Abdul Khaliq (athlete)

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Abdul Khaliq
Abdul Khaliq (Fastest Man of Asia).jpg
Abdul Khaliq, "the fastest man of Asia"
Personal information
Nickname(s)The Flying bird of Asia
NationalityPakistani
Born(1933-11-29)29 November 1933
Died10 March 1988(1988-03-10) (aged 54)
Rawalpindi
EducationMatric
OccupationTrack and field athlete
Years active1950–1962
EmployerPakistan Army and also National Athletics Coach at National Sports Trust, Pakistan
Sport
CountryPakistan
SportAthletics
Event(s)100m, 200m, 4*100m, 100y, 110y, 200y, 220y,
Achievements and titles
Personal best(s)
  • 100 m : 10.2 (1959, GR)
  • 200 m: 20.8 (1956)
Updated on 2 April 2014.
Abdul Khaliq
Nickname(s)Subedar
Buried
Jand
Allegiance Pakistan
Years of service1971–1978
Battles/warsIndo-Pakistani War of 1965
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
AwardsPride of Performance

Abdul Khaliq (Urdu: صوبیدارعبدالخالق پرندہ ایشیاء‎)(Subedar Abdul Khaliq, Parinda e Asia) (23 March 1933 – 10 March 1988)[1] was a Pakistani sprinter who won 36 international gold medals, 15 international silver medals and 12 International bronze medals for Pakistan.[2] He competed in 100m, 200m and 4 x 100 metres relay. He participated in the 1956 Melbourne Olympics and 1960 Rome Olympics and also in 1954 Asian Games & 1958 Asian Games. He was included in the top seven athletes of the time.[3] [4] His younger brother, Captain Abdul Malik also participated 1960 Rome Olympics. He was born in the small village of Jand in Chakwal, Punjab, now in Pakistan, and died on 10 March 1988 in Rawalpindi.[1]

International career[edit]

1954[edit]

1954 Asian Games[edit]

During the 1954 Asian Games, Khaliq set a new record of 10.6 seconds in a 100 meters race by beating the previous record of 10.8 seconds held by Lavy Pinto of India. Abdul Khaliq was dubbed as Fastest Man of Asia.[5][6] The then Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru who was the chief guest dubbed him as "The Flying Bird of Asia".[7] Abdul Khaliq was 21 years old when he was dubbed as "The Fastest Man of Asia & The Flying Bird of Asia". Khaliq was also the first man of the Asian Games who was dubbed with the title of "Fastest Man of Asia." He was also one and only athlete of Pakistan who was dubbed as fastest man of Asia. With the contribution of Abdul Khaliq Pakistan got 4th place in 1954 Asian games with the help of 13 Medals.[2][8][9]

  100m Gold Medal
  4 * 100m Relay 		Silver Medal
  • Represented World Military Games held at Canada

Commonwealth and British Empire Games[edit]

  100y Semi-finalist
  4*110yards Finalist[2]

1955[edit]

  • Represented the World Military Games at Athens (Greece)

1956[edit]

Indo-Pak Meet at Delhi[edit]

Abdul Khaliq created new Asian records in both the 100 and 200 meters events. Abdul Khaliq won 100m dash by defeating Indian athlete V.K. Rai.

  100m Gold Medal (10.4sec New Pakistan & Asian Record)

Abdul Khaliq triumphed in 200m race and defeated Lavy Pinto of India. Muhammad Sharif Butt broke the record of 200m in 22.0 seconds held by lavy Pinto in 1954 Asian games. at the 21.9 sec. Later on this record was broken by Abdul Khaliq.

  200m Gold Medal (21.4 sec New Pakistan & Asian Record)[2]

World Military Games at Berlin[edit]

Abdul Khaliq Finished third in the Final of the 100m with 10.4 sec which was equal to his Delhi timing.[2][10]

   100m	      Bronze Medal 10.5 secs.
   200m		 Bronze Medal 21.4 secs
 4*100m	         Bronze Medal

Pakistan Athletics Training Program in England[edit]

Sub. Abdul Khaliq the Fastest Man of Asia defeated Britain Number 1 and Number 2 Shanton and Spooner in the both of Sprints.[2][10][11]

 100yards  	Gold Medal (10.1 sec)

He won 100 Yards in 10.1 sec in an international meet in high land games on a turf track which was rendered wet due to incessant rains in the morning. Here he defeated athletes from 15 countries of Europe. Some of the leading coaches described it as a very good performance and said it was equal to 9.5 sec on a cinder track.

