Abdelaziz Bennani

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Abdelaziz Bennani
عبد العزيز بناني
General AbdelAziz Bennani.jpg
Inspector General of the Armed Forces and commander of the southern zone
In office
27 July 2004 – 13 June 2014
Preceded by Abdelhaq Kadiri
Succeeded by Bouchaib Arroub
Commander of the southern zone
In office
1983 – 13 June 2014
Preceded by Ahmed Dlimi
Succeeded by Bouchaib Arroub
Personal details
Born (1935-09-28)28 September 1935
Taza[1]
Died 20 May 2015(2015-05-20) (aged 79)
Rabat
Children Yahya Bennani
Oussama Bennani
Military service
Allegiance Morocco Morocco
Service/branch Flag of the Royal Moroccan Army.svg Royal Moroccan Army
Years of service 1956–present
Rank General
Battles/wars Western Sahara War

General Abdelaziz Bennani (Arabic: عبد العزيز بناني‎ – b. 28 September 1935, Taza, d. 20 May 2015, Rabat) was a senior Moroccan Army officer who was, between 27 July 2004 and 13 June 2014, "General Inspector of the Armed Forces", the professional head of the Royal Moroccan Armed Forces, succeeding General Abdelhaq Kadiri.[2][3][4] He was the commander of the Southern Zone since the death General Ahmed Dlimi.[5]

On 13 June 2014 and after reports which stated that he was in poor health and following treatment in France, Bennani was replaced, as the Insepector General of the Moroccan army and commander of the southern zone, by general Bouchaib Arroub.[6]

Early life[edit]

Like other high-ranking officials of the Moroccan military, few personal details about Bennani are known about. He was part of a class of military conscripts (The Promotion Mohammed V) who in 1957, followed a six-months training in the French military school Saint Cyr, under the supervision of then crown prince Hassan, after which they received the officer rank.[1]

Family[edit]

His son Yahya Bennani is the Moroccan ambassador in Kuwait and previously worked in the Moroccan external intelligence service, the DGED.[7][8]

Corruption allegations[edit]

The Moroccan military is plagued by corruption.[9][10] A leaked U.S diplomatic cable from 2008, cited that it is particularly prevalent amongst the highest ranks.[10] The cable went on to directly accuse Abdelaziz Bennani of corruption:[10]

Credible reports indicate that Lt Gen Benanni is using his position as the Commander of the Southern Sector to skim money from military contracts and influence business decisions. A widely believed rumor has it that he owns large parts of the fisheries in Western Sahara. Benanni, like many senior military officers, has a lavish family home that was likely built with money gleaned from bribes

— Thomas T. Riley, MOROCCO'S MILITARY: ADEQUATE, MODERNIZING, BUT FACING BIG CHALLENGES 4 August 2008

In his 2006 book, "Les Officiers de Sa Majesté" Mahjoub Tobji, a former commandant in the Moroccan army, also accused Bennani, among other high-ranking officers, of corruption and embezzlement. Tobji cited, in addition to fisheries in Western Sahara operated by high-ranking officers, racketeering of Russian and Norwegian ships fishing illegally south of Agadir and bribes in contracts of meat imported from Argentina and Australia for the army. Tobji also reported a number of other alleged corrupt practices.[11]

Hospital incident[edit]

On 18 June 2014, Mustapha Adib a former captain in the Moroccan army who was imprisoned in 2000 for denouncing corruption in his military base of Errachidia and was forced to exile afterwards, visited the Val-de-Grâce, the hospital where Bennani was following treatment in France. He tried to visit the general but was not authorised to access the room, after which he left him a bouquet of cheap flowers and a message, in which he accused Bennani of being a criminal responsible for the deaths of thousands of people, the impoverishment of thousands of deceased soldiers children and a corrupt who stole state's assets.[12][13]

Through the official press agency, Maghreb Arabe Presse, the Moroccan state protested this incident and stated that Abdelaziz Bennani was "assaulted morally" [sic], with the tacit complacency of French authorities.[14] The chief of Moroccan external intelligence (DGED), Yassine Mansouri (also a classmate of king Mohammed VI at the Collège Royal) summoned the French Ambassador in Rabat to protest.[14]

The Moroccan ambassador in Paris and former minister of the Interior, Chakib Benmoussa tried to meet the French Minister of Foreign Affairs Laurent Fabius to express "dissatisfaction" over the incident, but was only received by the his chief of cabinet.[12][14]

