Abdul-Karim Ha'eri Yazdi

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Abdul-Karim Ha'eri Yazdi

Grand Ayatollah Hajj Sheikh Abdolkarim Haeri Yazdi (Persian: عبدالکریم حائری یزدی‎‎; Arabic: عبد الكريم الحائري اليزدي‎; ‘Abd al-Karī̄m al-Ḥa’irī̄ al-Yazdī̄) (1859 — January 30, 1937) was a Twelver Shia Muslim cleric and marja. He was known as the founder of an important Islamic seminary (hawza) in Qom, Iran, and for his "studied disinterest in politics". Among his students was Ruhollah Khomeini.

Early life[edit]

Haeri was born in the city of Meybod in Mehrjard village in southeastern Iran.[1] He studied at Yazd, then at Samarra under Grand Ayatollah Mirza Hassan Shirazi, completed his training at Najaf with Mohammad-Kazem Khorasani and Muhammad Kazim Yazdi.[2] In 1906, he reportedly became disenchanted with the politicization from the Iranian Constitutional Revolution and moved back to Najaf, Iraq. When Najaf became political, he moved to Karbala until political excitement cooled in 1913 when he moved back to Arak in Iran. By 1921, he was a "well-known and respected teacher" and "good administrator" and he accepted an invitation of Mullahs in Qom "to act as doyen" to the circles of learning in that Shrine town.[3]

Under Haeri, Qom moved from a respectable provincial Madrasah to a major center of learning close to the level of Najaf. Although "some of his contemporaries outshone" him as jurisconsults, Haeri became the marja for "many religious Iranians."[4]

Haeri's quietism was reflected in his willingness to meet cordially with both Shah Ahmad Shah Qajar and Prime Minister Reza Khan.[5]

Qom Seminary[edit]

Hussein Khomeini (grandson of Abdul Karim Haeri and Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini) said about it:

Blazer poor that the Quran burning fire in the mosque tried to stop Alleged Quran burning and was accused of being a Baha'i. The death sentence the accused by state was given to the religious scholars. The large number of religious scholars gather and The first spiritual Signed sentence. When it comes to Sheikh Abdul Karim he refused to sign, saying that it is wrong; but the rest of the Clergymen do not accept Sheikh. Sheikh upset and Arak pilgrimage to Mashhad and Qom in the way of going. In Qom, he will be asked to stay in the city And revive the Qom Seminary. Sheikh proposal rejected, But the return of Mashhad Qom clerics once again repeat the offer Finally, Sheikh Abdul Karim Haeri stay in Qom And restore the Qom Seminary."[6]



See also[edit]


  1. ^ Momen 1985, p. 312.
  2. ^ Momen 1985, p. 313.
  3. ^ Mottahedeh, Roy P. (1985). The mantle of the Prophet: religion and politics in Iran. Simon and Schuster. p. 228. ISBN 978-0-671-55197-1. 
  4. ^ Mottahedeh 1985, p. 229.
  5. ^ Mottahedeh 1985, p. 229".
  6. ^ Haeri Yazdi. Ayatollah Abdulkarim.