Abdul Halim Sharar

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Abdul Halim Sharar
Born Abdul Halim Sharar
(1860-09-04)September 4, 1860
Lucknow, United Provinces, British India
Died 1 December 1926(1926-12-01) (aged 66)
Lucknow, United Provinces, British India
Occupation Novelist, poet, essayist, historian, playwright
Nationality Indian
Period 1885–1926
Genre Drama, nonfiction, history, personal correspondence
Notable works Firdaus-e-Bareen; Zawāl-e-Baghdad; Husn kā Daku; Darbar-e-Harampur; Guzishta Lucknow

Abdul Halim Sharar (Urdu: عبدالحلیم شرر‎; 4 September 1860 – 1 December 1926)[1][2] was a prolific Indian author, playwright, essayist and historian from Lucknow. He left behind, in all, hundred and two books. He often wrote about the Islamic past and extolled virtues like courage, bravery, magnanimity and religious fervour. Malikul Azia Vārjina (1889), Firdaus-e-Bareen (1899), Zawāl-e-Baghdad (1912), Husn kā Daku (1913–1914), Darbar-e-Harampur (1914) and Fateh Maftūh (1916) are some of his famous novels.

His book Guzishta Lucknow is still considered as one of the best narrative describing the genesis of the city and its culture of Lucknow.

Early life[edit]

Abdul Halim Sharar was born in Lucknow in 1860. His father Hakim Tafazzul Husain was a scholar of Islamic religion and Persian literature. Sharar was educated at home where he learnt Arabic and Persian. After spending the first nine years of his life at Lucknow, Sharar joined his father at Matiya Burj in Calcutta in 1869, who was in the court of the exiled King of Awadh, Wajid Ali Shah. Sharar remained at Matiya Burj till 1879, and he also contributed to the columns of the urdu newspaper "Awadh Akhbaar" as its Matiya Burj correspondent.[3][4] He started learning Greek medicine system but did not finish it. In 1880 Sharar married his first cousin.

Works[edit]

فردوس بریں This Historical content tells us when a new sect was tried to invent and was named فرقہ باطنیہ (Sect of Spirituality) and their leaders conspired to rule out Islam and they established highly secret society and they created artificial Paradise. They would make people stunned by their network of spies. They would sneak up a person's personal life and would pretend to tell the hidden (غیب) then that person would become their devotee and would do anything they would demand. History shows they captured a lot of people and made them to kill many renowned people and Scholars (علماء). According to history Halaku Khan (ہلاکو خان) son of Ganges Khan or Changez Khan in Urdu چنگیز خان found these people and he disposed of them all.[5] He authored a magazine dil gudaaz initially from Luckhnow and later from Hyderabad where he was in the service of Nizam of Hyderabad.[6][7]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Firdaus-e-Bareen
  • Hasan Angelina (1889)
  • Guzishta Lucknow
  • Malikul Aziz Varjinia (1889)
  • Mansur Mohana (1890)
  • "Philpana"

Asray Qadeem

Firdaus Bareen

Islami Swaneh Umriaan

Darbar-E- Harampur

Afsana Qais...

Afsana e Mateen...

Agha Sadiq Ki Shadi...

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Abdul Halim Sharar biography" (PDF). columbia.edu. Retrieved 1 January 2013. 
  2. ^ Sheldon I. Pollock (2003). Literary Culture in History: Reconstructions from South Asia. University of California Press. pp. 881–. ISBN 978-0-520-22821-4. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  3. ^ Harcourt, E.S. (2012). Lucknow the Last Phase of an Oriental Culture (seventh ed.). Delhi: Oxford University Press. p. 17. ISBN 0-19-563375-X. 
  4. ^ HarhH.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ "Soul of a city". The Hindu. Retrieved 1 January 2013. 
  6. ^ "Abdul Haleem Sharar [1860-1926]". mcrc.org.uk. Retrieved 22 May 2013. 
  7. ^ "Abdul Haleem Sharar" (PDF). columbia.edu. Retrieved 22 May 2013.