Abdollah Nouri

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Abdollah Nouri
Chairman of City Council of Tehran
In office
29 April 1999 – 11 September 1999
DeputySaeed Hajjarian
Succeeded byAbbas Douzdouzani
Vice President of Iran
for Development and Social Affairs[1]
In office
21 June 1998 – 5 November 1998[2]
PresidentMohammad Khatami
Minister of the Interior
In office
20 August 1997 – 21 June 1998
PresidentMohammad Khatami
Preceded byAli Mohammad Besharati
Succeeded byMostafa Tajzadeh (acting)
In office
29 August 1989 – 16 August 1993
PresidentAkbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Preceded byAli Akbar Mohtashamipur
Succeeded byAli Mohammad Besharati
Member of the Parliament of Iran
In office
28 May 1996 – 14 August 1997
ConstituencyTehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr
Majority448,874 (31.3%)[3]
In office
28 May 1984 – 28 May 1988
ConstituencyIsfahan
Majority102,248 (64.8%)
Personal details
Born1950 (age 72–73)
Isfahan, Iran
Political partyAssociation of Combatant Clerics
Other political
affiliations
Executives of Construction Party (affiliate non-member)
RelativesAlireza Noori (brother)
Military service
Branch/serviceRevolutionary Guards
Years of service1989
CommandsSupreme leader's representative

Abdollah Noori (Persian: عبدالله نوری English pronunciation) is an Iranian cleric and reformist politician. Despite his "long history of service to the Islamic Republic," he became the most senior Islamic politician to be sentenced to prison since the Iranian Revolution, when he was sentenced to five years in prison for political and religious dissent in 1999.[4] He has been called the "bête noire" of Islamic conservatives in Iran.[5]

Noori is a senior member of Association of Combatant Clerics,[6] and also close ally of the Executives of Construction Party.[7][8]

Career[edit]

Abdollah Nouri was called a "trusted lieutenant" of Ayatollah Khomeini who was "the religious guide to the Revolutionary Guards early in the revolution."[9] Khomeini appointed him as his representative to many other important organizations as well.[4] Khomeini's successor, supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, also appointed him a member "of a powerful council which advises him on major policies". However, Abdollah Nouri also supported dissident cleric, Grand Ayatollah Hossein-Ali Montazeri, who was placed under house arrest in 1997 for questioning the authority of Ayatollah Khamenei.[4]

Nouri served as minister of interior for four years in then-President Hashemi Rafsanjani's first term cabinet. He also served as the minister of interior in Mohammad Khatami's first term cabinet until his impeachment by the conservative-controlled 5th Majlis for his "defence of political and social freedoms." Following his impeachment, Khatami brought Abdullah Nouri back to his cabinet as a vice president.[4] He was "generally seen as the most outspoken reformist" in Khatami's cabinet.[4]

In February 1999, he stood down from this post to take part in the municipal elections in February and was elected as the chief of the City Council of Tehran.

He resigned from the Council in order to participate in the sixth parliamentary election. He founded a newspaper and named it Khordad, named after the victory of President Khatami on the 2nd of Khordad, 1376 by the Iranian calendar, equivalent to 23 May 1997. His newspaper advocated "freedom of expression, human rights and a modern and democratic Islam."[4]

Trial[edit]

Based on the contents of this newspaper, Nouri was accused of insulting Islamic values by pushing for democratic reforms, dishonoring Imam Ruhollah Khomeini's memory by questioning the authority of the Supreme Leader. According to a Western journalist, another explanation for his prosecution was that Nouri was very popular in Tehran and "the odds on favorite to become Speaker of Parliament in the February 2000 Parliamentary election," something imprisonment would prevent.[9]

He was tried by the Special Clerical Court in Iran and made an "outspoken and aggressive defense during his trial",[4] refusing to accept the authority of this court, which he saw as unconstitutional.

On 27 November 1999, he was convicted of insulting Ayatollah Khomeini, publishing anti-religious materials, disturbing public opinion, insulting officials, advocating links with the United States and was sentenced to five years in jail.[10][11]

Readers of the Iranian voted him the most significant Iranian personality of 1999.[12]

Release[edit]

Nouri was released from prison on 5 November 2002.[13] He was released because his brother Alireza Noori, a member of parliament at the time, was killed in an accident. Noori was freed from Evin Prison when Mehdi Karroubi, speaker of the Majlis at the time, wrote a letter to the Supreme Leader and asked him to free Noori as his father was suffering from the loss of his other son.[citation needed]

Abdollah Nouri was mentioned as a possible candidate in the 2009 presidential election,[5] but did not run.

Analysis[edit]

He is considered as one of the leading pragmatists among reformers, though his policies were aligned with Khomeini’s doctrines.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ David Lea (2001), A Political Chronology of the Middle East, Psychology Press, p. 62, ISBN 9781857431155
  2. ^ "Abdollah Nouri Reportedly Resigns". Tehran Times. 7 November 1998. 20228.
  3. ^ Members Archived 19 September 2016 at the Wayback Machine Iranian Parliament.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Profile of Abdollah Nouri. BBC News
  5. ^ a b Abdollah Nouri’s Two Conditions for Candidacy[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ Antoine, Olivier; Sfeir, Roy (2007), The Columbia World Dictionary of Islamism, Columbia University Press, p. 153, ISBN 9780231146401
  7. ^ Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Iran: The National Kargozaran-Sazandegi Party; political view, its leaders, branches, and participation in any election in Iran (1998), 19 February 2002, IRN38586.E, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3df4be498.html [accessed 19 March 2017]
  8. ^ Muhammad Sahimi (12 May 2009). "The Political Groups". Tehran Bureau. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
  9. ^ a b Sciolino, Elaine Persian Mirrors: the Elusive Face of Irans, Free Press, 2000, 2005 p. 307-8
  10. ^ Iran: Abdollah Nouri, prisoner of conscience
  11. ^ Shea, Nina (26 January 2009). ""Insulting Islam": One Way Street in the Wrong Direction". Hudson Institute. Archived from the original on 14 June 2009. Retrieved 16 July 2009.
  12. ^ Iran's Galileo
  13. ^ "Iran: Abdollah Nouri's release welcomed, but all prisoners of conscience must also be released". Amnesty International. n.d. Retrieved 26 July 2009.
  14. ^ David Menashri (2001). post revolutionary politics In iran. Frank Cass. p. 50.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by Minister of Interior
1989–1993
1997–1998
Succeeded by
Preceded by Succeeded by
Military offices
Preceded by
Mohammad-Reza Faker
Representative of the Supreme leader in
Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps

1989–1990
Succeeded by
Mahmoud Mohammadi-Araghi
Civic offices
New title
Council founded
Chairman of City Council of Tehran
1999
Succeeded by
Assembly seats
New title Parliamentary leader of reformists
Head of Hezbollah Assembly

1996–1997
Succeeded by
Honorary titles
New title Most-voted Councilor of Tehran
1999
Succeeded by