Abdol Hossein Dastgheib

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Abdol Hossein Dastgheib
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TitleGrand Ayatollah
Personal
Born(1913-12-08)December 8, 1913
DiedDecember 11, 1981(1981-12-11) (aged 68)
Shiraz, Iran
Cause of deathBombing
Resting placeImam Ali Mosque
ReligionUsuli Twelver Shia Islam
Parents
  • Seyed Mohammad Taqi (father)
Senior posting
Based inShiraz, Iran
PostGrand Ayatollah

Abdol Hossein Dastgheib (8 December 1913 -11 December 1981). He was appointed as Imam of Friday Prayer and one of the representatives of the Supreme Leader in Shiraz. He was a Mujtahidd, expert in Arabic language, theology, revealed texts, and the principles of jurisprudence (Usul al-fiqh). He was killed by the People's Mujahedin of Iran.

Biography[edit]

Dastgheib's father Seyed Mohammad Taqi, who taught elementary education, died when he was 11 or 12 years old. He continued his education after the death his father in Shiraz, then continued his education in Najaf. After returning to Iran, he commenced serious political activities.[1].

Political activities[edit]

Before Iranian Revolution[edit]

He was a political struggle during Pahlavi dynasty. He was imprisoned for criticizing government policies and forced by the regime to leave Iran,[2] returning in 1962[3]. He supported Ruhollah Khomeini and continued to perform political activities against the regime.[4] On June 5 1963, he was arrested and exiled to Tehran, and in 1964, he was again arrested and sent into exile. He was the leader of people of Shiraz in the struggle against the Pahlavi. In 1977, the regime placed him under house arrest but had to retreat for people’s reaction.[5][6]After people were massacred during public demonstrations in Shiraz against shah's regime, he was arrested.[7]

After Iranian Revolution[edit]

He was appointed as Imam of Friday Prayer and representative of the Supreme Leader in Shiraz[8], and was a Mujtahidd who was expert in the Arabic language, theology, revealed texts, and the principles of jurisprudence (Usul al-fiqh).[1] He was a representative of the people of Fars in the Assembly of Experts[9].

Mentors[edit]

Books[edit]

He authored the following books.[9]

  1. Everlasting heaven
  2. Certain role
  3. Faith
  4. Resurrection
  5. Sermon of shabarieh
  6. Hosseini uprising
  7. Great sins
  8. Humble prayers
  9. Great Fatemeh Zahra and Zeinab
  10. Ascension to heaven
  11. Prophecy
  12. Heart of Quran
  13. Introduction from the Quran
  14. Another world
  15. Islamic behavior
  16. questions
  17. Secrecy of the Quran
  18. Office of Imam (Imamate)
  19. Truth from Quran
  20. Eternity
  21. Friday sermons
  22. Salim's heart
  23. Manners from the Quran
  24. Unitarianism
  25. Fantastic stories
  26. Sayed-Ol-Shohada

Terror[edit]

On 11 December 1981, Dastgheib and seven companions were killed in a bomb explosion as they were travelling to the mosque to lead Friday prayer.[8][10]The People's Mujahedin of Iran claimed responsibility for the act.[11][8]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Seyed Abdol-Hossain Dastgheib". Tebyan. 29 December 2004. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  2. ^ "A description of the life of Ayatollah Dashegib". tasnim.
  3. ^ "martyrdom of Ayatullah Dashegib".
  4. ^ "Ayatollah Dasheghib was martyred".
  5. ^ "The Martyrdom of Ayatollah Dastgheib". The Cultural website of Matyrdom and Sacrifice. 11 December 2013. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  6. ^ "Strange sleep of Ayatollah Dashegib before the martyrdom". farsnews.
  7. ^ Fischer, Michael M. J. (June 1, 2003). Iran: From Religious Dispute to Revolution (2nd, With a new introduction ed.). University of Wisconsin Press. p. 195-197. ISBN 978-0299184742.
  8. ^ a b c "Aide to Khomeini Killed by a Bomb". New York Times. 12 December 1981. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  9. ^ a b "Index of memories of martyr Ayatollah Dastgheib". The Cultural website of Martyrdom and Sacrifice. 17 December 2007. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  10. ^ Nash, Jay Robert (1998). Terrorism in the 20th Century: A Narrative Encyclopedia from the Anarchists, Through the Weathermen, to the Unabomber. M. Evans and Company, 1998. p. 370. ISBN 9780871318558.
  11. ^ "Suicide terror of People's Mujahedin of Iran". farsnews.