Abductor pollicis brevis muscle

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Abductor pollicis brevis muscle
1121 Intrinsic Muscles of the Hand Superficial sin.png
Superficial muscles of the left hand, palmar view.
Details
OriginTransverse carpal ligament, the scaphoid and trapezium[1]
InsertionRadial base of proximal phalanx of thumb and the thumb extensors[1]
ArterySuperficial palmar arch
NerveRecurrent branch of the median nerve
ActionsAbduction of the thumb by acting across the carpometacarpal joint and the metacarpophalangeal joint. It also assists in opposition and extension of the thumb.
AntagonistAdductor pollicis muscle
Identifiers
Latinmusculus abductor pollicis brevis
TAA04.6.02.054
FMA37373
Anatomical terms of muscle

The abductor pollicis brevis is a muscle in the hand that functions as an abductor of the thumb.

Structure[edit]

The abductor pollicis brevis is a flat, thin muscle located just under the skin. It is a thenar muscle, and therefore contributes to the bulk of the palm's thenar eminence.

It originates from the flexor retinaculum of the hand, the tubercle of the scaphoid bone, and additionally sometimes from the tubercle of the trapezium.

Running lateralward and downward, it is inserted by a thin, flat tendon into the lateral side of the base of the first phalanx of the thumb and the capsule of the metacarpophalangeal joint.

Nerve supply[edit]

The abductor pollicis brevis is innervated by the recurrent branch of the median nerve (Roots C5- C7 and C8-T1 in the brachial plexus lateral and medial cords respectively).[citation needed]

Actions[edit]

Abduction of the thumb is defined as the movement of the thumb anteriorly, a direction perpendicular to the palm. The abductor pollicis brevis does this by acting across both the carpometacarpal joint and the metacarpophalangeal joint.

It also assists in opposition and extension of the thumb.

Additional images[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 461 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)