Abdul Majid Daryabadi

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Abdul Majid Dariyabadi
مَولانا عبدُالماجِد دریاآبادی
Born(1892-03-16)16 March 1892
Died6 January 1977(1977-01-06) (aged 84)
Main interest(s)Quran translation, Education
Notable work(s)Tafseer-e-Majidi, The Psychology of Leadership
Muslim leader
Disciple ofMaulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi

Maulana Abdul Majid Daryabadi (Urdu: عبدُالماجِد دریاآبادی ‎), (16 March 1892 – 6 January 1977) was an Indian Muslim writer and exegete of the Qur'an. Daryabadi was actively associated with the Khilafat Movement; Royal Asiatic Society, London; Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh; Nadwatul Ulema, Lucknow; Shibli Academy, Azamgarh, and several other leading Islamic and literary organisations. In addition to contributing an extensive commentary on the Qur'an in English, Daryabadi wrote also an independent Tafsir in Urdu published as Tafsir Majidi (Academy of Islamic Research and Publications, Lucknow).[1][2] He also authored book Hakeem -ul- Ummat in 1950.[3] He also authored biography named Muhammad Ali Zati Diary in 1943.[4]

Early life and education[edit]

Maulana Abdul Majid Daryabadi Urdu Library, Begumganj, Barabanki

He was born in Daryabad, Barabanki district of India in the Qidwai family. His grandfather Mufti Mazhar Kareem was sentenced to Andaman Islands for signing a fatwa against the British Raj.[5]

He obtained his BA (Hons) in Philosophy from Canning College, Lucknow in 1912. In his academic career, he edited the Urdu weekly Sach and then Sidq (1925–76). Amin Ahsan Islahi, another Indo-Pak Muslim scholar, also worked with him on his weekly newspaper, Sach. For higher studies, MA Philosophy, he joined the then MAO College and then went to St Stephen's College of Delhi, but because of his financial crisis, he could not complete the course. His first book in English, The Psychology of Leadership, was published by Louis Fisher, London in 1913.[5][6]

Since childhood, he took interest in reading a variety of books and writing articles. His first article was published in an Urdu daily, Wakeel Amritsar at the young age of nine years. Philosophy, logic and psychology were his favourite subjects. He studied several books of Orientalists and under their influence, became sceptical of religion and called himself a "rationalist". For almost nine years, he remained away from religion but repented and became a devout Muslim.[5]

He came in contact with the Muslim scholar, Shibli Nomani and assisted him in the composition of Sirat-un-Nabi. He developed friendship with Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Syed Sulaiman Nadwi, Muhammad Ali Jouhar, Akbar Allahbadi and many prominent literary figures. He wrote more than fifty books on the Quran, the life of Prophet Muhammad, travelogues, philosophy and psychology. He also penned biographies, literary and critical essays, hosted radio talks and also translated a number of books into chaste Urdu in accordance with the Lucknow School of writing.[5]


Following is the list of books authored by Daryabadi listed at The Universal Digital Library:[7]

  • Falsafa e Ijtima Yani Jamaat Ki Dimaghi Zindagi Ki Tamseel Wa Tashrih
Language: Urdu, Year: 1915, Subject: Philosophy, Psychology, 258 pgs
  • Falsafa e Jazbat
Language: Urdu, Year: 1920, Subject: Philosophy, Psychology, 264 pgs
  • Feeh Ma Feeh Malfuzat Muhammad Jalaluddin Rumi Wa Tabsira
Language: Persian, Year: 1928, Subject: Religion, Theology, 302 pgs
  • Mardaun Ki Seemaee
Language: Urdu, Year: 1943, Subject: Language, Linguistics, Literature, 310 pgs
  • Mazameen Abdul Majid Darya Badi
Language: Urdu, Year: 1943, Subject: Language, Linguistics, Literature, 260 pgs
  • Muhammad Ali Zati Diary
Language: Urdu, Year: 1943, Subject: Geography, Biography, History, 194 pgs
  • Tafseer e Quran (Tafseer e Majidi) Vol 1
Language: Urdu, Year: 1968, Subject: Religion, Theology, 810 pgs
  • Tafseer e Quran (Tafseer e Majidi) Vol 2
Language: Urdu, Year: 1996, Subject: Religion, Theology, 860 pgs
  • Tafseer e Quran (Tafseer e Majidi) Vol 3
Language: Urdu, Year: 2000, Subject: Religion, Theology, 530 pgs
  • Wafiyat e Majdi Ya Nashri Marsiye
Language: Urdu, Year: 1975, Subject: Language, Linguistics, Literature, 250 pgs
  • Muhammad Ali Zati Diary
Language: Urdu, Year: 1943, Subject: Religion, Theology, 192 pgs

Following is the list of books authored by Daryabadi listed at 'Islamic Books Library':[8]

  • Tafseer – e – Majidi
  • Tafseer – e – Majidi – English
  • Bashriyyat -e- Ambiya [A.S]
  • Hakeem -ul- Ummat
  • Aap Beeti

Other Writings:

Language:Urdu, Subject: Religion Quran

Later evaluation[edit]

Aaap Beeti is autobiography of Daryabadi.[9]

Abdul Qavi Desnavi published a special number on Daryabadi in Lucknow edition of Naya Daur an Urdu monthly magazine. He also published a review on Daryabadi in Maasreen published in Sahir Bombay Vol. 51 – No. 7 in 1980.[10]

In 2008 Md. Shams Alam a Research Scholars from 'Department of Arabic, Persian and Urdu' of University of Madras published a research paper on Daryabadi which was titled Moulana Abdul Majid Daryabadi ki ilmi wa adabi khidmath.[11]

Personal life[edit]

His wife came from a well-connected family. Her brother was Sheikh Masood-uz-Zaman, a member of the Legislative Council, the upper house of legislature for the United Provinces under British Raj. He would be the last elected deputy president of the Council before it was dissolved. Her sister was married to Nawab Nazir Yar Jung of Hyderabad state, a judge of the Hyderabad High Court. Her niece (Nazir Yar Jung's daughter) was Hamida Habibullah, wife of Enaith Habibullah and mother of Wajahat Habibullah of Saidapur Taluqa in Avadh.


  1. ^ "Tafseer -e- Majidi By Shaykh Abdul Majid Daryabadi (ra)". Retrieved 20 March 2013.
  2. ^ Daryabadi, Hazrat Maulana Abdul Majidi. Tafseer-e-Majidi. 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore: Pak Comapany.
  3. ^ "Hakeem -ul- Ummat". Retrieved 26 March 2013.
  4. ^ "Muhammad Ali Zati Diary by Abdul Majid Daryabadi". The Universal Digital Library. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2013.
  5. ^ a b c d Qidwai, Abdul Aleem. Maulana Abdul Majid Daryabadi: Hayaat wa Khidmaat.
  6. ^ "Relationship with Maulana Muhammad Ali" (PDF). www.abdulhaq.info. p. 2. Retrieved 29 March 2013.
  7. ^ "Books by Abdul Majid Daryabadi". The Universal Digital Library. Retrieved 29 March 2013.
  8. ^ "Books by Abdul Majid Daryabadi". Islamic Books Library. Retrieved 29 March 2013.
  9. ^ "Aap Beeti By Shaykh Abdul Majid Daryabadi (r.a)". Retrieved 29 March 2013.
  10. ^ "Abdul Qavi Desnavi Biography". Bihar Urdu Youth Forum, Bihar. Archived from the original on 16 April 2013. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
  11. ^ "University of Madras: Department of Arabic, Persian and Urdu: Research Scholars". University of Madras. Retrieved 20 March 2013.

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