Abdul Qayyum (Arabic: عبد القيوم ) is a male Muslim given name. It is built from the Arabic words Abd, al- and Qayyum. The name means "servant of the eternal", Al-Qayyūm being one of the names of God in the Qur'an, which give rise to the Muslim theophoric names.
The letter a of the al- is unstressed, and can be transliterated by almost any vowel, often by u. So the first part can appear as Abdel, Abdul or Abd-al. The second part can be transliterated Qayum, Qayoom, Qayyoom, Gayoom, or in other ways, and the whole name subject to variable spacing and hyphenation.
It may refer to:
- Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum (1863–1937), Indian educationalist
- Abdul Qayyum Khan (1901–1981), Pakistani politician
- Abdol Ghayoom Ebrahimi (born 1932), founder of Gorgan University, Iran
- Maumoon Abdul Gayoom (born 1937), President of the Maldives
- Abdul Qayum Karzai (born 1947), Afghan politician, brother of Hamid Karzai
- Abdul Qayum (imam) (born 1960), Bangladeshi-born British imam of the East London Mosque
- Abdul Qayoom (cricketer) (born 1967), Indian cricketer and coach
- Abdul Qayyum "Zakir", alleged real name of Abdullah Gulam Rasoul (born ca. 1973), Afghan held in Guantanamo
- Abdil Qaiyyim Mutalib (born 1989), Singapore footballer
- Abdul Qayyum (general), Pakistani Lieutenant General
- Abdul Qayyum Jamal, Pakistani-Canadian accused of terrorism
- Abdul Qayyum Sajjadi, Afghan politician
- Mohammad Abdul Qayyum Khan (1924–2015), Azad Kashmir activist and politician
- Salahuddin Ahmed (1999). A Dictionary of Muslim Names. London: Hurst & Company.
- S. A. Rahman (2001). A Dictionary of Muslim Names. New Delhi: Goodword Books.
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