عبد الله الهرري
|Died||September 2, 2008(aged 101)|
|Region||Horn of Africa/Levant|
|Main interest(s)||Kalam, polemics, hadith|
Abdullah ibn Muhammad ibn Yusuf Al-Harariyy (Arabic: عبد الله بن محمَّد بن يوسف بن عبد الله بن جامع الشَّيبي العبدري الهرري) (1906 – September 2, 2008) was a Harari muhaddith and scholar of Islamic jurisprudence. Living and teaching in Beirut, Lebanon, he is noted as the founder of Al-Ahbash.
In 1983, he founded Al-Ahbash, a Beirut-based organization also known as the Association of Islamic Charitable Projects (AICP). Al-Ahbash is a Sufi religious movement which claims to run its schools affiliated with Cairo's Al-Azhar University, a claim which has been denied by Al-Azhar. Due to the group's origins and activity in Lebanon, the Ahbash have been described as the "activist expression of Lebanese Sufism."
Al-Harariyy was one of the Ulama signatories of the Amman Message. Issued in 2004, the statement gives a broad foundation for defining Muslim orthodoxy. He was also licensed as a Shaykh by Al-Azhar University's branch in Lebanon.
Al-Harariyy died of natural causes on September 2, 2008, aged 102.
- Kabha, Mustafa; Erlich, Haggai (2006). "Al-Ahbash and Wahhabiyya: Interpretations of Islam". International Journal of Middle East Studies. United States: Cambridge University Press. 38 (4): 524. doi:10.1017/S0020743806412459. JSTOR 4129146.
- Górak-Sosnowska, Katarzyna (2011). Muslims in Poland and Eastern Europe: Widening the European Discourse on Islam. Warsaw, Poland: Katarzyna Górak-Sosnowska. pp. 259–262. ISBN 978-83-903229-5-7.
- al-Filasṭīnīyah, Muʼassasat al-Dirāsāt (1999). Journal of Palestine Studies. 29 (1): 113–116. doi:10.2307/2676445.CS1 maint: untitled periodical (link)
- "Founder of Lebanon fundamentalist Sunni group dies". PR-Inside.com. September 2, 2008. Archived from the original on April 8, 2009. Retrieved October 2, 2008.
- Seddon, David (2004). A Political and Economic Dictionary of the Middle East (1st ed.). Routledge. p. 22. ISBN 978-1857432121.
- Kabha, Mustafa; Erlich, Haggai (2006). "Al-Ahbash and Wahhabiyya: Interpretations of Islam". International Journal of Middle East Studies. United States: Cambridge University Press. 38 (4): 519–538. doi:10.1017/S0020743806412459. JSTOR 4129146.
- "Egypt arrests 22 men for corrupting Islam". Al Arabiya. Reuters. December 13, 2007. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
The source said they belong to the al-Ahbash sect – which has a significant following in Lebanon and strong historical ties to Syria – and which is considered unorthodox by many Islamic clerics including the ones at Al-Azhar.
- Hashem, Dr. Ahmed Omar (August 28, 2001). "President of Al-Azhar's Letter / statement issued on the official letter-head of Al-Azhar". Al-Azhar University (in Arabic). Retrieved July 17, 2016.
(Excerpts from the letter from Arabic to English regarding AICP or Al-Ahbash): "There is no single form of recognition / accreditation and cooperation between Al-Azhar University and them. All papers, in which what is otherwise claimed (by this organization) do not correspond to the truth. We reject all attempts to abuse the prestigious name of Al-Azhar University by this organization.."
- "Exposing Abd Allah al-Harari and his sect the Ahbash of Lebanon ("Association of Islamic Charitable Projects")" (PDF). Markaz al-Nasr li Ahl al-Sunnah wal-Jamaah, Jakarta, Indonesia. pp. 23, 24. Retrieved July 17, 2016.
- Hamzeh, A. Nizar; Dekmejian, R. Hrair (1996). "A Sufi Response to Political Islamism: Al-Ahbash of Lebanon". International Journal of Middle East Studies. Beirut: American University of Beirut. 28: 217–229. doi:10.1017/S0020743800063145. Retrieved April 10, 2009.
- "The Official Site". AmmanMessage.com.
- "Al Ahbash". World Almanac of Islamism. Retrieved April 10, 2009.
- Shaykh Abdullah Al-Harariyy Official Biographical Site in English
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