Victorian Relay Championship[edit]

Abdul Khaliq produced a scintillating 100 meters race in 10.4 seconds, equalling the Australian National record at Olympics Park. Khaliq's was only one-tenth of a second outside of Bobby Morrow's Gold Medal in the Olympic Games 100m final. On 24 November 1956 Saturday (The day of Semi-final and Final of 100m in Melbourne Olympics 1956) Abdul Khaliq had to run two hard races on the same day as "Anchor Man" for the winning Pakistan team in 4x110-yard in Victorian Relay Championship before tackling 100m dash of the semi-final of 1956 Melbourne Olympic Games. With Khaliq running the last leg, the Pakistan team romped home 10 yards clear in the final clocking 41.6 seconds, one-tenth of a second outside of the national record held by the Australian Olympics team.[12]

100m 10.4 seconds (Gold Medal)
4*110yards 41.6 seconds (Gold Medal)

Melbourne Olympics[edit]

In the 1956 Abdul Khaliq was at his best. He reached to the level of Semi-finals of both the events 100m and 200m races. On 24 November 1956 Saturday (The day of Semi-final and Final of 100m in Melbourne Olympics 1956) Abdul Khaliq had to run two hard races on the same day as "Anchor Man" for the Winning Pakistan Team in 4*110-yard in Victorian Relay Championship before Tackling 100m dash of Semi-final of 1956 Melbourne Olympic Games. But he unfortunately failed to reach to the finals. In 200m race his performance was outstanding. He finished the race in 21.1 sec in both rounds. 21.1 seconds was best time of all rounds except of final. His performance placed him in top most seven athletes of the time[2][10] [13] [14] [15] [16][17]

100 Metres
First Round, Heat 3 (The first two in each heat qualified for the second round.)

Rank Name Country Time
1 Morrow USA 10.7
2 A. Khaliq Pakistan 10.8
3 M. Steinbach Germany 10.8
4 R. Romero Venezuela 10.9
5 E. Iglesias Cuba 11.3


Second Round, Heat 2 (The first three in each heat qualified for the Semi-finals.)

Rank Name Country Time
1 I. J. Murchison USA 10.3 EOR
2 A. Khaliq Pakistan 10.5
3 I. Konovalov USSR 10.7
4 L. Gnocchi Italy 10.8
5 E. Turton Trinidad 11.2
6 B. K. Nguda Uganda 12.8


On Same day Abdul Khaliq come after running 4*110 yards from Victorian Relay Championship. It will become very difficult to run 100m dash for him. He could not perform his best because of not proper rest.
Semi-final, Heat 1 (The first three in each heat qualified for the Final)

Rank Name Country Time
1 I. J. Murchison USA 10.5
2 M. Agostini Trinidad 10.5
3 M. Germar Germany 10.6
4 A. Khaliq Pakistan 10.6
5 S. A. Levenson Canada 10.7
6 I. Konovalov USSR 10.8

200 Metres
First Round, Heat 5 (The first two in each heat qualified for the second round.)

Rank Name Country Time
1 A. Khaliq Pakistan 21.1
2 M. L. Rae New Zealand 21.4
3 J. Pires Sobrinho Brazil 21.6
4 T. A. Robinson Bahamas 21.6
5 S. Jakabfy Hungary 21.6
6 M. Spence Jamaica 21.7

Second Round, Heat 1 (The first three in each heat qualified for the Semi-finals.)

Rank Name Country Time
1 A. Khaliq Pakistan 21.1
2 M. Agostini Trinidad 21.1
3 L. Pohl Germany 21.3
4 L. Bartenev USSR 21.4
5 B. Goldoványi Hungary 21.5
6 E. Schmidt Poland 21.6


Semi-final, Heat 1 (The first three in each heat qualified for the Final)

Rank Name Country Time
1 W. T. Backer USA 21.1
2 B. Morrow USA 21.3
3 J. Telles da Conceicao Brazil 21.4
4 A. Khaliq Pakistan 21.5
5 K. Haas Germany 21.5
6 M. L. Rae New Zealand 21.5


