Abd Al-Rahman Al-Gillani

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Abd Al-Rahman Al-Gillani
Sheikhgillani.jpg
1st Prime Minister of Iraq
In office
11 November 1920 – 20 November 1922
Monarch Faisal I
Preceded by None
Succeeded by Abd al-Muhsin as-Sa'dun
Personal details
Born 1841 (1841)
Died 1927 (aged 85–86)

Qutb-ul Aqtaab Naqib Al Ashraaf Syed Abd ar-Rahman al-Qadri al Gillani (Arabic: عبد الرحمن الكيلاني النقيب) was the first Prime Minister of Iraq, and its head of state. He is 15th direct descendant of Abdul Qadir Jilani[citation needed], the Cardinal Sufi Saint in Sufi Islam. Al Gillani was chosen in 1920 to head the Iraqi Council of Ministers following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. He used his influence to oppose the appointment of Faisal I as King of Iraq and resigned his post when his efforts were defeated. Nevertheless, Faisal reappointed him as prime minister in order to curb opposition.

In 1922 Gillani negotiated the first Anglo-Iraqi Treaty, which ensured nominal independence for the country, though Britain maintained control of the military and foreign affairs, essentially establishing a Mandate in the country. Opposed to these results, Gillani resigned shortly after.

Genealogy[edit]

  1. Muhammad
  2. Ali
  3. Hasan bin Ali
  4. Hasan al Muthanna
  5. Abdullah al Kamil
  6. Musa al Jawn
  7. Abdullah al Saleh
  8. Musa al Thani
  9. Daud al Ameer
  10. Muhammad al Madni
  11. Yahya al Zahid
  12. Abdullah al Jilli
  13. Abu Saleh Musa
  14. Abdul Qadir Gilani
  15. Abdul Aziz
  16. Muhammad Hattak
  17. Shamsuddin
  18. Sharfuddin
  19. Zaynuddin
  20. Waliuddin
  21. Nooruddin
  22. Hisamuddin
  23. Muhammad Darvesh
  24. Zaynuddin
  25. Mustufa
  26. Sulaiman
  27. Ali
  28. Abdur Rahman Gilani

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
None
Prime Minister of Iraq
1920— 1922
Succeeded by
Abd al-Muhsin as-Sa'dun