Abella sometimes known as Abella of Salerno was a mid-14th century Roman physician who taught general medicine at the Salerno school of medicine. Though her dates are not established, she is believed to have lectured on standard medical practice, bile, and women's health and nature. She published two treatises: De atrabile and De natura seminis humani ("On Black Bile" and "On the Nature of the Seed"), which do not survive. In Salvatore De Renzi's nineteenth-century study of the Salerno School of Medicine Abella is one of four women (along with Rebecca de Guarna, Mercuriade and Constanza Calenda) mentioned who both practiced medicine and wrote treatises.
Abella is a featured figure on Judy Chicago's installation piece The Dinner Party, being represented as one of the 999 names on the Heritage Floor.
- Chicago, Judy. The Dinner Party: From Creation to Preservation. London: Merrell (2007). ISBN 1-85894-370-1
- Rosser, Sue V. Women, Science, and Myth: Gender Beliefs from Antiquity to the Present. N.p.: ABC CLIO, n.d.
- Banerjee, D.D. History of Medicine. N.p.: B. Jain, n.d. Print.