Abdulhamid bey Gaytabashi

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Abdulhamid bey Gaytabashi
Əbdülhəmid bəy Qaytabaşı
Chief of General Staff of Azerbaijani Armed Forces
In office
December, 1919 – April 28, 1920
Preceded by Mammad Bey Shulkevich
Succeeded by office terminated
Personal details
Born 1884 (1884)
Died 1920 (1921) (aged 36)
Baku, Azerbaijan
Religion Islam
Military service
Service/branch Coat of arms of the Azerbaijani Armed Forces.png Azerbaijani Armed Forces
Years of service 1908 - 1920
Rank Major General
Battles/wars Armenian–Azerbaijani War

Abdulhamid Bey Sharif Bey oglu Gaytabashi (Azerbaijani: Əbdülhəmid bəy Şərif bəy oğlu Qaytabaşı; 1884 - June, 1920) was the last Chief of General Staff of Azerbaijani Armed Forces of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic before its occupation by the Red Army in April 1920.[1]

Early life[edit]

Abdulmajid Bey who was the great grandfather of Abdulhamid moved from Istanbul to Tiflis at the end of the 18th century and started his service in the Russian Imperial Army. While in the Ottoman Army Abdulmajid had been in charge of a regiment and was therefore names, Haytabashi, later transliterated by Russians to Qaytabashi and assigned to him as his title. Abdulhamid's father, Lieutenant colonel Sharif Bey Gaytabashi served as a translator in the Documentation Department of the Russian Army in Caucasus and in the Caucasian Cavalry. Abdulhamid was his seventh child born during Sharif Bey's second marriage. Abdulhamid graduated from Pavlovsk Military College in 1908. As second lieutenant, he was assigned to the 261st Shemakha reserve infantry unit deployed in Elisabethpol. When World War I started, Gaytabashi served in the 205th infantry regiment of the 52nd infantry division of the 3rd Caucasus Corps. For his excellence on the battlefield, Stabskapitän Gaytabashi was conferred with the Order of St. Vladimir of 4th degree.[2]

Service in Azerbaijani Army[edit]

Gaytabashi started his service in the Azerbaijani Armed Forces as an on-duty field-officer in the army corps. In January 1919, he was a member of Commission for Development of Army Units and Management of Military Office of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic. On June 25, 1919 Gaytabashi was promoted to Major General and was subsequently appointed Chief of General Staff of Azerbaijani Armed Forces in December 1919.[2][3] He was considered one of the most experienced military experts of the armed forces.[4] After occupation of Azerbaijan by Bolsheviks, he was appointed Chief of General Staff of the Red Army Corps in Azerbaijan. However, in June, 1920 he was executed by firing squad for his alleged role in Ganja revolt.[2][5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Nazirli, Shamistan (2006). Азербайджанская Güllələnmiş Azərbaycan Generalları [Executed Azerbaijani Generals]. Baku: Archives. pp. 90–93. 
  2. ^ a b c Азербайджанская Демократическая Республика (1918 - 1920) Армия. (Документы и материалы) [Azerbaijan Democratic Republic. (1918-1920) The Army (Documents and collections)]. Baku: Archives. 1998. p. 196. 
  3. ^ "AZƏRBAYCANLILARIN II DÜNYA MÜHARIBƏSINDƏ IŞTIRAKI" [Participation of Azerbaijanis in the World War II] (PDF). Retrieved 2011-09-21. 
  4. ^ Mahir Mammadli (2011-06-26). "Azərbaycan Silahlı Qüvvələrinin yaradılmasından 93 il ötür" [93 years pass since the establishment of Azerbaijani Armed Forces]. ANS. Retrieved 2011-09-21. 
  5. ^ "GÜLLƏLƏNMİŞ AZƏRBAYCAN GENERALLARINDAN BIR QİSMİ" [A partial list of executed Azerbaijani generals]. Azadliq Radiosu. 2007-01-12. Retrieved 2011-09-21.