4*100 Metres Relay
Round One, Heat 1 (The first three in each heat qualified for the Next Round) Athletes from the following five Countries Participated in this round.
1. United States 2. Great Britain 3. Pakistan 4. Venezuela 5. Liberia

1st Part 2nd Part 3rd Part 4th Part Time
Thane Baker Leamon King Bobby Joe Morrow Ira Murchison 40.5s
Kenneth Box Roy Sandstrom David Segal Brian Shenton 41.2s
Abdul Aziz Muhamad Sharif Butt Abdul Khaliq Ghulam Raziq 41.3s[15]
Alfonso Bruno Clive Bonas Rafael Romero Apolinar Solorzano 42.0s
George Johnson Edward Martins Emmanuel Gbecy Putu James Roberts 47.7s

Semi-final, Heat 2 (The first three in each heat qualified for the Next Round) Athletes from the following six Countries Participated in this round.
1. Soviet Union 2. Germany 3. Great Britain 4. Australia 5. Pakistan 6. Japan

1st Part 2nd Part 3rd Part 4th Part Time
Leonid Bartenev Yuri Konovalov Vladimir Soukharev Boris Tokarev 40.3s
Heinz Futterer Manfred Germar Lothar Knorzer Leonhard Pohl 40.5s
Kenneth Box Roy Sandstrom David Segal Brian Shenton 40.6s
Gavin Carragher Hector Hogan Raymond Land Edward McGlynn 40.8s
Abdul Aziz Muhamad Sharif Butt Abdul Khaliq Ghulam Raziq 40.8s
Kanji Akagi Akira Kiyofuji Masaji Tajima Kyohei Ushio 41.3s
          100m		 Semi-finalist[16]
          200m		 Semi-finalist (21.1 Sec New Pakistan record)[16]
         4*100m 	 Semi-finalist (40.8 sec new Pakistan record)[16]

Final Standing in Melbourne Olympics[edit]

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal
1 Bobby Joe Morrow 21 United States USA Gold
2 Thane Baker 25 United States USA Silver
3 Hec Hogan 25 Australia AUS Bronze
4 Ira Murchison 23 United States USA
5 Manfred Germar 21 Germany GER
6 Mike Agostini 21 Trinidad and Tobago TTO
4 h1 r3/4 Abdul Khaliq 23 Pakistan PAK[13]
4 h2 r3/4 Morrie Rae 21 New Zealand NZL
5 h1 r3/4 Stan Levenson 18 Canada CAN
5 h2 r3/4 Marian Foik 23 Poland POL

1957[edit]

World Military Games Athen[edit]

In 100m meters Abdul Khaliq got 2nd position and was beaten by USA Pakistan secured fifth position.[2][10]

             100m 		Silver Medal

Tehran (Iran)[edit]

             100m 		Gold Medal (in the time of 10.8 sec)
             200m 		Gold Medal (22 sec)

Manchester Athletics Meet[edit]

Abdul Khaliq Equaled the British all-comer record of 9.6 sec for the 100-yard sprints. He won by inches from American B.Thomes.1[2]

        100 yards	(9.6 sec)

Dublin Athletics Meet[edit]

Khaliq won the 100 yards dash at 9.8 sec. He Beat Britain's D. Roberts.[2]

            100 yards   	(9.8 sec)

Glasgow Rangers Sports[edit]

Khaliq won two events. Abdul Khaliq Clocked 11.6 seconds in 120 yards handicap in which he started from scratch. In 220 yards he was too strong, for British runner. He beat Shenton who returned 22.0 second.[2]

           120 yards	        (11.6sec)
           220 yards	        (21.8sec)

Highland Games Edinburg (Scotland)[edit]

Khaliq participated in 100 yards and got first position.[2]

      100 yards 	(9.9sec)

London[edit]

Khaliq finished close second to Brittan's R. Sandsorm in the 100m dash.[2]

       100m		(10.6sec)

1958[edit]

British Empire and Commonwealth Games Cardif[edit]

      100yards Semi-finalist (9.8sec)

1958 Asian Games at Tokyo[edit]

Khaliq participated in 3rd Asian Games at Tokyo. He defended his title in the 100m race.[2][18] Abdul Khaliq won 100m race by defeating Kyohei Ushio of Japan. Abdul Khaliq won 3 medals in 3rd Asian Games. With the Khaliq's contribution Pakistan secured 2nd position in Athletics and 6th in overall ranking.

