Abell 2163

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Abell 2163
Cosmic fireflies.jpg
Abell 2163 taken by Hubble Space Telescope.[1]
Credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA
Observation data (Epoch J2000)
Right ascension 16h 15m 34.1s
Declination−06° 07′ 26.04″
Richness class2[2]
828 Mpc (2,701 Mly) h−1
ICM temperature11.5 - 14.6 keV
Binding mass4.6 × 1015 M
X-ray luminosity6 × 1045erg/s
X-ray flux1.4×1011 erg s−1 cm−2 (0.5—2 keV) [3]
See also: Galaxy groups, Galaxy clusters, List of galaxy clusters

Abell 2163 is one of the richest and most distant of the clusters of galaxies found in the Abell catalogue. Its abell richness class is 2 and position is at a redshift z=0.2. Data from Chandra X-ray Observatory have shown that it is the hottest galaxy cluster in the Abell catalogue. It is also a merging cluster.

The galaxy density and mass distribution in the central region of this cluster have also been determined by weak gravitational lensing. These analyses show very similar mass and galaxy distributions, with two coincident maxima and a flat shape elongated in the east-west direction, but the weak lensing signal is surprisingly faint in comparison to what could be expected from the cluster X-ray properties. However, these detailed studies are limited to the inner 8’×8’ region of the cluster, and do not include the peripheral clumps such as A2163-B. La Barbera et al. (2004) estimated the photometric redshifts of galaxies in A2163-B, showing that this structure lies at the typical redshift of the main cluster (z = 0.215 ± 0.0125).[4]

There is also an extremely bright and large radio halo present in the cluster, and is one of the brightest known clusters.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Cosmic fireflies". www.spacetelescope.org. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
  2. ^ Abell, George O.; Corwin, Harold G., Jr.; Olowin, Ronald P. (May 1989). "A catalog of rich clusters of galaxies" (PDF). Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. 70 (May 1989): 1–138. Bibcode:1989ApJS...70....1A. doi:10.1086/191333. ISSN 0067-0049. Retrieved March 13, 2012.
  3. ^ a b c "NED results for object ABELL 2163". NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database (NED). Retrieved March 17, 2012.
  4. ^ A2163: Merger events in the hottest Abell galaxy cluster I. Dynamical analysis from optical data - S.Maurogordato, A. Cappi, C. Ferrari, C. Benoist, G. Mars, G. Soucail, M. Arnaud, G.W. Pratt, H. Bourdin, J.-L. Sauvageot.
  5. ^ The Giant Radio Halo in Abell 2163 - L. Feretti, R. Fusco-Femiano, G. Giovannini, F. Govoni.

Coordinates: Sky map 16h 15m 34.1s, −06° 07′ 26″