Abd Allah ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
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Abd-Allah ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah (d. 161 AH; c. 776 CE), also known as Abu Hashim was a member of the Banu Hashim clan of the Quraish tribe in Mecca. He was one of the Salaf and a Narrator of hadith. After Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyya died, his son Abu Hashim claimed the imamate. According to medieval mystic Jami, Abd-Allah ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah (died c. 716) was the first person to be called a "Sufi".
After Abu Hashim's death, the Abbasids claimed that on his deathbed Abu Hashim had nominated his distant cousin Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Abdullah ibn Abbas ibn Abdu'l-Muttalib ibn Hashim as the imam. His son Abu'l-Abbas Abdullah as-Saffah became the first Abbasid caliph, repudiating Shi'ism, which effectively extinguished the sect that had recognized Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah as an imam.
After his father's death in 700 CE, the Hashimiyya sub-sect of the Kaysanites Shia looked to Abu Hashim as the heir of his grandfather Ali. After his own death, the early Abbasids claimed that Abu Hashim had designated Muhammad, father of the first two Abbasid caliphs, As-Saffah and Al-Mansur, as his heir and head of the clan of the Banu Hashim.
His ancestors and family tree
Abd-Allah ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
of the Ahl al-Bayt
Clan of the Banu QuraishBorn: ≈ ? CE Died: ≈ ? CE
|Shia Islam titles|
Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
ibn Ali ibn Abu Taleb
Fourth Imām of Kaysanites
| Abu Hashim ʿAbd Allah
ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
Fifth Imām of Hashimiyya Shi'a
Muhammad "al-Imām" ibn Ali
ibn ′Abd Allah ibn al-′Abbas
Sixth Imām of Hashimiyya
(The founder of Abbasid Dynasty)