Abdur-Razzaq Nurul-Ain

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Abdur-Razzaq Nurul-Ain
Religion Islam
Other names Nurul-Ain
Personal
Born 1287 (AH 709)
Baghdad, Iraq
Died Kichaucha Sharif
Senior posting
Based in Kichaucha Sharif, Northern India
Period in office Late 12th century and early 13th century
Predecessor Ashraf Jahangir Semnani
Successor Syed Hussain Qattal

Syed Abdur-Razzaq Nurul-Ain [1][2][3] was a Sufi saint.

Early life[edit]

He was the successor of Sufi saint Syed Ashraf Jahangir Semnani. Among the descendants of Syed Abdul Razzaq Jilani, the line of saints of Ashrafia Jilania is one of the most reputed households of the subcontinent. Within this line, Nur-ul-Ain was the heir, disciple and Khalifa of Syed Ashraf Jehangir Semani. He was the son of his maternal cousin. He is the 11th descendant of Sufi Syed Abdul Qadir Jilani of Jilan, Iraq. Nur-ul-Ain first met Ashraf Jahangir Semnani at age twelve in Baghdad when Semnani made a visit there and from then on never left his company. Jilani adopted Nur-ul-Ain as his son and made him the heir and caretaker. This line of saints is still observed in Ashrafia.

Career[edit]

Syed Ashraf Jehangir Semani died in 808 AH and Nur-ul-Ain became the heir to his throne. After strenuous spiritual training he was bestowed with Khilafat (Spiritual Successor) and from him the Ashrafi spiritual chain flourished. According to the tradition of Mirat-ul-Asrar, at the time of his death, Syed Ashraf Jehangir Semani was either 106 or 110 years of age. In Tohfta ul Abrar, his age is written as 120 and year of birth is 688 AH. Even his adopted son, Syed Abdul Razzaq was 120 at the time of his death. He spent 12 years before he took Bayat and 68 years in travel and in the service of Syed Ashraf Jehangir Semani and the remaining 40 years after the death of his Murshid at the throne of Khilafat. Accordingly, his birth year was 728, year of arrival in India 740 and year of death 848.[4] His grave is located next to that of Ashraf Jahangir Semnani in the same Shrine in Kichauccha Sharif, Dist. Ambedkar Nagar, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Works[edit]

  • Maktubate Ashrafi (Letters of Ashraf) compiled by Abdur-Razzaq

Chishti Order[edit]

Sufi orders trace their origins ultimately to the prophet Muhammad, who is believed to have instructed his successor in mystical teachings and practices in addition to the Qur'an or hidden within the Qur'an. Opinions differ as to this successor. Some Sufi orders trace their lineage to Abu Bakr, the first Sunni caliph, others to 'Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib, Muhammad's cousin, whom the Shi'a regard as the first Imam.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 'NURUL-AIN' by Syeda Aale Fatima, Published 1974, India
  2. ^ ‘*Hayate Makhdoom Syed Ashraf Jahangir Semnani(1975), Second Edition (2017) ISBN 978-93-85295-54-6, Maktaba Jamia Ltd, Shamshad Market, Aligarh 202002, India
  3. ^ 'LATAIFE- ASHRAFI' By Ashraf Jahangir Semnani, Compiled by Nizam Yemeni, Edited and annotated by Syed Waheed Ashraf and published in 2010 by Makhdoom Syed Ashraf Jahangir Academy, 17 Kalyan Society, Outside Pani Gate, Baroda-390019, Gujarat, India
  4. ^ Prof. Mohammad Hussain, Azad Al-Qadri. Tarikh Mashaikh Qadria Razaqia (with reference to the Subcontinent). Versatile Printers.