Abdirahman Omar Osman

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Abdirahman Omar Osman Eng. Yariisow
Mayor of Mogadishu
In office
21 January 2018 – 1 August 2019
PresidentMohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
Prime MinisterHassan Ali Khaire
Preceded byThabit Abdi Mohammed
Succeeded byOmar Muhamoud Finnish
Minister of Commerce and Industry
In office
12 January 2015 – 17 January 2015
PresidentHassan Sheikh Mohamud
Prime MinisterOmar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke
Preceded byAdan Mohamed Nuur Madobe
Succeeded byHassan Ahmed Modey
Minister of Commerce and Industry
In office
6 February 2015 – 29 March 2017
Personal details
Born16 August 1965
Somalia
Died1 August 2019
Doha, Qatar
Political partyIndependent
OccupationPolitician

Abdirahman Omar Osman (also known as Abdirahman Yariisow[1] and Engineer Yariisow; 16 August 1965 – 1 August 2019) was a Somali politician who was the Governor of Banaadir and Mayor of Mogadishu. He was also the Minister of Commerce and Industry of Somalia, having been appointed to the position on 12 January 2015 by the former Prime Minister Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke and served in that position until 2017.[2]

Early life[edit]

Abdirahman Omar Osman was born on 16 August 1965 in Raas Cabaad, a small village of Mudug, Puntland, Somalia, Osman obtained a BSc in Civil Engineering from the Somali National University before fleeing the Civil War in 1991 and arriving as a refugee to London. In London he earned a master's degree from the University of Westminster[3] and served as a Labour Party councilor.[4] In 2008, he returned to Somalia to help rebuild the country after the war.[5]

Minister of Commerce and Industry[edit]

As the Minister of Commerce and Industry, Abdirahman Omar Osman served for 2 weeks starting from 12 January 2015 to 27 January 2015. However, Prime Minister Sharmarke dissolved his newly nominated cabinet due to vehement opposition by legislators, who rejected the reappointment of certain former ministers.[6] On 27 January 2015, Sharmarke appointed a new, smaller 20 minister cabinet of which Abdirahman Omar Osman was replaced by Hassan Ahmed Modey.[7] On 6 February, Sharmarke finalised his cabinet, consisting of 26 ministers, 14 state ministers, and 26 deputy ministers of which Abdirahman Omar Osman was reinstated to his earlier post.[8] He was then succeeded by Khadra Ahmed Dualle.[9]

Mayor of Mogadishu[edit]

Abdirahman Omar Osman was appointed Mayor of Mogadishu following the dismissal of the then Mayor, Thabit Abdi Mohammed, by President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed on 21 January 2018.

Death and International Reactions[edit]

On 24 July 2019, a female suicide bomber entered and blew herself up inside the Osman's Mogadishu mayoral office office, killing six government officials and injuring nine of Osman's staff.[10] Osman and James C. Swan, the recently appointed diplomat and special envoy to Somalia of the United States of America (who had formerly worked as the American diplomat to Djibouti and later the Democratic Republic of the Congo), were the main targets of the bomber, but Swan met the mayor earlier, leaving before the blast occurred.[11] Osman was critically wounded in the attack, and only got worse as he succumbed to his injuries a week later, on 1 August 2019, after having been transported to and hospitalised in Doha, Qatar.[12]

Osman was mourned by members of the international community, including Swan, who condemned the attack as 'heinous.' His life was also commemorated for his long years of civil service and objective to improve Somalia's unfavourable conditions. The East African Islamist terrorist organisation al-Shabaab (the Somalian-based jihadist splinter of al-Qaeda) declared its responsibility for the orchestrating of the attack, claiming that the suicide bomber was one of their militants.

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.garoweonline.com/so/news/somalia/magacyada-iyo-sawirrada-dadkii-loo-qabtay-qaraxii-zoobe-oo-la-shaaciyay
  2. ^ "Prime minister Omar announced his cabinet". Goobjoog news. January 12, 2015.
  3. ^ http://moi.gov.so/en/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/Yarisow-CV-19-March-2017.pdf
  4. ^ https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-somalia-mayor/mogadishu-mayor-once-a-london-councillor-wounded-in-a-blast-idUKKCN1UK2F8
  5. ^ https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-49197036
  6. ^ "Somali PM dissolves new cabinet". Xinhua. 17 January 2015. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
  7. ^ "Nominated Ministers and Their Clans". Goobjoog. 28 January 2015. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
  8. ^ "Prime minister Omar announces 66 cabinet members". Goobjoog. 6 February 2015. Retrieved 6 February 2015.
  9. ^ "PM Khaire announces 27 member cabinet". Hiiraan Online. March 21, 2017.
  10. ^ Reuters (2019-08-01). "Mogadishu Mayor Dies of Injuries From Suicide Bombing". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-08-01.
  11. ^ Suicide bomber kills six in attack on Mogadishu mayor's office
  12. ^ Abdirahman Omar Osman, Mogadishu mayor, dies after suicide bombing