      100m	             Gold Medal (10.88sec) 
      200m 		Silver Medal (21.7)
     4*100m 	        Bronze Medal.

Dual Empire Games[edit]

Khaliq was 3rd in the 100 yards.[2]

     100yards	        Bronze Medal (9.9sec)

London[edit]

Khaliq won 220 yards in 21.5 seconds.[2]

      220yards Gold Medal 21.5 seconds

1959[edit]

Goetburgh (Sweden)[edit]

In 100m race Khaliq was 4th.[2]

Malmo[edit]

In the 100m race Khaliq was third.[2]

Stockholm[edit]

   100m 10.7sec[2][10]
   200m 21.6sec

Gavel[edit]

Khaliq finished behind Abdon Saye of France in 21.9 seconds in 200m.[2]

Boraas[edit]

Khaliq took 200m dash in 21.7 sec.[2]

   200m 21.7sec

Gothenburg[edit]

Khaliq was second in 100m one tenth of a second behind the winner.[2]

   100m 10.8sec

Bradford (England)[edit]

Khaliq won the 100 yards race clocking 10.1sec[2]

   100 yards	Gold Medal (10.1 sec)

International Meet at Dublin[edit]

Khaliq triumphed in the 220 yards clocking 22.2 sec to win.

Glasgow (Scotland)[edit]

Khaliq won the 120 yards sprint in 11.6sec.

1960[edit]

World Olympics 1960 (Rome)[edit]

100 metres
First Round, Heat 2 (The first three in each heat qualified for the second round.)
Abdul Khaliq had passed his peek time so he could not qualify for the next round.

Rank Name Country Time
1 Seraphino Antao KEN 10.5s
2 Armin Hary GER 10.6s
3 Heinz Mueller SUI 10.8s
4 Gustav Ntiforo GHA 11.0s
5 Isaac Gomez PHI 11.0s
6 Dennis Tipping AUS 11.2s
7 Abdul Khaliq PAK 11.2s[19]

4*100 Metres Relay
Round One, Heat 3 (The first three in each heat qualified for the Next Round) Athletes from the following five Countries Participated in this round.
1. Germany 2. Pakistan 3. Poland 4. Grece

1st part 2nd part 3rd part 4th part Time
Bernd Cullmann Armin Hary Walter Mahlendorf Martin Lauer 39.5s
Ioannis Komitoudis Constantin Lolos Leonidas Kormalis Nikolaos Georgopoulos 41.6s
Abdul Malik Muhamad Ramzan Ali Ghulam Raziq Abdul Khaliq 42.5s[20]
Marian Foik Janusz Jarzembowski Jozef Schmidt Jerzy Juskowiak DQ

Cairo[edit]

   100m Gold Medal
   200m Gold Medal

International Meet at Lahore[edit]

   100m 10.4 seconds Gold medal
            (Fastest Man of the Meet)
   200m Bronze Medal
  4*100m 41.5 seconds Gold Medal[10]

1962[edit]

World Milary Games (Holland)[edit]

  100m Bronze Medal

International Meet in Ipoh (Malaysia)[edit]

  100m	    Silver Medal
  200m	    Bronze Medal

1962 Asian Games at Jakarta[edit]

In 100 meters Pakistan's both entries failed to qualify for the final. Holder of the previous two meets, Khaliq, finished fourth in the semi-final with 10.7 seconds.

In 200 Khaliq qualified for semi-final but did not produced the same to qualify for finals.

Coaching career[edit]

Athletic coaches clinic attended[edit]

 1967 at Murree for 6 weeks under German Coach
 1974 at Hassan Abdal under USA Coaches
 1976 at Lahore under Russian Coaches
 1981 at Rawalpindi under I.O.C Coaches

Coaching[edit]

Abdul Khaliq in center with Dr. Abdul Waheed Mughal and International Coaches in 1987 at West Germany
  • Army Coach 1965, 1966, 1967, 1970 & 1971
  • Punjab 1974 & 1975
  • National Coach 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977 & 1978
  • Joined National Sports Trust Asian Athletics Coach 23 December 1975
  • Punjab Sports Board Teachers Clinics
  • National Coaches Clinic 1976
  • Local PTI Clinic Lahore 1979

Achievements[edit]

Medals[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
100 y
09 0 02
120 y
02 0 0
100 m
13 08 04
220 y
02 01 01
200 m
07 04 04
4*110 y
01 0 0
4*100 m
02 02 01
International medals
Discipline Gold medal icon.svg Silver medal icon.svg Bronze medal icon.svg Total
Athletics 36 15 12 63

Presidential Award[edit]

Khaliq was given the Presidential Award Pride of Performance in 1958 by President Ayub Khan for his achievements.

