March 17, 1923|
|Died||September 15, 1999
|Known for||scholar of Iranian literature, history of literature, Persian culture and history|
Abdolhossein Zarinkoob (Luri/Persian: عبدالحسین زرینکوب, also Romanized as Zarrinkoub, Zarrinkub) (March 17, 1923 – September 15, 1999) was a prominent scholar of Iranian literature, history of literature, Persian culture and history.
He was born on March 19, 1923 in Borujerd, Iran, received his PhD from Tehran University in 1955 under the supervision of Badiozzaman Forouzanfar, and held faculty positions at universities such as Oxford University, Sorbonne, and Princeton University, among many others.
Some of his more famous works in English are:
- The Arab Conquest of Iran and its aftermath: in Cambridge History of Iran, Vol. 4, London, 1975.
- Persian Sufism in its historical background, Iranian studies III, 1970
- Nizami, a Lifelong Quest for a Utopia, 1977, Rome.
Literary criticism and comparative literature
Zarrinkoob boosted comparative literature and Persian literary criticism. His book entitled "Naqda Adabi" (نقد ادبی, "Literary Criticism") is a classic book on Persian literary criticism.
Rumi and Erfan
Zarrinkoub is also known for his research on the Persian poet Molana Jalaleddin Balkhi (Rumi) and his works. Zarrinkoub's "Serr-e Ney" (سرّ نی, "Secret of the Reed") and "Bahr dar Koozeh" (بحر در کوزه, "Sea in a Jug") are critical and comparative analysis of Rumi's Masnavi. "Pelleh-Pelleh ta Mulaqat-e Khuda" (پلهپله تا ملاقات خدا, "Step by Step until Visiting God") is also a work he carried out on the same line.
Zarrinkoub's research works on Hafez and Persian mysticism resulted in several books: "Az Kooche-ye Rendan" (از کوچهٔ رندان) and "Arzeshe Miras-e Soofieh" (ارزش میراث صوفیه) are a few examples.
History of Persia
Zarrinkoob’s other notable book is titled Rouzegaran, (روزگاران) (The Ages) (Iran's history from the beginning to the fall of the Pahlavi) which covers the 3, 000-year history of Iran, since the Aryans migrated to the Iranian plateau, giving it their name.
Other notable Iranologists:
- Alireza Shapour Shahbazi
- Richard Nelson Frye
- Ehsan Yarshater
- Mohammad-Amin Riahi
- Ahmad Tafazzoli
- Mehrdad Bahar
- http://theprince.princeton.edu/cgi-bin/princeton?a=d&d=Princetonian19691008-01. 2. 18&cl=search&srpos=20&dliv=none&st=1&e=-------en-Logical-50--1-byTY-on--summer-ILLUSTRATION---1969 A. H. Zarrinkoub, visiting professor from the University of Tehran, will give the first of a series of weekly lectures on Persian Mystical Literature in its Historical Context.
- ʻAbd al-Ḥusayn Zarrīnʹkūb (2000). Dū qarn sukūt: sarguz̲asht-i ḥavādis̲ va awz̤āʻ-i tārīkhī dar dū qarn-i avval-i Islām (Two Centuries of Silence). Tihrān: Sukhan. OCLC 46632917. ISBN 964-5983-33-6.
- ʻAbd al-Ḥusayn Zarrīnʹkūb (2012). Ruzgaran: Tarikh-i Iran az aghaz ta suqut-i saltanat-i Pahlavi (13th ed. 1391 ed.). Tehran, Iran: Elm Pub. ISBN 978-964-6961-11-1.