The incident came in a period where Moroccan authorities have been complaining about a number of incidents, including; a lawsuit filed in France against Abdellatif Hammouchi (the head of the Moroccan secret services), for allegedly torturing suspects (such as Zakaria Moumni), which prompted Morocco to suspend judiciary cooperation with France and is currently under investigation by French judges.[13] And an alleged quote by the French ambassador to the UN, in which he described the Moroccan state as a "mistress" that you don't love but have to defend. The quote allegedly came as an allegorical reply to actor Javier Bardem who inquired him about France's position on Western Sahara in the security council.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Driss Bennani (24 May 2012). "Enquête. Général Bennani l'armée, c'est lui". Telquel. Retrieved 17 August 2012. 
  2. ^ "General Abdelaziz Bennani Dies at 80". Morocco World News. 20 May 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  3. ^ "S.M le Roi nomme le général Bennani inspecteur général des FAR". Aujourd'hui le Maroc. 2004-07-27. Retrieved 17 August 2012. 
  4. ^ "S.M. le Roi reçoit le général de corps d'armée Abdelaziz Bennani 48e anniversaire de la création des Forces Armées Royales". Le Matin. 2004-05-15. Retrieved 17 August 2012. 
  5. ^ "Les 50 personnalités qui font le Maroc - Pouvoir et politique Général Abdelaziz Bennani". Jeune Afrique. 19 October 2009. Retrieved 17 August 2012. 
  6. ^ "SM le Roi nomme le Général de Corps d'Armée Bouchaib Arroub, Inspecteur général des FAR, Commandant la zone Sud". Maghreb Arabe Presse. 13 June 2014. Archived from the original on 13 June 2014. Retrieved 13 June 2014. 
  7. ^ "Yahia Bennani". Maghreb Confidentiel. 10 March 2011. Retrieved 23 June 2014. 
  8. ^ "M. Yahia BENNANI Ambassadeur de Sa Majesté le Roi au Koweit" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 June 2014. Retrieved 23 June 2014. 
  9. ^ Jackson (14 April 2009). "SCENESETTER FOR CODEL SMITH". US Embassy Rabat. Archived from the original on 20 June 2014. Retrieved 20 June 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c Thomas T. Riley (4 August 2008). "MOROCCO'S MILITARY: ADEQUATE, MODERNIZING, BUT FACING BIG CHALLENGES". US Embassy Rabat. Archived from the original on 16 December 2011. Retrieved 20 June 2014. 
  11. ^ Mahjoub Tobji (2006). Les Officiers de Sa Majesté. Bennani consacre son énergie à accumuler une fortune colossale sur le dos de l'armée en plaçant un peu partout des intendants à sa convenance. Grâce aux marchés de la viande passés en Argentine et en Australie, aux contraventions maritimes évoquées plus haut et qui portent sur une zone s'étendant de la latitude d'Agadir à la frontière mauritanienne, le général Bennani s'est retrouvé en peu de temps à la tête d'un immense pactole. Il est loin le temps où il me demandait d'intervenir auprès de Dlimi pour l'aider parce qu'un champ de céréales lui appartenant avait brûlé dans la région de Taza...Bennani et certains de ses protégés se sont adonnés à une course effrénée aux millions en faisant feu de tout bois : contrebande avec la Mauritanie et les Canaries, vente de carburant et d'équipements militaires, prélèvements sur la prime alimentaire des soldats, petits et gros profits dans toutes sortes de secteurs. 
  12. ^ a b "Paris : Grave incident entre le général Abdelaziz Bennani et l'ex-capitaine Adib". Demain Online. 19 June 2014. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 20 June 2014. 
  13. ^ a b c "تفاقم أزمة المغرب وفرنسا: الرباط تحتج على باريس لما تعتبره "اعتداءا معنويا" ضد الجنرال بناني في مستشفى فرنسي". Alifpost. 19 June 2014. Retrieved 20 June 2014. 
  14. ^ a b c "Vif mécontentement du Maroc à la suite de l'agression morale dont a été victime le Général de corps d'armée Abdelaziz Bennani dans un hôpital parisien". Maghreb Arabe Presse. 19 June 2014. Archived from the original on 20 June 2014. Retrieved 20 June 2014.