Medals (international)[edit]

Sr. No. Year Venue Country Competitions Event Medal Time
Represented  Pakistan
1 1954 Manila Philippines 2nd Asian Games 100m Gold 10.6sec
(New Asian Record)
2 1954 Manila Philippines 2nd Asian Games 4*100m Silver 41.5 sec
3 1954 Madawala England Triangular Meet 100m Gold
4 1956 Delhi India Pakistan vs India 100m Gold 10.4sec
(New Asian Record)

(New Pakistan Record)

5 1956 Delhi India Pakistan vs India 200m Gold 21.4sec
(New Asian record)

(New Pakistan Record)

6 1956 Delhi India Pakistan vs India 4*100m Silver
7 1956 Berlin Germany International Military
Track and Field Championship
100m Bronze 10.4sec
8 1956 Berlin Germany International Military
Track and Field Championship
200m Bronze 21.4/10sec
9 1956 England England Pakistan Athlatics
Training Programme
100y Gold 10.1sec
10 1956 London England England National Competitions 100m Silver
11 1956 Edenburgh Highland Highland Games 100y Gold
12 1956 Kelang Australia International Meet Australia 200m Silver
14 1956 Victoria Australia Victorian Relay Championship 100m Gold 10.4 sec
15 1956 Victoria Australia Victorian Relay Championship 4* 100m Gold 41.6 sec
16 1956 Bandigo Australia International Meet Australia 100m Bronze
17 1956 England England Victorian Open Competitions 100m Gold
18 1957 White City England London vs New York 100y Gold
19 1957 White City England London vs New York 100m Gold 10.6sec
20 1957 Glasgow England Rangers Meet 120y Gold 11.6sec
21 1957 Glasgow England Rangers Meet 220y Gold 21.8sec
22 1957 Manchester England International Competitions 100y Gold 9.6sec
23 1957 Manchester England Open Meet 100y Gold
24 1957 Dublin England Irish International Meet 100y Gold
25 1957 Tehran Iran Pak Iran Competitions 100m Gold 10.8sec
26 1957 Tehran Iran Pak Iran Competitions 200m Gold 22sec
27 1957 Tehran Iran Pak Iran Competitions 4*100m Gold 40.8sec
28 1957 Aten Greece World Military Meet Athens 100m Silver
29 1957 Edinburgh Scotland Highland Games 100y Gold 9.9sec
30 1958 Tokyo Japan Japan International 100m Silver
31 1958 Hong Kong China International Meet 100m Gold
32 1958 Tokyo Japan 3rd Asian Games 100m Gold 10.9sec
33 1958 Tokyo Japan 3rd Asian Games 200m Silver 21.7sec
34 1958 Tokyo Japan 3rd Asian Games 4*100m Bronze 41.5
35 1958 Edinburgh Scotland Dual Empire Games 100y Bronze 9.9sec
36 1959 Bradford England International Meet England 100y Gold 10.1sec
37 1959 Bradford England International Meet England 220y Silver
38 1959 Bright Hill England International Meet England 100y Gold
39 1959 Delin Irish Irish International Meet 100m Gold
40 1959 Delin Irish Irish International Meet 200m Gold
41 1959 Cardif Wales Wales International 100m Gold
42 1959 Cardif Wales Wales International 200m Gold
43 1959 Glasgow England International Meet 120y Gold 11.6sec
44 1959 Malmo Sweden International Meet 100m Silver
45 1959 Malmo Sweden International Meet 200m Silver
46 1959 Gavel Sweden International Meet 200m Silver 21.9sec
47 1959 Stockholm Sweden International Meet 100m Silver 10.7sec
48 1959 Stockholm Sweden International Meet 200m Bronze 21.6sec
49 1959 Boras Sweden International Meet 200m Gold
50 1959 Gothenburgh Sweden International Meet 100m Silver 21.8sec
51 1959 Edinburgh Highland Highland Games 100m Silver
52 1959 Dublin Ireland International Track and Field Meet 220y Gold 22.2sec
53 1959 Cardif Wales International Dual Meet 100y Bronze 10sec
54 1959 Cardif Wales International Dual Meet 220y Bronze
55 1959 Maimoe Sweden International Meet 100m Bronze
56 1960 Lahore Pakistan First youth Festival
and Trianguler International Meet
100m Gold 10.4sec
57 1960 Lahore Pakistan First youth Festival
and Trianguler International Meet
200m Bronze
58 1960 Lahore Pakistan First youth Festival
and Trianguler International Meet
4*100m Gold 41.5sec
59 1960 Medawala England International Games 200m Gold
60 1960 Cario Egypt Egypt International Games 100m Gold
61 1960 Cario Egypt Egypt International Games 200m Gold
62 1962 Holand Holand World Military Games 100m Bronze
63 1962 Ipoh Malaysia International Meet 100m Silver
64 1962 Ipoh Malaysia International Meet 200m Bronze 22.1sec

