Abdullah al-Harari

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Abdullah al-Harariyy
عبد الله الهرري
AbdullahAl-Harariyy.jpg
Personal Details
Title al-Harariyy
Born 1910
Died September 2, 2008
Ethnicity Harari
Era 20th-21st century
Region Horn of Africa/Levant
Religion Islam
Denomination Sunni Ash'ari [1]
Movement Qadiriyya Sufi
Main interest(s) Islamic philosophy, polemics

Abdullah ibn Muhammad ibn Yusuf Al-Harariyy (Arabic: عبد الله بن محمَّد بن يوسف بن عبد الله بن جامع الشَّيبي العبدري الهرري ‎‎) (b. 1910 – d. September 2, 2008) was a Harari muhaddith[2] and scholar of Islamic jurisprudence. Living and teaching in Beirut, Lebanon, he is noted as the founder of Al-Ahbash.

History[edit]

Al-Harariyy was born in 1910 in Harar, Ethiopia.[3]

In 1983, he founded Al-Ahbash, a Beirut-based organization also known as the Association of Islamic Charitable Projects (AICP).[4] Al-Ahbash is a Sufi religious movement[5] which claims to run its schools affiliated with Cairo's Al-Azhar University,[6] a claim which has been denied by Al-Azhar.[7][8][9] Due to the group's origins and activity in Lebanon, the Ahbash have been described as the "activist expression of Lebanese Sufism."[10]

Al-Harariyy was one of the Ulama signatories of the Amman Message. Issued in 2004, the statement gives a broad foundation for defining Muslim orthodoxy.[11]

In terms of tariqa, Al-Harariyy was affiliated with Qadiriyya orders in Jerusalem, Damascus and Beirut.[12] He was also licensed as a Shaykh by Al-Azhar University's branch in Lebanon.[10][13]

Al-Harariyy died of natural causes on September 2, 2008, aged 98.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kabha, Mustafa; Erlich, Haggai (2006). "Al-Ahbash and Wahhabiyya: Interpretations of Islam". International Journal of Middle East Studies. United States: Cambridge University Press. 38 (4): 524. doi:10.1017/S0020743806384024. JSTOR 4129146. 
  2. ^ Górak-Sosnowska, Katarzyna (2011). Muslims in Poland and Eastern Europe: Widening the European Discourse on Islam. Warsaw, Poland: Katarzyna Górak-Sosnowska. pp. 259–262. ISBN 9788390322957. 
  3. ^ al-Filasṭīnīyah, Muʼassasat al-Dirāsāt (1999). Journal of Palestine Studies. 29 (113-116): 73. doi:10.2307/2676445. 
  4. ^ a b "Founder of Lebanon fundamentalist Sunni group dies". pr-inside.com. 2008-09-02. Archived from the original on April 8, 2009. Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
  5. ^ Seddon, David (2004). A political and economic dictionary of the Middle East (1st ed.). Routledge. p. 22. ISBN 978-1857432121. 
  6. ^ Kabha, Mustafa; Erlich, Haggai (2006). "Al-Ahbash and Wahhabiyya: Interpretations of Islam". International Journal of Middle East Studies. United States: Cambridge University Press. 38 (4): 519–538. doi:10.1017/S0020743806384024. JSTOR 4129146. 
  7. ^ "Egypt arrests 22 men for corrupting Islam"- Reuters, 13 December 2007. ("The source said they belong to the al-Ahbash sect – which has a significant following in Lebanon and strong historical ties to Syria – and which is considered unorthodox by many Islamic clerics including the ones at Al-Azhar.")
  8. ^ Dr. Ahmed Omar Hashem (August 28, 2001). "President of Al-Azhar's Letter / statement issued on the official letter-head of Al-Azhar (Arabic)". Al-Azhar University. Retrieved July 17, 2016.  (Excerpts from the letter from Arabic to English regarding AICP or Al-Ahbash: "There is no single form of recognition / accreditation and cooperation between Al-Azhar University and them. All papers, in which what is otherwise claimed (by this organization) do not correspond to the truth. We reject all attempts to abuse the prestigious name of Al-Azhar University by this organizations..")
  9. ^ "Exposing Abd Allah al-Harari and his sect the Ahbash of Lebanon ("Association of Islamic Charitable Projects")" (PDF). Markaz al-Nasr li Ahl al-Sunnah wal-Jamaah, Jakarta, Indonesia. pp. 23, 24. Retrieved July 17, 2016. 
  10. ^ a b Hamzeh, A. Nizar; Dekmejian, R. Hrair (1996). "A Sufi Response to Political Islamism: Al-Ahbash of Lebanon". International Journal of Middle East Studies. Beirut: American University of Beirut. 28: 217–229. doi:10.1017/S0020743800063145. Retrieved 10 April 2009. 
  11. ^ Al-Harari's official reply to Amman Message
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ World, Almanac. "Al Ahbash". World Almanac of Islamism. Retrieved 2009-04-10. 

External links[edit]

See also[edit]