Abdul Khaliq Ghijduwani
The lead section of this article may need to be rewritten. (March 2017)
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Abdul Khaliq was born in the small town of Ghijduvan, near Bukhara. His father had migrated to Central Asia from Malatya, in eastern Anatolia where he had been a prominent faqih. While Abdul Khaliq was studying tafsir in Bukhara he first had an awakening of interest in the path. He received further training at the hands of Yusuf Hamdani, and was the next link in the Naqshbandi silsila following him.
The way Abdul Khaliq taught became known as the way of the Khojas - teachers.
Abdul Khaliq bequeathed to subsequent generations of the Naqshbandi silsila a series of principles governing their Sufi practice, concisely formulated in Persian and known collectively as "the Sacred Words" (kalimat-i qudsiya), or the "Rules" or "Secrets" of the Naqshbandi Order.
- Schimmel, Annemarie. Mystical dimensions of Islam. Univ of North Carolina Press, 1975. p.364
- Omar Ali Shah (1998). The Rules or Secrets of the Naqshbandi Order. Tractus Books. ISBN 2-909347-09-5.
- John G. Bennett (1995). The Masters of Wisdom. Bennett Books. ISBN 1-881408-01-9.
- Eleven Principles Of The Naqshbandi Sufi Order
- Eleven Principles in Order (first eight from Gajadwani) from the Khwajagan Masters of Love