Abby Johnson (activist)
|Occupation||Author, Senior Policy Advisor at Americans United for Life, Live Action research director|
|Known for||Anti-abortion activism|
Abby Johnson (born c. 1980) is an American anti-abortion activist. Johnson had previously worked at Planned Parenthood as a clinic director, but resigned in October 2009. She later stated that she resigned after watching an abortion on ultrasound.
Johnson is the chief research strategist for Live Action, an American pro-life non-profit organization. She holds a B.S. (psychology) from Texas A&M University and an M.A. (counseling) from Sam Houston State University.
Work at Planned Parenthood
Born and raised in a "conservative, pro-life family" from Texas, Johnson began volunteering for Planned Parenthood after seeing their booth at a fair at her college. She says she hadn't heard of the group before and didn't know they performed abortions, and Planned Parenthood told her they wanted to reduce the number of abortions. Johnson volunteered in 2001, and progressed to the position of community services director. She worked at the Planned Parenthood clinic in Bryan, Texas for eight years, escorting women into the clinic from their cars and eventually working as director of the clinic. Johnson regularly encountered activists from the local anti-abortion group who waited at the clinic's fence to talk to clients, and described extensive harassment of clinic staff by anti-abortion activists. Describing death threats against herself and her family, she stated: "It's very scary, this group of people that claim to be these peaceful prayer warriors, or whatever they call themselves, it's kind of ironic that some of them would be sending death threats." The Planned Parenthood clinic named Johnson "Employee of the Year" in 2008.
Johnson says that in September 2009, due to a personnel shortage she was called in to assist in an ultrasound-guided abortion of a fetus at 13 weeks gestation. She said she was disconcerted to see how similar the ultrasound image looked to her own daughter. Johnson, who previously believed fetuses could not feel anything while being aborted, says she saw the fetus squirming and twisting to avoid the vacuum tube which would be used to suck and destroy the fetus.
"For the briefest moment," she wrote in her memoir, Unplanned, "the baby looked as if it were being wrung like a dishcloth, twirled and squeezed. And then it crumpled and began disappearing into the cannula before my eyes. The last thing I saw was the tiny, perfectly formed backbone sucked into the tube, and then it was gone."
"I just thought I can't do this anymore, and it was just like a flash that hit me, and I thought that's it," Johnson said. She continued working at the clinic, but soon met with Shawn Carney, leader of the local anti-abortion group Coalition for Life and now a leader of 40 Days for Life, with whom she was well-acquainted after his years of activism against Planned Parenthood. She told him she could no longer continue assisting women in getting abortions. She resigned on October 6, 2009. "I feel so pure in heart [since leaving her job]. I don't have this guilt, I don't have this burden on me any more, that's how I know this conversion was a spiritual conversion," she said.
Johnson said after her resignation that her bosses had pressured her to increase profits by performing more and more abortions at the clinic. "Every meeting that we had was, 'We don't have enough money, we don't have enough money — we've got to keep these abortions coming.' It's a very lucrative business and that's why they want to increase numbers," she said. Johnson estimated the clinic profited $350 on every abortion.
An article on Salon.com questioned Johnson's statements regarding financial incentives for abortions, noting that abortions comprise only 3% of Planned Parenthood's services. Fox News reported that Johnson was unable to provide any emails, letters, or other evidence to support her allegations about pressure to perform abortions.
Johnson's description of her conversion has been questioned. Planned Parenthood stated that its records do not show any ultrasound-guided abortions performed on the date when Johnson says she witnessed the procedure, and the physician who performed abortions at the Bryan clinic stated that Johnson had never been asked to assist in an abortion. Although Johnson said the abortion was of a 13-week-old fetus, records from the Texas Department of Health show no such abortions performed at the Bryan Clinic on the date in question.
According to a court petition filed by Planned Parenthood, Johnson was put on a "performance improvement plan" four days before her resignation. The petition says that following this she was seen "removing items" from the clinic and copying "confidential files" and had given the résumé, home address and phone number of an abortion provider to Coalition for Life. Planned Parenthood was granted a temporary restraining order against Johnson and Coalition for Life after Johnson's resignation. The order was lifted by a court a week later. Johnson herself says the "performance improvement plan" was due to her reluctance to increase the number of abortions performed at her facility. Johnson also denies the accusations that she removed, copied, or distributed any confidential information and said in her book that her attorney disproved them at the time that the temporary restraining order was lifted.
Johnson's story received national coverage. She was embraced by the anti-abortion movement after her story went national in November 2009 and compared to Norma McCorvey, the "Jane Roe" of Roe v. Wade, the United States Supreme Court case that legalized abortion in 1973. McCorvey joined the anti-abortion movement in 1995.
Johnson released a book, Unplanned, in January 2011, detailing her work at Planned Parenthood and her conversion to the anti-abortion cause. She is the chief research strategist for Live Action, a anti-abortion organization best known for its undercover recording campaign against Planned Parenthood.
Personal life and religion
Johnson was raised as a Southern Baptist, but left the church because it objected to her work at Planned Parenthood. She and her husband Doug, who was raised as a Lutheran, stopped attending church altogether for two years before joining the Episcopal Church, which has one of the most liberal stances on abortion of any Mainline Protestant denomination. After she went public with her conversion to the pro-life position, Johnson said she felt unwelcome at this church. She was received into the Roman Catholic Church on December 4, 2011.
- Duin, Julia (2009-11-13). "Former clinic director: Church chilly to my pro-life turn". The Washington Times. Retrieved 2011-07-02.
- "Anti-Abortion Group Hires Planned Parenthood Whistleblower". Fox News Channel. 2010-04-07. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-02.
- "Author Biography: Abby Johnson". Tyndale House Publishers.
- Drake, Tim. "What Abby Johnson Saw at Planned Parenthood". National Catholic Register. Archived from the original on 14 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-02.
- Abrams, Joseph (November 2, 2009). "Planned Parenthood Director Quits After Watching Abortion on Ultrasound". Fox News. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. Retrieved June 30, 2011.
- Clark-Flory, Tracy (Nov 3, 2009). "The conversion of a pro-choice warrior". Salon.com. Retrieved April 8, 2011.
- Mann, Benjamin. "Abby Johnson reveals details of pro-life turnaround and Catholic conversion". Catholic News Agency. Retrieved 2011-07-02.
- Johnson, Abby (2011). Unplanned. SaltRiver. ISBN 978-1-4143-3939-9.
- Allen, Nick (2009-11-02). "Planned Parenthood leader resigns after watching abortion ultrasound". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2011-07-02.
- Blakeslee, Nate (February 2010). "The Convert". Texas Monthly. Retrieved June 30, 2011.
- "Injunction Against Ex-Central Texas Planned Parenthood Director Lifted". Kwtx.com. 2009-11-11. Archived from the original on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-02.
- Dorning, Anne-Marie (2009-11-05). "Planned Parenthood Clinic Director Joins Anti-Abortion Group". ABC News. Archived from the original on 28 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-02.
- "Americans United for Life hires anti-abortion activist Abby Johnson". Florida Independent. 2010-02-01. Retrieved 2012-03-10.
- "Abby Johnson | Americans United for Life". Americans United for Live. 2009-09-26. Retrieved 2012-03-10.
- Johnson, Abby (November 29, 2011). "Abby's blog: December 4th".