Abdul Latif Pedram

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Abdul Latīf Pedrām
عبداللطيف پدرام
Dr Abdul Latif Pedram.jpg
Personal details
Born 1963
Maimay, Badakhshan, Afghanistan
Nationality Afghan
Political party National Congress Party of Afghanistan
Residence Kabul, Afghanistan
Occupation Politician and Parliamentarian
Profession Writer, Professor, Historian, Poet, Journalist and Politician

Abdul Latīf Pedrām (Persian: عبداللطيف پدرام‎‎; born in 1963) is a politician and a Member of Parliament in Afghanistan. He emerged as a controversial figure in the press and political circles for campaigning for women's personal rights, a taboo subject in Afghanistan's culture.[1] Currently, he is the leader of the National Congress Party of Afghanistan and is one of the nine representatives of Badakhshan province in the lower house of parliament.

Biography[edit]

Born in Badakhshan in 1963 to a Persian-speaking Tājīk family, Latīf Pedrām is a writer, poet, journalist, and professor of Persian literature. He was director of the library of the Hakīm Nāṣer Ḫoṣrow Balḫī Cultural Center. First a supporter of the communist government, he soon began to openly criticize and oppose the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan and turned toward Ahmad Shah Masood. He stayed in Afghanistan during most of the war years, moving around the country to be able to pursue his activities. Latīf Pedrām was finally forced into exile by the advance of the Pashtun-dominated Taliban and their policies of ethnic and linguistic segregation. Before returning to Afghanistan after the demise of the Taliban, he lived for a while in France where he studied political sciences and attempted to promote Afghanistan's Persian poetry and literature.

Political views[edit]

Latīf Pedrām is a strong supporter of secularism, federalism and decentralization in Afghanistan. He denounces corruption and strongly opposes Islamic fundamentalism.[2] He advocates an independent, but decentralized Afghanistan, and believes that the country should be divided into autonomous regions under the control of regional capitals.[3]

Although his party is multi-ethnic and is, so far, the only opposition party that is not linked to an armed group,[4] he is regarded by some as a secular Tajik nationalist politician. Perhaps his most controversial statement is the demand for a name-change in Afghanistan. In many publications and articles, he proposed the change of the name "Afghanistan" to "Khorasan", the medieval name of the region, in order to settle some inter-ethnic feuds. His statement is based on the fact that the current name of the country is synonymous with "Land of Pashtuns".

Presidential elections 2004[edit]

Pedram received the 5th most votes during the 2004 elections,[5] with approximately 1.4% of the total ballots counted, and approximately 17% of the ballots in his home province Badakhshan - being the strongest of the small candidates.[6] Following the outcome, he criticized the government and the results, saying that "large-scale fraud had occurred", which was "completely shameful."[7] Prior to the votes, Pedram had argued that the presidential election should be delayed because of insecurity and to arrange for the whole Afghan diaspora to vote.[2]

2008 controversy[edit]

In February 2008, an alleged audio recording of Pedram was aired by various TV channels in Afghanistan, claiming that Pedram had "disrespected" and "insulted" former king of Afghanistan, Amanullah Khan, who is regarded as a "national hero" by many in the country.[8][9][10] However, In an interview on Khorasan TV he denied this claim and said that his voice was tampered with.[11][12] This led to hot editorial crossfires among the press and in the Parliament and Cabinet, echoing with ethnic conflicts when ethnic blocks were identified supporting and criticizing Pedram. Following this, the government of Afghanistan tried banning the National Congress Party of Afghanistan and ordered that "comments about former kings, the president and Jihadi leaders are not allowed." Since the incident, Pedram lived under house arrest in Kabul until November 2008.[13] While expressing its concern regarding the regression of democracy in Afghanistan one year before the 2009 presidential elections, the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) called for the unconditional release of Latīf Pedrām.[4]

2009 Presidential election[edit]

In January 2009 an article by Aḥmad Madjidyar of the American Enterprise Institute included Pedrām on a list of fifteen possible candidates in the controversial 2009 Afghan Presidential election.[14] Preliminary results placed Pedrām eleventh in a field of 38 candidates[15] and according to the controversial Independent Election Committee (IEC), he ultimately received 0.34% of the votes.[16] According to IEC results, Pedrām received 6,686 votes in his home province of Badakhshan,[17] considerably lower than the 33,510 votes he received during the 2004 presidential election.[18]

2010 Parliamentary election[edit]

In the 2010 Afghan parliamentary election, Pedram received 8,469 votes in Badakhshan, being the third representative from that province to be elected into the parliament, after Fawzia Koofi and Zalmai Mojadidi.[19]

Political Vision[edit]

Latif Pedram is an ethno-centric Tajik nationalist and federalist. He is the founder and leader of Afghanistan National Congress Party and the founder of the Tajik's Council of Afghanistan. Tajiks constituted the main anti-Taliban fighting force in the past known as Northern Alliance or United Islamic Front for Salvation of Afghanistan.

Awards[edit]

Pedram has received several international awards, including:

He is also an honorary member of:

  • The International Parliament of Writers and a guest of the city of Suresnes in France
  • The "Association of the Persian speakers of the World" ("Peyvand") and member of the board of editors of Peyvand journal

Quotes[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ FRONTLINE/WORLD Fellows . AFGHANISTAN - Without Warlords. A Secular Politician | PBS
  2. ^ a b IRAN PRESS SERVICE: "ELECTIONS CAMPAINING STARTED IN AFGANISTAN" - October 8th, 2004
  3. ^ PBS Frontline: World: Afghanistan Without Warlords, a Secular Politician
  4. ^ a b Democracy in Danger: Latif Pedram placed under house arrest
  5. ^ Afghanistan - Country Fact File
  6. ^ T. Ruttig, Islamists, Leftists – and a Void in the Center. Afghanistan's Political Parties and where they come from (1902–2006), Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, Germany, PDF
  7. ^ a b The New York Times > International > Asia Pacific > Karzai Secures Victory in Afghan Election
  8. ^ Clements, F. (2003). Conflict in Afghanistan: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 28. ISBN 9781851094028. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  9. ^ "Afghanland.com Afghanistan Amir Amanullah Khan Ghazi". afghanland.com. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  10. ^ "Afghanistan Online: Biography (Amanullah Khan)". afghan-web.com. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  11. ^ http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=2634425310093149098&ei=QGu0SpDBApSKqQPEuvn8AQ&q=Dr+latif+pedram&hl=en#
  12. ^ http://quqnoos.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1227&Itemid=48
  13. ^ "Renewed calls for the liberation of Latif Pedram". fidh.org. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  14. ^ Ahmad Majidyar (January 2009). "Afghanistan's Presidential Election" (PDF). American Enterprise Institute. Archived from the original on 2009-09-18. An ethnic Tajik, Pedram is leader of the National Congress Party of Afghanistan. He is a staunch supporter of federalism and secularism and opposes the presence of foreign troops in Afghanistan. He became a rather controversial politician after insulting the late King Muhammad Zaher Shah and proposing a name change for Afghanistan. He won the fifth most votes (1.4 percent) in the 2004 presidential election. He has already announced his intention to run. 
  15. ^ "Preliminary Result of Afghanistan Presidential Contest". Sabawoon online. 2009-08-20. Archived from the original on 2009-08-30. 
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-11-03. Retrieved 2009-10-23. 
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-11-04. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  18. ^ "Afghanistan Election Results - 2004". Archived from the original on 2009-06-27. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  19. ^ Official results for Badakhshan; IEC, 2010
  20. ^ a b Interview with "L'Humanité", January 1, 2007, (LINK)