Abel Paz

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Abel Paz
AbelPaz.jpg
Abel Paz (2007)
Born Diego Camacho Escámez
(1921-08-12)August 12, 1921
Almería, Andalusia, Spain
Died April 13, 2009(2009-04-13) (aged 87)
Barcelona, Spain
Other names Abel Paz
Occupation Anarchist, writer, historian
Known for Spanish anarchist, anti-fascist, biographer of Durruti

Abel Paz (1921–2009) was a Spanish anarchist and historian who fought in the Spanish Civil War and wrote multiple volumes on anarchist history, including a biography of Buenaventura Durruti, an influential anarchist during the war. He kept the anarchist tradition throughout his life, including a decade in Francoist Spain's jails and multiple decades in exile in France.

Background[edit]

Abel Paz was born Diego Camacho Escámez on August 12, 1921, in Almería, southeastern Andalusia, Spain. When he was six years old, he moved in with his Barcelonan uncle, who was a member of the Confederación Nacional del Trabajo (CNT), a Spanish anarcho-syndicalist labor union. Before his teens, Paz had joined the libertarian Ferrerist school Escuela Natura in Barcelona's El Clot working class district. He moved back briefly to Almería, where his mother was, too, a CNT member and subscribed to the Libertarian Youth in 1935.[1]

Career[edit]

Spanish Civil War[edit]

The military uprising in Barcelona was repelled by anarchists led by Leonese Buenaventura Durruti, whence they started the Aragon Offensive.

By February 1936, Paz had returned to Barcelona just before the start of the Spanish Revolution and Civil War. He joined the CNT-FAI (allied with the Federación Anarquista Ibérica, founded as a group that fought the CNT-FAI's moderate policies, and fought for the working class and anarchists. Following his 1937 arrest in a clash with Stalinists, he worked in a farm collective, wrote for the FAI's Tierra y Libertad periodical, and fought on the Catalan front.

Post-war[edit]

Spain after the Catalonia Offensive (nationalist Spain in gray, Republican Spain in white)

As the war approached its end in early 1939, when Franco's Nationalists retook Catalonia, Paz and hundreds of thousands of anarchists sought asylum in France. In 1942, he returned to Catalonia and attempted to restart the CNT. He was jailed and passed between prisons for five years. Shortly after his release, he was jailed again for another five years for participating in the Libertarian Youth.

Exile[edit]

After his release in 1952, Paz returned to the resistance and became the underground organization's delegate to the 1953 International Congress.[1]

Paz remained exiled in France, where he traveled and participated in anti-Francoist, CNT, and Libertarian Youth groups. His partner Antònia Fontanillas (also of anarchist lineage) traveled with him through 1958. Over the next decade, Paz wrote multiple history books, including a biography of CNT figure Buenaventura Durruti, known as the most comprehensive account as of the late 2000s.

Return[edit]

In 1975, Francisco Franco died. In 1979, Paz returned to Spain and tis anarchist movement. He wrote a four-volume memoir and spoke with young libertarians about his experiences. In the mid-1990s, Paz toured Italian public meetings following interest in Ken Loach's 1995 film about the Spanish Civil War, Land and Freedom. He participated in media accounts of the war through his physical decline and death.[1]

Personal and death[edit]

Paz at his Barcelonan apartment, 2006

Paz's life partner was Antònia Fontanillas.

He died age 87 on April 13, 2009, in Barcelona.

Selected works[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Venza, Claudio (June 2009). "Remembering Diego Camacho AKA Abel Paz". KSL: Bulletin of the Kate Sharpley Library (58–59). 
  2. ^ Jackson, Hunter (September 2009). "Durruti in the Spanish Revolution By Abel Paz and Chuck Morse". WorkingUSA. 12 (3): 526529. doi:10.1111/j.1743-4580.2009.00254.x. ISSN 1089-7011 – via EBSCOhost. 
  3. ^ "Durruti en la Revolución española (Book)". International Review of Social History. 42 (2): 335. August 1997. ISSN 0020-8590 – via EBSCOhost. 
  4. ^ Ealham, Chris (2009). "Rev. of Durruti in the Spanish Revolution". Anarchist Studies. 17 (1). ISSN 0967-3393 – via Book Review Index Plus. 
  5. ^ Alexander, Richard. "Review: Durruti in the Spanish Revolution". Black Flag. Retrieved October 16, 2017. 
  6. ^ Woodcock, George (April 28, 1978). "The Libertarian Virtues". The Times Literary Supplement: 477. ISSN 0307-661X. 
  7. ^ Pinta, Saku (2014). "Rev. of The Story of the Iron Column: Militant Anarchism in the Spanish Civil War". Anarchist Studies. 22 (1). ISSN 0967-3393 – via Book Review Index Plus. 

Further reading[edit]