عبد الفتاح مورو
|First Vice President of the Assembly of the Representatives of the People|
|Assumed office |
4 December 2014
|Preceded by||Meherzia Labidi Maiza|
|Born||1 June 1948|
|Alma mater||Tunis University|
Abdelfattah Mourou (Arabic: عبد الفتاح مورو) is a Tunisian politician and lawyer. He is a co-founder of the Ennahdha Party and serves as its Vice-President. He has been First Vice President of the Assembly of the Representatives of the People since 2014.
On 4 December 2014, he was elected as First Vice President of the Assembly of the Representatives of the People, receiving 157 votes from the 214 representatives present. After his election, he kissed his only contender, Mbarka Aouinia Brahmi, the widow of Mohamed Brahmi, who had been assassinated by a Salafist in 2013, on the forehead. Brahmi, nominated by the Popular Front and supported by Afek Tounes, had received 33 votes.
Very early, he joined a Sufi order, called Madaniyya, created at the beginning of the twentieth century and originally calling for the rejection of the foreign presence in Tunisia. He began his Islamist activities in the 1960s, preaching in high schools and mosques .
In 1969, he met Rached Ghannouchi in a mosque in Tunis and agreed with him to found an Islamic movement in Tunisia. In 1973, trying to organize an assembly of a hundred people in Sousse, Mourou, Hmida Ennaifer and Ghannouchi are arrested by the police. Following this incident, it was decided to create a clandestine organization (Jamâa Al-Islamiya) that breaks down into regional and national structures . It is active mainly in mosques and universities and publishes a newspaper, El Maarifa, freely distributed in some kiosks and bookstores close to the organization.
Mourou becomes one of the great preachers of the capital and the popular leader of Jamâa Al-Islamiya. It becomes in 1981 the Movement of the Islamic trend (Ennahdha) which Mourou is the number two. However, the movement is quickly the target of the repression: Mourou is arrested and spends two years in prison. After the attack on the Bab Souika police station in 1991, he was detained again . It was the subject, in 1992, of a campaign of defamation by the regime which aims to discredit him personally .
After this new detention, Mourou adopts a conciliation approach, denounces the violence and announces the suspension of his belonging to the Ennahdha movement . Mourou then stops all political activity in Tunisia but continues to practice his profession as a lawyer.
On January 30, 2011, following the return of exile of Rached Ghannouchi, Mourou hints that he will exercise again a political activity. Following a call from preacher Youssef al-Qaradawi, Ghannouchi said that Mourou would take charge of his party's election campaign in October 2011. But Mourou confirmed his divorce, which was then presented. definitive with the Ennahdha movement and stands in the election as an independent, in the framework of a centrist alliance, the Independent Democratic Alliance , made up of several independent personalities and political parties who have joined to this alliance .
At the end of the Ennahdha Congress, held from July 12 to 16, 2012, he returned to the Executive Board as Vice President and Personal Representative of President Rached Ghannouchi for matters of general interest. 
In August 2012, he was violently assaulted by a radical Islamist militant who wounded him slightly on the head .
He is elected to the Assembly of People's Representatives in the elections of October 26, 2014, before being elected first vice-president.
On July 25, 2019, following the death of President Béji Caïd Essebsi, he took over the position of head of parliament, following the appointment of Mohamed Ennaceur as Acting President of the Republic.
The council of the Shura of Ennahdha chooses August 6 to appoint Abdelfattah Mourou as candidate of the party in the Tunisian presidential election of 2019.
- "Tunisie - Abdelfattah Mourou claque la porte et rejette le strapontin ministériel". Business News (in French). 2011-12-26.
- al Fathali, Hassan (2014-12-08). "New parliament speaker vows to unite Tunisians". Al Monitor. Retrieved 2014-12-29.
- "Tunisie: Elu 1er vice-président, Mourou baise le front de Mbarka Aouinia" (in French). 2014-12-04. Retrieved 2014-12-29.