Running statistics[edit]

Event Year Venue Time
100y 1957 Manchester 9.6
100y 1957 Edinburgh(Scotland) 9.9
100y 1958 Edinburgh(Scotland) 9.9
100m 1959 Rawalpindi 10.2
100m 1956 Abottabad 10.2
100m 1957 Sialkot 10.3
100m 1954 Delhi 10.4
100m 1956 Berlin(Germini) 10.4
100m 1960 Lahore (Pakistan) 10.4
100m 1956 Manila 10.6
100m 1957 White city (England) 10.6
100m 1958 Tokyo (Japan) 10.6
100m 1957 Tehran(Iran) 10.8
120y 1957 Glasgow (England) 11.6
120y 1959 Glasgow (England) 11.6
200m 1956 Abottabad 20.8
200m 1956 Melborne 21.1
200m 1954 Delhi (India) 21.4
200m 1959 Stockholm(Sweden) 21.6
200m 1956 Berlin(Germini) 21.4
220y 1958 London 21.5
220y 1958 Glasgow (England) 21.8

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Did the 'fastest man of Asia' run in vain". Dawn.com. Retrieved 10 November 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w "History of athletics in Pakistan". afp.com.pk. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
  3. ^ "Abdul Khaliq". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 10 November 2010.
  4. ^ "Abdul Khaliq ka koi nahi". Express. Retrieved 10 November 2010.
  5. ^ "Athletics in Pakistan". Sports.gov.pk. Retrieved 10 November 2010.
  6. ^ "Fastest Man of Asia after Establishment of Pakistan". Jang Multimedia. Archived from the original on 16 November 2013. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
  7. ^ "Memories of Flying Bird of Asia". The Hindu. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
  8. ^ 2nd Asian Games Pakistan Sports Board. accessdate 2 March 2014
  9. ^ "عبدالخالق تاریخ کے اوراق میں گم". Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  10. ^ a b c d e f Mukhtar, Bhatti; A. Haye, Bhatti (June 1969) [1969], "19", Twenty Years of Sports in Pakistan (1st ed.), Lahore: Bhatti Publications, pp. 9 to 34
  11. ^ Abdul Khaliq. Google. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  12. ^ "Record Dash by Pakistan Top Sprinter Abdul Khaliq". The Age. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
  13. ^ a b "Final Standing in Melbourne Olympics 1956". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  14. ^ "Men 100m in Melbourne Olympics 1956". todor66. Archived from the original on 30 October 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
  15. ^ a b "Men 4* 100m_Relay in Melbourne Olympics 1956". todor66. Archived from the original on 30 October 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
  16. ^ a b c d "Abdul Khaliq Makes Pakistan Proud at Melbourne". Archived from the original on 12 January 2015. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
  17. ^ "Official Report (Pages No. 271,287–290)". Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  18. ^ "Abdul Khaliq Fastest man of Asia". TheNews.com.pk. Retrieved 6 February 2010.
  19. ^ "Men 100m in Rome Olympics 1960". todor66. Archived from the original on 7 February 2016. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
  20. ^ "Men 4*100m relay in Rome Olympics 1960". todor66. Archived from the original on 18 September 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2014.