is named after Major James Abbott, the first deputy commissioner of Hazara (1849–1853).[2]

Hazara[edit]

During British rule Abbottabad became the capital of Hazara division, which was named after and contained the Hazara valley, a small valley in the outermost Himalayas, between the Indus in the west and Kashmir in the east.[3]

The current Abbottabad District was originally a tehsil of Hazara, the Imperial Gazetteer of India described it as follows:

Demography[edit]

According to latest information the population of the district is 1,182,000.[5][dead link] According to an estimate this had risen to 1.05 million in 2008.[6][dead link] according to the old Hazara gazetteers the main tribes here are the Dhunds, Dilazaks, Tanolis, Awans, Jadoons, Kashmiris, Shilmani, Sarrara (a section of the Dhund-Abbasi), Karlals, Qureshi, Mughals, Gujjars, Syed and Satti.[7][dead link]

Parks and protected areas[edit]

Under the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Wildlife (Protection, Preservation, Conservation and Management) Act of 1975, two areas have been designated with the district: Ayubia National Park and Qalanderabad game reserve.[8] Both areas cover only 6% of the landed area of the district.[8]

The Ayubia National Park was established in 1984, this park covers an area of over 3,312 ha.[8]

The Qalanderabad game reserve was established in 1980 with an area of 8,940ha.[8]

Subdivisions[edit]

Map showing the administrative subdivisions of Abbottabad District, the Union Councils of Havelian Tehsil are highlighted in green, whilst those of Abbottabad Tehsil are highlighted in red (the names neighbouring districts to Abbottabad are also shown).

Abbottabad district is divided into two tehsils, Abbottabad and Havelian as well as one urban administration area – Nawanshehr. There are fifty-one Union Councils in the district, 35 in Abbottabad tehsil and 16 in Havelian.

Election 2008[edit]

With the announcement by the Election commission of Pakistan that elections would be held on 8 January 2008[9] more than a dozen candidates filed their nomination papers in Abbottabad.[10]

Political campaigns[edit]

Abbottabad was the centre of the Sooba Hazara movement that started after national assembly passed 18th amendment to change the name of province from North West Frontier Province (NWFP) to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The former governor of the province has been vocal in this opposition to the new name[11]

Provincial assembly[edit]

The district is represented in the provincial assembly by five elected MPAs:[12]

Education[edit]

According to the Alif Ailaan Pakistan District Education Rankings 2015, Abbottabad is ranked 31 out of 148 districts in terms of education. For facilities and infrastructure, the district is ranked 72 out of 148. [13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Geography of District Abbottabad
  2. ^ a b IUCN Pakistan (2004). Abbottabad – State of the environment and Development. IUCN Pakistan and Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa: Karachi, p. 2.
  3. ^ Hazara – Nordisk familjebok
  4. ^ Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 5, p. 1
  5. ^ "Abbottabad District at a Glance". Islamabad: Population Census Organization. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  6. ^ District Profile: Northern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa – Abbottabad
  7. ^ ELECTIONS 2002 (Hazara Division) – Daily times Pakistan
  8. ^ a b c d IUCN Pakistan (2004). Abbottabad – State of the environment and Development. IUCN Pakistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: Karachi, p. 50.
  9. ^ 2008 Elections – ELECTION COMMISSION OF PAKISTAN
  10. ^ Election campaign starts in Abbottabad – Associated press of Pakistan
  11. ^ Complete strike on riots anniversary: Hazara to get separate identity soon: Baba
  12. ^ PF-48 (Abbottabad-V) Result: Announced
  13. ^ "Individual district profile link, 2015". Alif Ailaan. Retrieved 2015-05-07. 

Coordinates: 34°00′N 73°00′E / 34.000°N 73.000°E / 34.000; 73.000