|عبد الله خليل|
|2nd Prime Minister of Sudan|
5 July 1956 – 17 November 1958
|Preceded by||Ismail al-Azhari|
|Succeeded by||Ibrahim Abboud|
Omdurman, Mahdist Sudan
|Died||1970 (aged 78)|
|Political party||National Umma Party|
|Service/branch||Egyptian Army (1910-1924)
Sudan Defence Force (1925-1944)
|Years of service||1910-1944|
In 1944 Khalil became an influential member of the Advisory Council for the Northern Sudan, which became a pro-Mahdist organisation. In 1945 Khalil helped found the Umma Party, and became the partys first Secretary General. In 1947 he became a member of the Independence Front, serving as a representative of Umma Party interests, opposing the dominant Khatmiyya interests.
Khalil maintained a close relationship with Colonial Administrators Robert George Howe and J.W. Robertson, often serving as an advocate for their views on Sudanese politics. Khalil's constant struggle with the Khatmiyya is often criticized, with it being alleged that he helped to make the emerging Sudanese nationalism divisive and sectarian. Khalil was for instance appointed Minister of Agriculture in 1947, largely due to his insistence that this was necessary to counterbalance the strong role of the Khatmiyya and to respond to the Sudanization press.
In 1948 Khalil became leader of the newly formed Legislative Assembly and Executive Council, serving the Umma Party's representative on the Constitutional Commission. Khalil was elected to parliament in the 1953 parliamentary election.
Following the 1958 election Khalil formed a coalition government comprising his Umma Party and the People's Democratic Party. Khalil served as Prime Minister and Minister of Defense in the new government. He allied Sudan with the United States, sparking a tense standoff with Egypt under Gamal Abdel Nasser. On November 17, 1958, Khalil carried out a military coup against his own government, putting the government under the control of a military junta. (See History of Sudan (Independent Sudan))
- Gabriel Warburg, Hot Spot: Egypt and Sudan Wrangle over Halayib, Middle East Quarterly Vol. 1 No. 1, March 1994
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