Abdim's stork

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Abdim's stork
Ciconia abdimii -London Zoo-8a.jpg
At the London Zoo, England
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Ciconiiformes
Family: Ciconiidae
Genus: Ciconia
C. abdimii
Binomial name
Ciconia abdimii
Ciconia abdimii distribution map.png

Abdim's stork (Ciconia abdimii), also known as the white-bellied stork, is a stork belonging to the family Ciconiidae. The common name commemorates the Turkish Governor of Wadi Halfa in Sudan, Bey El-Arnaut Abdim (1780–1827).[2]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Abdim's stork is found in open habitats throughout Eastern Africa, from Ethiopia south to South Africa. This stork has escaped or been deliberately released into Florida, U.S., but there is no evidence that the population is breeding and may only persist due to continuing releases or escapes.[1]

Widespread and common throughout its large range, Abdim's stork is evaluated as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.[1] It is the subject of several nationally coordinated breeding programs: in the United States, the plan for this species is administered by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums and in Europe by the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria.


Ciconia abdimii is a black stork with grey legs, red knees and feet, grey bill and white underparts. It has red facial skin in front of the eye and blue skin near the bill in breeding season. It is the smallest species of stork, at 73 cm (29 in) and a weight of just over 1 kg (2.2 lbs).[3]


Ciconia abdimii feeds mainly of locusts, caterpillars and other large insects, although these birds will also eat small reptiles, amphibians, mice, crabs and eggs.[2] The female lays two to three eggs and is slightly smaller than the male.

Human culture[edit]

Among the smallest storks, this species is welcomed and protected by local Africans who believe that it is a harbinger of rain and good luck.



  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2012). "Ciconia abdimii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ a b ""Abdim's Stork Fact Sheet, Lincoln Park Zoo"". Archived from the original on 2012-08-15. Retrieved 2011-07-08.
  3. ^ "Abdim's Stork Animal Bytes". SeaWorld. Archived from the original on December 27, 2013. Retrieved December 27, 2013.

External links[edit]